Amble and District
     Local History


The Fenwicks of Nunriding also owned Barnhill, in the chapelry of Brainshaugh. The Newcastle Journal of . . . October, 1746, contains an advertisement, `To be let against May day next, lying at Barnhill and Brodridge, near Warkworth, two very convenient farms, consisting of arable, meadow and pasture ground. The premises are well enclosed and watered, and the houses in good repair. Apply to Mr. Carr at Nunriding.' And the Newcastle Courant of 19th December, 1801, advertises for sale the principal part of the oak, ash, etc., growing upon the several estates of Thomas Fenwick, esq., at (inter alia) Barnhill, Lang-riggs, and Brotherwick, near Warkworth
Enrolment of leases. Duke of Northumberland's MSS.
Thomas Fenwick appears to have been Isabel Bonner's widower.
Warkworth Register. The Mitford register contains the following entry under the date of 22nd April, 1702: ` Bonner, son of Mr. Thomas Fenwick of Warkworth, buried.'
'1616. Letter from Mr. Whitehead relative to the son of Lancelot Ogle, who was drowned, and was seised of three tenements in Brotherwick.' Duke of Northumberland's MSS.
Duke of Northumberland's MSS.
Duke of Northumberland's MSS.
A plan or map.
Duke of Northumberland's MSS.
For George Carr's very interesting will see vol. ii. of this work, p. 431.
But there are traces which lead to the supposition that a small mill may have existed on the Brotherwick bank of Hounden. Ex inf. Mr. George Tate.
Waters-haugh ford. This ford formerly crossed the river considerably to the west of the existing ford, and just opposite to the south-east corner of Brotherwick township. Ex inf. Mr. George Tate.
Still in situ.
Clarkson's Survey, Duke of Northumberland's MSS.; cf. Earl Percy, `The Ancient Farms of Northumberland,' Arch. Ael. vol. xvii. p. 7.
Bailiffs' Accounts, 16-17 Hen. VIII. Ibid.
Bailiffs' Accounts, 16-17 Hen. VIII. Ibid.
Bailiffs' Accounts, 22 Hen. VII. Ibid.
Bailiffs' Accounts, 5 Hen. VII. Ibid.
Cartington's Rental, 14-15 Henry VII. Duke of Northumberland's MSS.
Rot. Pat. 6 Hen. IV. pt. 2, m. 10. Cf. Bates, Border Holds, i. p. 108.
Inq. p.m. 2 Hen. IV. No. 41. Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. ii. p. 263.
Test. Ebor. Raine, p. 265. Surt. Soc. No. 4.
Inq. p.m. 8 Rich. II. No. 21. Ibid. pt. iii. vol. ii. p. 253
Inq. p.m. Donald de Heselrig, 35 Edw. III. second numbers, No. 33 ; and Inq. p.m. Donald de Heselrigg et Job. uxor. ejus, 50 Edw. III. second numbers, No. 14. Ibid. pt. iii. vol. i. pp. 80, 88. But in the year 1377 Donald de Heselrig married Joan de Bredon, one of the damsels of the chamber of Queen Philippa. Cal. Rot. Pat. I Ric. II. p.II
Inq. p.m. Ric. de Botilstoun, 36 Edw. III. Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. i. p. 80.
`Preceptum est Willelmo de Nessefeld esceatori regis in comitatu Northumbrie quod accepta securitate ab Johanna de Wauton sorore herede Gilberti de Wauton defuncti de rationabili relevio suo et eidem Johanne de duabis partibus manerii de Brotherwyk cum pertinenciis quod quidem manerium integrum tenetur de rege in capite per homagium et servicium custodiendi austercum regis et reddendi regi per annum sex solidos et octo denarios plenam seisinam habere faciat salvo,' etc. Abb. Rot. Orig. 34 Edw. III. ro. 3. Ibid. p. 326. Cf. Inq. p.m. Rob. de Wauton, 34 Edw. III. No. 63.
`Rex pro sexaginta solidis quos Willelmus Darrayns regi solvit [pardonavit eidem, etc.] adquirendo, etc., manerium de Brotherwyk cum pertinenciis de Gilberto de Wauton que, etc., sine licencia.' Abb. Rot. Orig. 22 Edw. III. ro. 46. Ibid. p. 321
`Rex cepit fidelitatem Gilberti de Wauton filii et heredis Johannis de Wauton defuncti de uno mesuagio et quaterviginti acris terre que vocantur manerium de Brotherwyk et uno molendino aquatico ibidem quod de rege tenetur in capite per servicium sex solidorum et octo denariorum per annum solvendorum ad castrum regis de Novo Castro super Tynam et ideo,' etc. Abb. Rot. Orig. 16 Edw. III. ro. 14. Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. ii. p. 317.
Inq. p.m. Joh. de Wauton, 16 Edw. III. first numbers, No. 15.
'Johannes de Wauton finem fecit per unam marcam pro pardonacione, etc., adquirendo, etc., manerium de Brotherwyk, cum pertinenciis et quedam terras et tenementa cum pertinenciis in Brotherwyk, que,' etc. Abb. Rot. Orig. 7 Edw. III. ro. 29. Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. ii. p. 309-310.
Inq. ad quod damnum, 7 Edw. III. second numbers, No. 45. Writ, dated 1st January, 7 Edw. III.
The family of Wauton held the bailiffry of Bolax in the forest of Rockingham, and estates in the counties of Buckingham, Northampton, Essex, Surrey, and Hampshire.
Inq. p.m. Rob. fitz Roger, 3 Edw. II. No. 55; Arch. Ael. 4to series, iii. p. 104.
De Banco Rolls, 12 Edw. I. Duke of Northumberland's Transcript, p. 681.
Newminster Chartulary, Fowler, p. 199. Surt. Soc. No. 66.
`Rex cepit homagium Galfridi de Hanvill filii et heredis Willelmi de Hanvill defuncti de omnibus terris et tenementis que idem Willelmus tenuit in capite,' etc. Abb. Rot. Orig. 4 Edw. I. ro. 17. (1275/76).
`Mandatum est vicecomiti Northumbrie escaetori in eodem comitatu quod capiat in manum regis omnes terras et tenementa de quibus Willelmus de Hanvill que de rege tenuit in capite obiit seisitus.' Abb. Rot. Orig. 4 Edw. I. (1275/76) ro. 7. Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. ii. p. 283.
Rot. Hund. 3 Edw. I.; Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. i. p. 91. Northumberland Assize Rolls, 7 Edw. I. Page, p. 325.
Ibid. p. 38.
At the Northumberland assizes of 1256 there was a formal action brought by William de Hanvill against Richard de Houton and William le Masle concerning 30 acres of land and 4 acres of meadow in Riplington. An assize of mort d'ancestor was summoned between them, and de Hanvill released all his rights to le Masle in consideration of 6 marks and a half of silver. Northumberland Assize Rolls, 40 Hen. III. Page, p. 13. Feet of Fines, Northumberland, Hen. III. No. 128, ibid.
Inq. p.m. Alicia fil Ric. le Masle, 36 Hen. III. No. 23 ; Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. i. p. 43.
Cal. Gen. i. 41, quoted Northumberland Assize Rolls, p. 13. Surt. Soc. No. 88. By an agreement made in the King's Court at Newcastle at Michaelmas, 1241, Ralph le Masle, for 100s. quit-claimed to Gilbert de Hanvill and Avicia his wife and her heirs all his claim in the manor of Brothwyke. Feet of Fines, Hen. III. Northumberland.
Newminster Chartulary, Fowler, p. 199. Surt. Soc. No. 66.
Testa de Nevill; Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. i. p. 221.
There is some doubt whether this name should not be read Hauvill, but if Hanvill be correct, it is possible that the family may have given its name to or have taken it from Anvill, in the parish of Whickham.
Rot. Hund. 3 Edw. I. ii. p. 17; Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. i. 90.
The Census Returns are : 1801, 10 ; 1811, 9 ; 1821, 10 ; 1831, 4 ; 1841, 10 ; 1851, 13 ; 1861, 7 ; 1871, 15; 1881, 20; 1891, 23.
Mr. J. D. Milburn's Title Deeds.
In 1826 Richard Robson of Alnwick castle voted for Walk Mill. Poll Book.
'To be let, a farm commonly called Morwick Walk Mill, containing 120 acres, free of corn and hay tithes. Apply to Mr. John Laing, Alnwick.' Newcastle Courant, 8th October, 1803. ' Mr. George Laing of Longhoughton is one of the bailiffs of the duke of Northumberland ; his estates are Doxford (since sold to Mr. Taylor), Walk Mill opposite Morwick, and some land at Burradon. Sir David Smith's Collection. 'Vice-Chancellor's court. 1824, 6th May. Robson versus Thirlwall and others.' An action was brought by Richard Robson against the trustees of Mr. Laing to compel him to join in the conveyance of Walk Mill which Robson had purchased from the trustees to whom Laing had assigned his estate in trust to pay his debts. Newcastle papers, 22nd May, 1824.
In 1748 Thomas Johnson voted for Walk Mill. Poll Book. 1782, 'To be let, Walk Mill, near Warkworth. Apply to Mr. William Johnson of Woodhorn, or William Johnson, esq., of Silksworth.' Newcastle papers, April, 1782. 1783, 'To be sold, the tithe free, freehold estate of Morwick Walk Mill, 122 acres, with a valuable spring of wood. Apply to John Goodchild, esq., of Pallion; Messrs. Soulsby and Aubone Surtees, Newcastle; or Mr. Fairless of Bishop Auckland, attorney.' Newcastle papers, 1783.
