He was the son of Samuel Burn, thirty-three years collector of customs at Berwick, who died at Warkworth 22nd of February, 1816, M.I. Mr. J. G. Burn married Margaret, third daughter of John Neasham of Houghton-le-Spring, who died s.p.
Henry Muers (father of John Muers) was baptised 23rd November, 1740, and married 31st October, 1769, Mary Dawson, Ibid.
Warkworth Register.
Duke of Northumberland's MSS
Warkworth Court Rolls.
Bamburgh Register.
Rev. John Hodgson's Collection
Warkworth Court Rolls.
Cf. Newcastle Courant, 4th August, 1828. The following is a list of the ministers of the Presbyterian church : Thomas McKaine (who ministered in a room in the village) died 4th February, 1827; 1829-1835, James Blair, son of the Rev. Blair, minister of Colmonell ; 1836-1854, James Duncan of Alnwick ; after his resignation he emigrated to Canada ; 1854-1870, William Stewart of Newcastle, after his resignation he emigrated to New Zealand. On the 21st June, 1871, the Rev. William Rogerson of Burnhead, Dumfriesshire, and of Edinburgh University, was ordained to and is the present minister of the Presbyterian church at Warkworth. There is a register of baptisms, beginning 27th June, 1815, and a manse was built in 1877.
1823, 1st October. At the Manor Court a licence was granted to the Rev. Thomas C. Winscom, vicar of Warkworth, to enclose a site to be staked out by the lord's bailiff for a school situated on the Butts in Ember to be held under the yearly payment of 6d. as a rent certain. School Papers. An account of the laying of the foundation stone appeared in the Newcastle Courant, 3rd April, 1824. Cf. Sykes, Local Records. School rooms for the infants and for girls were built in 1852 on land granted by the duke of Northumberland, who also gave 119 to the cost of building, the remaining 288 being subscribed by the parishioners and others. In 1840 Ann Walton of Redcar in Cleveland by will gave 100 to the vicar of Warkworth in trust for the infant school ; this sum is now invested in consols. School Papers.
Always called and advertised as `Warkworth Feast,' though it is now kept on the Sunday nearest to the 20th of August. See Allan, Tyneside Songs, 1891, p. 409, for a humorous song relating to it.
1772. Notice is hereby given that a market for corn will be held at Warkworth, on Thursday, the 30th inst, and continue weekly every Thursday. It may be expected that a considerable quantity of corn will be sold at the above place, as the buyers of that commodity have engaged to give due attendance. And as the butcher meat and all kinds of merchandise may be purchased on moderate terms, the farmer or his dependants may be served with every necessary, and transact their business with as much advantage as in the most opulent market town in the country. Newcastle Courant, 25th January, 1772.
Warburton MS. Duke of Northumberland's MSS.
Ibid. first election.
Ibid
In 1734 there voted for freeholds in Warkworth : Robert Anderson of Acklington, John Armstrong of Newton-on-the-moor, Thomas Baird, William Brown, William Carr, George Castles, Thomas Clark of North Shields, James Cook, Thomas Davison of Barnhill, James Dinning, John Donkin, Mark Elder, John Fawcus, Robert Fawcus, Ralph Fenwick of Warkworth Barns, William Gibson, William Gordon of Widdrington, Anthony Hall, Jesse Hall, and William Hall, all of Togston Low Hall, Thomas Hodgson, Michael Hogg, John Hudson, William Hudson, Thomas Hunter, John Huntley of Birling, William James, Andrew Lamb, Wilfrid Lawson, William Linton of Newcastle, Martin Milburn of Birling, George Moffat of Wooler, Thomas Nicholson, James Patterson, Thomas Rathy, John Robinson of Acklington, John Shanks, Joseph Shotton, Robert Shotton, Robert ruiner, Edward Valentine of Seaton Delaval, Thomas Valentine, Robert Watts of Newbiggin-by-the-sea, Robert Watts of South Blyth, William Weddell, William Wilson, Robert Wilson, William Wharrier of Berlin, Edward Williams of Newcastle John Widdrington of Newcastle, Edward Young, Edward Young (sic), William Young. Ibid.
Cf. Sykes, Local Records. A Prayer Book printed in 1706, which remains in the vestry of the parish church, contains the following entry : On Sunday, October the 9th, 1715, being the 17th Sunday after Trinity, the rebel forces were in possession of Warkworth. Forster, their general, sent to Mr. Ion, the vicar, to order him to pray for the Pretender and his family, which he refused ; on which one