The following notices are extracted from the register : 1677, September 30th. ' Uxor. Thomae Straker de East Chivington' buried. 1684/85, March 12th. ' Dorothy Straker de Walk Mill' buried. 1688, September 18th. ' Robertus Straker de Walk Mill' buried. 1735, October 7th. ' Josephus Streaker de Walk Mill' buried.
Poll Books.
Pat Rolls, 22 Eliz. pt. 7, m. 10.
Ministers' Accounts, 28 Henry VIII.
Newminster Chartulary, Fowler, p. 200. Surt. Soc. No. 66.
The Census Returns are : 1801, 6 ; 1811, 6 ; 1821, 13 ; 1831, 7 ; 1841, 5 ; 1851, 8 ; 1861, 7 ; 1871, 11 ; 1881, 5 ; 1891, 8.
Of this area, a detached close of 5 acres called ` Bowmen,' was, between the years 1850 and 1860, added to, and now forms part of the township or civil parish of Sturton Grange. Ex inf. Mr. George Tate.
A walk mill is a fulling mill; a walker is a fuller. Heslop, Northumberland Words.
Rev. James Strother's Deeds.
Exchequer Depositions, 12-13 Charles I. Hilary Term, No. 8. Ibid. 13 Charles I. Michaelmas Term, No. 40.
Query, Gisne or Guyzance mill.
Ibid. p. 209.
Newminster Chartulary, Fowler, p. 208. Surt. Soc. No. 66.
The old house was probably built by Nicholas Appleby, for there remains in the garden a sun-dial which bears his initials and the date 1797. The present house was built from designs of the Rev. H. C. Hingeston-Randolph, now a prebendary of Exeter.
For a pedigree of the Appleby family, see under Acklington.
The Rev. James Strother's Deeds and Mr. John Liddell's Deeds.
The estate of Sturton Grange Eastfield originally comprised 272 acres, of which 4 acres have been taken by the North Eastern Railway Company on which to build Warkworth railway station.
Mr. Reginald Fenwick's Title Deeds
Nathaniel Dodds brought from Unthank, near Scremerston, and erected at South Side the first steam threshing machine used in Warkworth parish.
To be sold, Sturton Grange South Side, comprising 412 acres. Apply to Mr. Dodds, South Side, or to Mr. Lambert, Alnwick. Newcastle Courant, January, 1820.
Records of the English Province S.F. series xii. p. 643. The provincial of the society, in the exercise of the discretion given to him by the will, sold the tithes and applied the proceeds to the Alnwick mission. The tithes so given were those of Ancroft and Tweedmouth. This endowment is still enjoyed by the Roman Catholic priest at Alnwick. Cf. Payne, Records of English Catholics in 1715, p. 94.
In the year 1815 two old scutcheons of the Ord family were hanging in Warkworth church, one of which bore the arms of Ord impaling Witham. Sable, 3 salmons hanriant, argent, two and one—Ord. Or a bend between three pewits sable—Witham. Sir David Smith's Collection.
Register of Roman Catholic Estates with the clerk of the peace at the Moot hall.
`These are to certify that I have, pursuant to an order sent to me for that purpose, made diligent search and enquiry for such persons as were concerned in the late rebellion, and also sent warrant to the several petty constables within my division, requiring them to do the same, but neither they nor I can be informed nor have any intimation of any persons concerned therein, except Mr. Ord of Sturton Grange, and Mr. Thomas Lisle of Hazon, who are absconded or otherwise conceal themselves.' Signed, Thomas Wardell, 14th January, 1718. Sessions Records. Cf. Lancashire Memorials of 1715, pp. 44, 46, where it is said that William Ord of Warkworth Grange was taken prisoner to London, 10th December, 1715. Cf. also Cosin's List of Non -jurors, etc. p. 87.
Cf. Bates, Border Holds, i. p. 211.
Mr. John Liddell's Title Deeds.
Public Record Office. Exchequer Special Commission. II James (1613), No. 4361.
Ibid. ii. p. 141.
Ibid. ii. p. 352
Ibid. ii. p. 78
Cal. of Border Papers, Bain, i. p. 22.
`A Booke of the Losses in the Middle Marches of England by the Scots Thefes.' Lansdowne MS. 49. Border Club, i. pp. 70, 71.
These descents are chiefly taken from the Visitation of Yorkshire, 1584 and 1610 (with additional pedigrees), edited by Joseph Forster ; Harleian Society. Cf. Visitation of Durham, 1666.
A late instance of a grant of serfs.
This fee farm rent was acquired by the philanthropic Edward Colston, and by him was given, inter ailia, to his almshouse at Bristol. Cf. Proc. Soc. Antiq. Newc. iii. p. 388.
Patent Rolls, 36 Hen. VIII. pt. 26.
Cal. Rot. Chart. 18 Edw. I. No. 63. Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. ii. p. 393.
Ibid. p. 219.
Ibid. p. 217.
Ibid. p. 216.
Ibid. p. 215.
`Potestatem accipiendi carbones maris in bosco meo de Midilwode, ubicumque fuerint inventae, ad forgiam grangiae suae de Stretton.' Newminster Chartulary, Fowler, p. 201. Surt. Soc. No. 66.
These buildings are said to have stood by the side of the stream, in the close called the Grange Green, about 150 yards east of the present homestead, near a spot marked by a fine ash tree, blown down in the great gale of 1881. Foundations of walls have been traced.
` Sciant praesentes et futuri, quod ad rectificandas et certificandas divisas inter abbatem et conventum Novi Mon. ad grangiam suam de Stratton, et inter Robertum de Hilton apud Syepesbotle, idem Robertus assensu et voluntate dictorum abb. et conv. levare fecit quandam hayam ab aqueductu quae venit de Colepetheford, inter parcum abbatis et boscum dicti Roberti, ad crucem lapideam. Et se extendit illa haya ultra le Munekes super usque ad Moryley, et sic usque ad lyngam quae venit de Bukeley, et sic versus orientem usque ad Wyteleys, et sic usque ad fossatum quod est divisa inter campun de Stratton et terram quam vocant terram Percy ; ita quod omnes placiae infra dictam hayam versus Siepesbotle quae fuerunt dictorum abbatis et conventus, remaneant dicto Roberto de Hilton et her. suis in escambium perpetuum pro omnibus placiis ex altera parte hayae versus grangiam de Strattone quae fuerunt ejusdeln Roberti de Hylton, quas possidere debent dicti abbas et conventus, et eorum successores iinperpetuum.' Newminster Chartulary, Fowler, p. 203. Surt. Soc. No. 66.
Ibid. p. 203.
Northumberland Assize Roll, 53 Hen. III. Page, p. 199.
At the Northumberland assizes in 1269 there were proceedings between Robert fitz Roger and the abbot of Newminster relating to Herfordlees. Northumberland Assize Roll, 53 Hen. III. Page, p. 154. This place, with great probability, may be identified with Warkworth Moor.
'Totam illam peciam terrae quae jacet infra Langdike, una cum cadent Langdyke, quae quidem terra in se continet circiter unam acram et dimidiam, cum omnibus suis pertin., quae se tendit a via regia Kydeford usque ad moram de Werkworth, sine aliquo retenemento.' Ibid. p. 199. Cf. Northumberland Assize Roll, 53 Henry III. Page, p. 13 n. Surt. Soc. No. 88.
'Ut faciant fossatum unuin pro certa et perpetua divisa inter grangiam de Strattona et villam de Brotherwyk, a siketo ex occidentali parte de Brotherwyk usque ad le Grenegate.' Ibid. p. 199. This dyke or fence can still be clearly traced throughout the greater part of its length.
Ibid. p. 198.
`Per has divisas, scilicet, sicut Alriburne juxta Strectunam currit ad Kideford, et de Kideford sicut divisa Strectunae et Brotherwvk vadit ad Herefordesles, et exinde sicut divisa Strectunae per transversum Herefordeles vadit usque ad Hereford, et inde per Koket usque ad fossatum de Wyteley, et inde sicut divisa Strectunae vadit ad Merethorne, et inde usque ad Hundhakeston et de Milneden et de Milneburn usque ad Colepetheburne, et inde usque ad Harethorneburn, et de Harethorneburn per semitam quae vadit versus north usque ad viam quae ducit juxta truncum magnum ad Harethorneley, et inde usque ad alterum Harethorneley, et inde in transversum per Lemetheley versus northest, usque ad pracdictum Alreburn, et totum Strectuneles ultra praedictas divisas usque ad campos de Sipplebottle in commune inter Strettune et Sipplebottle.' Newminster Chartulary, Fowler, p. 197. Surt. Soc. No. 66.
The Census Returns are : 1801, 88; 1811, 86 ; 1821, 72 ; 1831, 88; 1841, 108 ; 1851, 130; 1861, 122 ; 1871, 114; 1881, 116; 1891, 78.
Under the old system of rating the township of Sturton Grange was reputed to contain eight farms and the township of Walk Mill one farm.





Sturton Grange Township Northumberland

     The township of Sturton Grange, which comprises 1,119 acres, N with a population of 78 N at the census of 1891, is wholly agricultural, being mostly under tillage, with a proportional amount of pasture land. It is well watered by the Grange burn, which takes its rise in the adjacent parish of Shilbottle, and entering this township by the Redford-gate, flows through the picturesque Black-dean, and under the name of the Hounden burn joins the Coquet near Warkworth station. There are good sandstone quarries, which have been worked for sale as well as for estate purposes ; bricks and draining tiles of medium quality have been manufactured at Sturton Grange Eastfield.
    A member of the barony of Wark-on-Tweed, Strectun was granted by Everard de Ros, lord of Wark, to the newly-founded Cistercian abbey of Newminster. The lands given were to be relieved from all civil services, aids, taxes, etc., from danegeld and hornegeld, and from the Crown service called `Utware.' L
    The abbot and convent subsequently strengthened their right of possession by obtaining a charter of confirmation N from Everard's son, Robert de Ros, and improved their estate by making a fence between it and Brotherwick. LN By various grants they acquired in the second half of the thirteenth century a piece of land (probably near Hounden) from Galfridus de Hanvil, L and, about 1250, other lands called Herfordlees N from Robert fitz Roger, lord of Warkworth, who, however, reserved common right upon the same. N They entered into covenants (circa 1240) with Alexander de Hilton N as to the boundaries between their lands and his at Shilbottle and Guyzance, and made a similar agreement with Robert de Hilton. L
   Amongst the other buildings N erected by the monks was a forge or smithy, apparently of some size, for Nicholas of Acton granted a licence to the convent to obtain for its use coal from a wood of his called Midilwode. N Under the customary monastic policy, and aided by Pandulf, the papal legate, a resignation N of the great tithes of Sturton Grange was obtained from Hugh, bishop of Carlisle (1219-1223), who enjoyed the rectory of Warkworth. This grant was confirmed by the prior and convent of Carlisle, N by Nicholas, bishop of Durham, N and further confirmed by a bull of Pope Gregory IX., N granted at Viterbo on the 20th of June, 1237. Finally, the right of free warren in Stretton was granted by King Edward I. in 1290. N At the suppression of the monasteries the value of Sturton Grange was computed to be £16 per annum. N
   In 1546 William, Lord Eure, N in consideration of `good, true, faithful, and acceptable services,' received a grant from the Crown to him and his heirs male (under the reserved rent of 32s. a year) N of the lordship of Stritton with the courts leet, views of frank-pledge, bondmen and bondwomen, N villeins, etc., with all the lands in the occupation of Hunter, Watson, Johnson, Pattinson, and others. The lordship was of the clear annual value of £28 6s. 8d., and was to be held in chief as the tenth part of a knight's fee. The family of Eure was descended from Henry, third son of John fitz Robert, the lord of Warkworth, and some members of the family possessed other lands in the parish of Warkworth.



ARMS : Quarterly, or and gules; on a bend sable three escallops argent.—Visitation of Durham, 1666.


(a) St. Oswald's Register, Durham.
(b) The names of such gentlemen as of late are retained by the king's highness by fee. Hodgson-Hinde, Northumberland, p. 347.
(c)  A captain in Sir William Constable's regiment. Cf. Peacock, Army Lists of Roundheads and Cavaliers, p. 41.
     In the winter of 1584 Sturton Grange was raided by Scottish thieves, some of whom belonged to Swynside, near Oxnam, in Roxburghshire, who robbed the widow Jackson of forty-eight sheep. N
At the muster taken on the Moot-law on the 26th of March, 1580, eight of Lord Eure's tenants in Sturton Grange presented themselves as footmen and alleged that they could not keep horses as ` Lord Ewers' had enhanced their rents from 40s. to £5 apiece, N and at the muster on Cliftonfield on the 24th of November, 1595, William Watson and seven other horsemen who appeared from Sturton Grange were returned as ` defective.' N
    The oppressed tenants found support in the powerful enemies which Eure's rule as lord warden of the Marches had raised against him, and in the presentments (under twenty heads) made against him by the gentlemen jurors to the queen's commissioners in 1597 was the accusation ` that the lord warden has taken exceeding great fines from his tenants at Sturton Grange, viz., of one whose ancient rent was but 40s. he took £48 for fine and raised his rent to 50s. ; that he refused their goods offered in lieu of fines, and imprisoned some of them at Hexham until they agreed to give fines of £60 a farm.' N Eure defended himself in a letter written to Lord Burghley on the 8th of June, 1597 : N
As the jurors are aggrieved at my extreme exactions of fines on my Northumberland tenants, though there is no mention of fines `within the five artickle,' nor do the gentlemen seem `disposed to trouble theire heades with anie other landslord but myselfe.' I answer that Richard Fenwicke, one of the jurors, was a principal dealer for me in letting these leases and perfected the covenants between the tenants and me, ` he over-ruling me to their will,' and I never strained or pressed them to pay but at their ease and best profit, and none of them to my knowledge, repines at the fine (as they witness under their hands). And what was formerly doubbled I have ` layde downe to the aunciente rent.' And to furnish them with horses at present, I not only `forbear but forgive,' as themselves witness. None made presentment to this jury, but some of my tenants of Sturton Grange, who did so on the instigation of Robert Woodrington of Hauxley, one of the jury, though they confess they had no cause to complain.
    In 1613 Ralph, Lord Eure, and his son, Sir William Eure, having entered into an agreement to sell Sturton Grange to George Reaveley for £1,200, a commission was issued by the Crown dated on the 23rd of June of that year, to ascertain whether it would be to the king's loss if such a conveyance were made, the original grant having been made to Eure and his heirs male. The following is an abstract of the return to the writ :
    Inquisition N taken at Newcastle on the 10th October, 1613, before Claudius Forster, esq., the sheriff, and Richard Ord, the feodary.
     The jury say that William, late Lord Eure, father of Ralph, now Lord Eure, was heir male of William, Lord Eure, the grantee, and that he died 10th February, 1593/4, seised of Striton Grange in his demesne as of fee entail, with reversion to the queen ; that the said Ralph, Lord Eure, is son and heir of the said William, and had and received all issues and profits of the said Grange from the time of his father's death, and still receives them, by virtue of the letters patent of Henry VIII. ; that it is worth by the year, clear, ,£20; that William Eure, knight, is son and heir of the said Ralph, and has two sons living, and that there are many persons living who might be heirs to the said William.'
     On the 17th of August, 1617, Reavely conveyed the estate he had so recently purchased to 'William Ord of Prudhoe castle, N a bailiff of the earl of Northumberland. N Ord does not seem ever to have made the Grange his home, but dying at Prudhoe on the 27th of April, 1630, he was buried in the chancel of Ovingham under a marble stone, which bears the arms Quarterly 1 and 4, three salmons hauriant, one and two; 2, three mullets, one and two; 3, three fleurs-de-lis, one and two; and the following quaint epitaph :
Here lyes the corps of a rare man inter'd
On whom both wit and learning God confer'd
To his great good ; for all his works did tend
To God the object of his acts and end.
His abstract was from a renowned race,
To which his proper virtue added grace.
Was happie in his wife, his children seaven,
Of which the prime did follow him to heaven ;
A vertuous girle above her age was shee
Of sin's foule dregs and vile contagion free :
With credit great while he Lord Percy served
Of high, of low, of all he well deserved.
He could get welth, but got, he cared not for it,
And thought it greater wisdome to abhore it ;
And to conclude he usde things transitory
As means to bring him to eternall glory.
     The eastern portion of the township was sold by William Ord, the third of that name, in 1702. His son, also bearing the same name, having taken the losing side in the rebellion of 1715, N involved himself still more deeply by mortgages. As a Roman Catholic, he registered his estate in 1717 as `all the manor of Sturton Grange, now in my mother's and my possession ; as also all the capital messuage of Sturton Grange, with the lands, etc., in the same possession ; all that messuage and lands let by my mother and me to Ralph Mow at £31 a year ; all that messuage and lands let by my mother and me to Robert Tate at £31 a year ; and all that other farm let by my mother and me to William Tate at £31 a year ; of which I have one moiety and my mother the other for her jointure for her life.' N This William Ord died unmarried in January, 1724, and the estate was again registered in the following year by his brother and heir, Richard Ord.
     The latter, in 1729, married Elizabeth, daughter of William Witham, a scion of the Lartington family. N Their niece, Mrs. Mary Butler, who died on the 2nd of March, 1752, gave to Henry Sheldon, the provincial of the Society of Jesus, certain small tithes producing about £35 a year for a fund for one of the Society of Jesus, to be settled at or near Sturton Grange, or some convenient place in the neighbourhood. One mass was to be said every month for ever for the souls of Lancelot Ord, esq., and Margaret, his wife, and for the soul of the donor's aunt, Mrs. Elizabeth Ord, and for her own soul. N
    The last representative of the family, bearing the ancestral name of William, married Mary, daughter of Jasper Gibson of Stonecroft, in the parish of Warden. To be near his wife's kinsfolk, he. purchased lands and built himself a house at Newbrough. He sold off the southern portion of the township in 1796, and at his death, without issue, in 1801, devised the remaining portion, charged with considerable legacies and a heavy mortgage, to his wife's nephew, Jasper Gibson. The latter, in 1815, sold the estate to John and Christopher Jobson of Bebside. As a farm of 408 acres, the Grange was, in 1848, offered for sale by public auction, and in the following year was conveyed by Mr. Christopher Jobson to Mr. Matthew Liddell of Newcastle, and by the latter was given in exchange about 1860 to the duke of Northumberland for lands at Prudhoe.


ARMS : Sable, three salmons hauriant, argent, two and one.
Seal attached to a letter of William Ord of Prudhoe.


(a) Warkworth Register. (e) Sharp MSS. vol. 73. (i) M.I., Ovingham.
(b) Surtees, Durham, iv. p. 119. (f) Newcastle Courant, 2nd June, 1802. (k) Raine, Test. Dun.
(c) Register of St. John's, Newcastle. (g) Mr. John Liddell's Deeds. (l) Durham Probate Registry.
(d) Weldon, Notes of English Confs. Ord. S.B. (h) M.I., Warden.  


1660, 16th April. Feoffment with livery of seisin made between Eleanor Ord of Prudhoe, widow, and William Ord of the same place, gentleman, of the first part ; Edward Widdrington of Blankney, esq., George Selby of Whitehouse, esq., Charles Selby of Winlaton, gent., of the second part ; and Ralph Bowes of Newcastle, gent., and John Errington of Hexham, gent., of the third part. A settlement to secure a jointure to Elizabeth, wife of William Ord, and to settle the estate upon their eldest son William, in tail male ; remainder to their second son, George, etc. Mr. John Liddell's Deeds.
1729, 26th November. Settlement before the marriage of Richard Ord with Elizabeth Witham. John Maire, gent., William Coulter, gent., trustees. In consideration of a marriage portion of a £1,000, a jointure of £100 a year is secured to her and a charge of £1,500 secured upon the estate in favour of the younger children of the marriage. Mr. John Liddell's Deeds.
1796, 26th July. Will of William Ord (codicil, dated 23rd August, 1796). My manor and lands of Sturton Grange to Jasper Gibson of Stonecroft, eldest son of my brother-in-law, Thomas Gibson, deceased, subject to legacies and annuities. To George Gibson, brother of the said Jasper, now an apprentice in Newcastle, £1,000 ; to Margaret, wife of John Gibson of Beacon-house, near Hexham, £1,500 ; to my brother-in-law, James Gibson of Hexham, sadler, £10 per annum ; to the said James Gibson's children, £250 ; to Ann Gibson, daughter of the late Jasper Gibson, attorney-at-law, of Hexham, £150 ; to Thomas Jefferson, son of Doctor Thomas Jefferson of Hexham, £50. Proved at York. Mr. John Liddell's Deeds.
      The southern part of the township, known as Sturton Grange South Side, comprising 412 acres, was sold off by William Ord, and on the 12th of May, 1796, conveyed to Thomas Dodds of Shoreswood ; N it was resold on the 11th of November, 1820, by Nathaniel Dodds N to Joseph Fenwick of Ellington. N Mr. Joseph Fenwick died in 1830, and gave it to his nephew, William Jeffrey, who thereupon assumed the name of Fenwick ; he died in 1860, without issue, and was succeeded in this and other estates by his nephew, Mr. Joseph Jeffrey, who also assumed the name of Fenwick. To the latter's grandson, Mr. Reginald Fenwick, Sturton Grange South Side now belongs.
    On the 30th of October, 1701, William Ord of Sturton Grange entered into articles of agreement with John Cook of Togston for the sale of the messuage, farmhold, etc., commonly known as Eastfield-house, now designated Sturton Grange Eastfield, with the lands thereto belonging, a close called the Well-spring or Windmill-flat, a parcel of ground called the East-side of the Broad-meadow letch, all in the occupation of Ralph Mow and the executors of George Tate, together with the water corn mill, etc. N The consideration was £1,521 10s., and the conveyance was completed in the following year. N
    The heirs and representatives of John Cook, in 1792, sold Eastfield to Thomas Carr of Eshott for £8.500, but he dying shortly afterwards, the estate was resold for the same sum by his trustees, and on the 12th of September, 1795, conveyed to Nicholas Appleby, who, with his father, Thomas Appleby, had for some years previous occupied the farm as tenants.


(a) Warkworth Register. (e) Abstract of Title in the Rev. John
Hodgson's Collection.
(g) Nicholas Brown's Diary.
(c) Rev. Jas. Strother's Deeds. (f) Longhoughton Register. (h) Tynemouth Register.
(d) Newcastle Courant, 26th Aug., 1797.   (i) Durham Probate Registry.
    [our note, no letter '(b)']


1781. To be sold the farm stock at Titlington, belonging to Mr. Edward Cook. Newcastle Journal, 7th April, 1781.
1786, 14th Oct. Will of John Cook of Alnwick. The estate at Eastfield to be sold. To my dear wife Frances the interest of £600. To my son, John Cook of London, £600. To George Selby, the husband of my daughter Margaret, £200, he having already received £100, which make the £300 which I intended. To my daughter, Ann Cook, £300. As to my eldest son, Edward Cook, and my youngest son, George Cook, they having received their fortunes, can only leave them an equal dividend with the rest of my children of whatsoever cash there may be remaining. As I enjoy at present a farm at Longhoughton, which I got by my present wife, I give the same to her with the stock and crop and whatever portion of my household furniture at Alnwick she may choose to have, with half a dozen silver table spoons, a dozen silver tea spoons, and the china and linen she brought with her. The ship may be continued amongst my children, or turned into cash at their own discretion. From a copy in the possession of Mrs. H. H. Blair, Alnwick.
     Miss Margaret Appleby (sister and heiress at law of Nicholas Appleby ) N by will gave Eastfield to her maternal kinsman, William Johnson, of Haggerston, son of the Rev. Henry Johnson, vicar of the two Bywells ; and by his brother, Mr. Henry Johnson of London, it was sold in 1858 for £15,500 to Mr. Anthony Strother (then of Shooter's-hill, Kent, but of a Northumbrian stock). He took down the unpretending but comfortable house, N and in its room built the residence, which, with the estate, has recently been sold by his son, the Rev. James B. Strother (sometime vicar of Shaugh Prior, Devon, and now of Newton Abbot) to Mr. William Sanderson of Gosforth.
    The ancient water corn mill lies in the vale between Eastfield and Low Buston. Its overshot wheel was driven by the united force of the waters of Grange burn and Tylee burn, but it has been disused for nearly twenty years, and the mill is now dismantled.
    The earliest documentary record is the thirteenth-century agreement, N made at Wark in the manor court of Robert de Ros, between Edmund of Buston and the abbot and convent of Newminster regulating the multure to be paid. Another agreement N entered into by Hugh, son of Gregory of Buston, about the same time, recites that there had been and was an ancient custom of grinding at Sturton mill.
    After the dissolution of the monasteries the mill remained in the hands of the Crown until the 13th of September, 1609, when, by letters patent, it was granted to Edward Ferrers and Francis Phillips at the reserved rent of 26s. 8d., who in the same year sold it to Thomas Thompson. In the years 1636 and 1637 there were proceedings in the Court of Exchequer brought by Thompson against William Straker, Thomas Dobson, John James, and James Crookshank, all apparently tenants in Sturton Grange, in order to compel them to bring their corn to his mill to be ground. The following are abstracts of some of the depositions taken in these suits :
    Thomas Dent of Newcastle, gent., aged 32 years, being at Wooden, 25th January, 1636/7, deposed that on the 11th September last (1636) he served the defendants, Dobson and Crookshanks, with process, who pretended that Mrs. Ourd, their mistress, was to defend them in this suit, and said that if she would not do so they would satisfy the plaintiff for his damage past, and come again to grind at the aforesaid mill as they used to do.
    Robert Watson of Brotherwick, aged 70, at the same time and place deposed that he had known Buston mill for about sixty years, and that during that time the tenants and inhabitants of the Grange did usually and occasionally grind their corn at the said Buston mill, unless the mill wanted water. That the `sucken' of the said Grange is all or most of the sucken belonging to the said mill.
    Jane Wawby of Buston, widow, aged 50 years, at the same time and place deposed that William Wawby, her late husband, was for at least thirty-four years before his death tenant and miller of the said Buston mill, anciently called the Grange mill, and had paid to the king's collector 4 nobles rent yearly until about fifteen years since, when the plaintiff claiming the said mill by a grant from King James, the said William Wawby paid to the plaintiff a greater rent for the said mill.
    Thomas Johnson of Buston, aged about 70 years, at the same time and place deposed that for the last sixty years and time out of mind, as he thinks, the said inhabitants have ground their corn at the said mill and not elsewhere, and the tenant and miller used to take moulter and toll for the said grinding, and this he knows to be true, having lived all his life at Grange and Buston, both of which are but a quarter of a mile from the mill. That no town stead or place but Grange is bound to grind there, and without the sucken therefrom the said mill is worth little or nothing. That the toll and moulter of each of the defendants' corn, have for four years been well worth 13s. 4d. a year in this deponent's judgment.
    Thomas Palmer of Lynton, miller, aged about 40, being at Warkworth, 29th August, 1637, deposed that he has known Buston mill and Sturton Grange for about twenty-eight years ; that he believes the mill is built on ground belonging to Sturton Grange ; that it has always been called Buston mill, and that it has never had suit or sucken from Sturton Grange, unless it were voluntary. Deponent knows this, because twenty-eight years before, he was servant to William Wawby, who then farmed the mill of the plaintiff for the yearly sum of £9.
    John Henderson of ` Gilne milne,' N county Northumberland, deposed that he has known the town [of Sturton Grange] and mill more than twenty years ; has never known any bakers or brewers in the said town use the same as a trade or means to get their living, unless on some particular occasion, as a marriage or burial, and only as long as the occasion lasted. N
    The dispute was eventually settled by the sale of the mill, which for £85 was conveyed to William Ord of Prudhoe, gentleman, on the 11th of September, 1658, by Henry Thompson of Newcastle, merchant.
Together with the Eastfield, the mill was in 1702 sold by William Ord to John Cook, and it has since remained part of that estate. N



Walk Mill Township Northumberland

     The township of Walk Mill  N comprises 127 N acres of land and a single house situated in a sequestered position on the left bank of the Coquet. In 1891 it had a population of eight persons. N
     Its early history is included in that of Sturton Grange, of which it was originally an outlying portion. Two of the Newminster charters can relate to no other than this place, for they are licences granted by Hugh de Morwick and Hugh de Morwick, his son, to erect a mill dam across the Coquet. N After the dissolution it was in the tenure of Leonard Morton, and was afterwards held of the Crown by Robert Jackson, as tenant at will ; it was worth 66s. 8d. per annum. N On the 25th of March, 1561/2, it was granted for twenty-one years to Francis Barker at the yearly rent of 53s. 4d. ; and on the surrender of that lease a new one, dated the 27th February, 1579/80, was granted to Tristram Fenwick and John Fenwick of Walker, gentlemen. The premises comprised a fulling mill, with its ' greate brasse potte,' 12 acres of arable land, common of pasture on Warkworth Moor, a house and orchard, and the profits of the coal mine within the said 12 acres. N It is not known when or to whom this place was granted by the Crown, and though under the description of the `Grange Walk Mill' it is mentioned in the rate book of 1663, it is not clear whether it did or did not then belong to the owner of Sturton Grange.
    In the county elections of 1710 and 1722 Joseph Straker of Walk Mill N polled for this place, and there are several entries relating to his family scattered through the Warkworth parish register. N It was afterwards possessed by the families of Johnson N and Laing, N and at the beginning of this century it belonged to Richard Robson, N sometime an agent or bailiff first to the duke of Northumberland and afterwards to Earl Grey. It was sold in 1859 by his sister and heiress, Mrs. Margaret Tait of Green-hill, near Bamburgh, to Mr. Thomas Tate of Bilton, who owned the adjacent estate of Guyzance Bank-house. It now belongs to Mr. J. D. Milburn of Barnhill. N



Brotherwick Township Northumberland

    Adjacent to the park at Warkworth, and on the north side of the Coquet, is the small township of Brotherwick, comprising 185 acres. It had, in 1891, a population of twenty-three. N With the exception of the land occupied by the North Eastern Railway Company, whose line cuts it lengthwise into two portions, it now belongs solely to the duke of Northumberland. The township is occupied as one farm, and contains a freestone quarry, from which a large quantity of stone has been wrought for sale.
    Unlike the neighbouring townships, Brotherwick is a manor held directly from the Crown by sergeancy or the performance of specific services. It was granted by Henry I. (1100-1135) to Henry de Hanvill, the king's falconer, on condition of his paying an annual rent of half a mark. N About 1240, Hugh de Hanvill  N held it in chief for keeping the king's falcons. N William de Hanvill granted to the abbot and convent of Newcastle a licence to make a fence (fossatum) for a permanent division between Sturton Grange and the vill of Brotherwick from a syke in the west part of Brotherwick as far as the Grenegate. N His mother was Avicia, daughter and heiress of Richard le Masle. N She died before 1251, seised of the manor of Brotherwick N and of fourteen bovates of land in Riplington. N In a suit at the assizes of 1256, William de Hanvill proved his right to his fugitive neif, William, son of Hauron of Brotherwick. N
    By an inquisition taken in 1274 it was found that William de Hanvill, who was then living, had for sixteen years past neglected to pay the rent of half a mark reserved to the Crown, and that he had, moreover, sold parcels of the lands of the manor to Robert fitz Roger, William Latimer, Thomas de Elmedon, John Absolon and Alice, his sister, Andrew de Brotherwick, Roger the keeper, Robert fitz Pagan, William the miller, the Light of the blessed Mary of Warkworth, and to certain others whose names the jury knew not. N In the following year the sheriff of the county, as the king's escheator, was ordered to take into his hands the lands and tenements held of the king in chief, of which William de Hanvill had died seised, L and in the same year his son and heir, Galfridus or Geoffrey de Hanvill, did homage for his father's lands. L Geoffrey sold or granted to the abbot and convent of Newminster a piece of ground adjacent to their manor of Sturton Grange. N
  In Trinity term, 1284, Roger Baret and Constance, his wife, brought an action against and recovered from Andrew de Brotherwike the third part of a rent of 20s. in Brotherwick which they claimed as the dower of the said Constance. N


    £.   s.   d.   s.    d.
Summa bonorum Rogeri filii Osberti 1  1  6

unde regi

  1   11½
" Rogeri Campion 1  6  4 " 2   4¾
" Henrici molendinarii 0  12  8 " 1     2
Summa hujus villae,  60s. 6d. Unde regi, 5s. 6d.
    Robert fitz Roger, lord of Warkworth, who died in 1310, was seised of a watermill at Brotherwick worth 30s. a year, N which, together with 3 acres of arable land and 200 acres of moor, was not long afterwards granted by John de Clavering to John de Wanton, N who, in the month of March, 1332/3, had a licence to acquire the manor of Brotherwick from Hugh de Tirgwit ; the manor, mill, land, and moor were held of the king in chief by the service of petty sergeancy and the payment of half a mark ; in time of peace they were worth 40s. a year, but at that time 13s. 4d. only. N
    In 1332/33 John de Wanton paid a fine of 1 mark for acquiring the manor of Brotherwick, N and in the same or following year he was found to have died seised of the same and of 80 acres of land and a water corn mill there. N In 1341/42 Gilbert de Wauton, son and heir of John de Wanton, deceased, did homage for the manor of Brotherwick and a watermill held in chief of the king by sergeancy and the payment of 6s. 8d. a year to the castle of Newcastle-upon-Tyne. L In 1349 William Darrayns paid 60s. for having acquired, without a licence, the manor of Brotherwick from Gilbert de Wanton, L but William de Nesfield, the king's escheator, in 1359/60, was ordered to give seisin of two parts of the manor of Brotherwick to Johanna de Wanton, sister and heiress of Gilbert de Wanton, deceased. L
    In 1362 Richard de Buston was found to have died seised of lands in Brotherwick as well as of lands in Buston and Over Buston. N Johanna de Wanton became wife of Donald de Hesilrigg of Eslington and Whittingham, and with him, in 1370, obtained a licence to enfeoff Edmund de Hesilrigg, Robert de Wycliff, clerk, and John de Feryby, with the manor of Brotherwick. N
    Donald de Hesilrigg died on the Sunday after Easter, 1385, leaving William Hesilrigg, his brother and next heir, aged sixty years. N Johanna, his widow, by her will made at York on the 1st of December, 1400, left many legacies of money and jewels to her friends, her chaplain, and servants, as well as to the convent of Yarm and other religious houses in Yorkshire ; she specially describes one of her jewels as `unum monile (anglice nouche), auri, cum uno saphire in medio, et j dyamand desuper et circumpositum cum pereles et emeraudes.' N She died on the 21st of December, her will being proved on the 31st of the same month, and in the inquisition taken after her death, John Slauton was found to be her kinsman and next heir, being of the age of thirty years. N
    Donald and Johanna de Hesilrigg's feoffees seem to have conveyed the manor of Brotherwick to the earl of Northumberland, for it is included in the grant made in 1405 by Henry IV. to his son, John, of the castle of Warkworth, and other estates forfeited by the earl's rebellion. N When the survey of 1498 was made, two husbandlands in Brotherwyk were held by Richard Maxon and John Nicholson, under a yearly rent of 33s. 4d. `per plegium alter alterius '; N the bailiffs had entered in their accounts for the year ending Michaelmas, 1489, the `farm of lands and tenements in Brotherwyk, leased to Richard Maxon and John Nicholson (beyond 5s. paid to the king as fee farm of the said lands) 40s.'; and there is an allowance of `farm of herbage of a meadow parcel of the farm of Brotherwyk enclosed within Sunderland park to the enlargement thereof, 6s. 8d.' N Richard Maxon was dead before Michaelmas, 1506, when his widow, Elizabeth, is returned as being 12s. 10d. in arrears of rent, N of which, in 1525, she still owed 5s. N The `gersuma ' or fine of 16s. 8d. which the ,tenants should have paid in 1508 was still unpaid at Michaelmas, 1525. N
     In the comprehensive survey of the Percy estates made in 1567 N it is stated :
    This towne of Broderwicke is nether parcell of the lordship of Alnewick nor of the lordship of Warkeworth, but his lordship holdeth the same of the prince by grande serguntcye, as in the recordes fullye appearethe; the scite therof is more comoditye to his lordship for the save-garde of his game there, yt ys profitable to the tenants for consideringe the remaine (sic) of a constable in the castell of Warkeworth (as moste requisit yt were) the occupations of the fermors of the lord's demaines the scite of the browghe of Warkeworth, Aclington, Over Bustone, Spittell, and Birlinge, and the keeper's dwellinge, with a small numbre of tenants in the sayd towne of Brodderwic there can be no huntynge by nyghte or by daye aboute the sayde parke (yf the same be not inclosed) but it wilbe knowen to the said constable and keapers yf any regarde be gyven by them for the preservatyon of the sayd game.
    The bounder of Brodericke, beginninge at Swaters-hawghe N forde weste by the foote of Broderwicke hille, and then up the letche called the letche of Broderwic to a marche stone which ys at the heade of the letche, and from thence northward to an other graye stone with a crosse hewen in yt besides the head of Lee-rigg, and from thence northeward endelonge the mentyon of an olde dyke to a graye stone N which bathe bene taken up and laid upon the dyke, the same stone is marked lykewise with a crosse, albeyt the dyke ys marche, and then north-west alonge the sayd olde mentyon of the dyke called at this daye Brotherwicke dyke to an other graye stone lyenge in the highe waye at the gable butt yate, and then along the Grandge dyke to the tofte gate, from thence downe the dyke of Brotherwic to Hounden burne, from thence downe the burne to the pale of Warkeworthe parke alonge the pale to the water of Coquett at Swaters-haulghe, wher we did beginne.
    The tenants of this towne are verye poore men, not able to keipe themselves in horse and geare, althoughe such as have coppy are bounde to maneteane the sanie or else forfaite his tenure.
    They have dalye ther cattell goinge upon Warkworthe common, which adjoyneth upon the weste parte of ther sowthe field, by sufferaunce, without which they are not well able to lyve, for in auntyent tyme all the towne was but one tenement.
    There were `the scite of an old mantion house in old tyme ' and four tenements. John Turpin held of the lord, a tenement, garden, croft, and land, comprising in all 16 acres 2 roods, and paid the yearly rent of 16s. 8d. Thomas Hodgson held of the lord a tenement, garden, croft, and sundry selions of land, comprising in all 14 acres 1 rood, and paid yearly 16s. 8d. William Beadnell held in freehold a tenement, garden, croft, with 70 selions, comprising 12 acres. Thomas Hodgson held a tenement, garden, croft, and 41 selions of land, comprising 7 acres 3½ roods, belonging to the church of Brainshaugh, for which he paid a rent of 8s. a year, but to the lord nothing ` quia tenetur in elemosina.' There was a parcel of ground, containing about three acres, called ` the tofts,' supposed to appertain solely to the lord's two tenements, ` albeyt the other two tenants have nowe pasture in the grounde peaceably.' Possibly owing to the river banks having been enclosed within the park, there was not at that time any mill N within the township, and the inhabitants were `throwne to grynde their corne' at the lord's mill at Warkworth.
    The surveyor goes on to say that the question had arisen and should be decided by the earl, whether a certain tenement in Brotherwick, which was in the possession of George Carr N of Lesbury at the time of his death, had been enjoyed by him as appurtenant to the keepership of Warkworth park (in which case it should be assigned to Hugh Finch, the new keeper), for it was claimed by Robert Carr, to whom had been granted a lease of all the lands held by George Carr.
    In the survey of 1585 N the lands of the free tenants are more particularly described. Sir John Forster held one tenement and garden lately held by Thomas Hodgson, a close of arable land, 4 selions of land situated to the north of the garden of William Beidnell's tenement, 8 selions in the South-flat called Brockescroke, and 18 selions in the north field. This is doubtless the land formerly belonging to Brainshaugh chapel, and then farmed under the Crown by Sir John Forster. William Beidnell held a tenement with a garden or croft, 16 selions of arable land in the north field, 14 selions of arable land south of the Lang-rigges, 4 selions of arable land in Whyte-lees, 3 selions of arable land ` super le Lang-rigges,' 2 selions by the Hall-well, 10 selions in the south field, 5 selions nixta le snake hole,' and 12 selions in the Crokes, formerly held by Thomas Pinne.
    There were two tenants at will, viz., John Turpyn, who held of the lord, by copy of court roll, a tenement with a garden and croft adjoining it of one and a half acres, a moiety of a close of arable land near Brotherwick hill and Watershaugh containing 3 acres, 4 acres in the South-flat, 6 acres in the Whittelees and Lang-rigg, 2 acres in the Kirk-flat and in Key-butts, with common of pasture. The premises had been previously held by his father, John Turpyn, and before that by John Waght ; the yearly rent was 16s. 8d., and the fine payable that year was £4. The other tenant was Henry Hodgson, who with his tenement, garden, and croft held similar parcels in the various fields. His holding had been previously held by his father, Thomas Hodgson, and before that by Richard Maxon, and was also subject to a rent of 16s. 8d. and to a fine payable that year of £4. N
    On the 1st of April, 1595, John Browne writes from Alnwick to the earl of Northumberland :
   I have purchased for your lordship one of the three farms of Broderwyck at a very easy rate, and stand in great hope to get in the other two, all which, adjoined together and laid to your lordship's parke of Warkworth, will greatly enlarge and beautify the same and increase your lordship's profits 20 by year (at least) for ever, besides the case of your deer and many other great conveniences which your lordship could not well want, as in the plot N which I shall have ready for your lordship shall more easily appear. N
On the 26th of April of the same year Browne again writes to the earl : ` I have taken order for the [illegible] moiety of ye towne of Broderwick to your lordship's use for enlargement of your lordship's parke and profits at Warkworth.' And again, on the 10th of December :
   Concerning the purchasing of Broderick, I have gotten your lordship's two tennants, also Mr. Bednell's, who hath a freehold tenement in it, to take other land for theirs of your lordship in exchange. I know none fitter to give them than of those escheated tenements which in your lordship's book are mentioned. There wanteth nothing now to be gotten but Sir John Forster's [MS. torn] there, which I think also may easily be compassed either by purchase or ordinary incumbrance, as I shall show your lordship. How fit and commodious this is for your lordship I have heretofore told, and your lordship may perceive the same by the plot of Warkworth park. N
    The survey of 1616 N calls particular attention to the fact that the copy-hold lands were held of the lord by Lancelot Ogle, who also possessed the freehold, having evidently acquired the church lands from the Crown.
  Launcellot Ogle, gent., holdeth freely of his majestic part of the villag or town of Brothericke, and part as tenant to his lordship, whoe hath converted all the arable ground into pasture and denieth to distinguish his lordship's lands from his owne freehold, to the end (as it seemeth) to confound the one with the other, which, if they should not be severed whilst some (especially one man that knoweth the ground best) is living, it will be impossible (as it is thought) to divide them after. The particulars, as they are enclosed and divided by hedges and ditches, follow, viz. :
  A. R. P.
Twoe houses and garths lying together, said to be freehold contayning ... 1  1  10
Twoe other tenements and garthe holden of his lordship, contayning ... 1  1  15
  A. R. P.  
Meadowe, viz.: Northfeild meadowe ... 50  2  28  
Southfeild meadowe ... 34  0  34  
Sume of all the meadowe ...   84 3 22
Pasture, viz.: Hounden-close pasture ... 36 0 30  
The Toft pasture ... 12 0 15½  
South-close pasture ... 12 3 33  
Sume of all the pasture ...   61 0 38½
Common and wasts: The town-gate ... 4 0 18¼  
The common or moor ... 28 0 6¼  
Summe of the common or wast  ...   32 0 24½
Total ...   181 0 0¾


George Whitehead writing to the earl of Northumberland from North Shields on the 29th of October, 1616, says :
    Right honourable : Your lordship may please to understand that one Lancelot Ogle his soone is lately drowned, being of the adge of fourtene yeares.
    His father did purchashe thre tenementes in Brodericke, olde rent beinge 33s. 4d., of poore men, ther dwellinge, and for the more seurtie tooke the coppies in his soone his name.
    The soone beinge dead, I have mad seisure of the tenementes for your lordship, but he is unwilling to take them by leasse, and hopinge of soome good frendes to move your lordship in his behalfe, he is determined to make his repaire to your lordship to procure soome favour from your lordship.
    As I am bound by dewtie in this, as in all other your services, I must certify your lordship of the trothe, thoughe I wishe the gentleman well. The tenementes lyinge close togeather, ar well woorthe £16 by yeare at the least. They lye close to Warkwoorth parke, and verie fitt to be adjoyned as a parcell of demeisne therunto ; for your further pleasure hearein, that I must leave to your owne honourable consideratione. N
On the I7th of January following, Whitehead again writes :
     I have with much adoe compounded with Lancelot Ogle, upon the condicions your lordship told me of, for his lease of Brothericke at trebble rent, which wilbe a meanes to bringe on many or all I doute not, for he beinge nowe mad sure is bothe secret and honest, and by his example the rest wilbe reformed, for he gives it out it was your lordship's due to have it, and that he was advised by his councell to yield himself, and so hath promised me to persuade the rest. This course I held the best. N


    Nothing is known of the ` Mr. Oxenbridge ' who was rated for lands in Brotherwick in 1663, but very soon afterwards the earl of Northumberland's lands were held under lease by Matthew Bonner, vicar of Warkworth, who was apparently the owner of the freehold lands also. On the 8th of July, 1668, Matthew Bonner took out a licence to marry `Barbara Bonner,' and on the 20th of November, 1671, he took a lease of two tenements in Brother-wick from the earl. This lease was surrendered by Isabel Bonner, and a new one for the period of twenty-one years granted to her on the 15th of March, 1692/3. Isabel Bonner became the wife of Thomas Fenwick, fourth son of Robert Fenwick of Langshaw and Nunriding, and their son, Bonner Fenwick, was baptised at Warkworth on the 2nd of September, 1700. N Mrs. Fenwick was dead before the 16th of July, 1713, when a new lease was granted to Thomas Davison, yeoman, in trust for her son, John Fenwick, then an infant under age. In 1735, on the 1st of October, a lease for twenty-one years was granted to Thomas Fenwick (who seems to have been residing in London) N in consideration of a fine of £130 ; the rent was £6 13s. 4d. N An undivided third part of Brotherwick remained with the family of Fenwick of Nunriding until 1862, when it was purchased by the duke of Northumberland, the proprietor of the remaining two-thirds and lord of the manor, from Mr. E. M. Fenwick, N of Borough-hall, Westmorland.

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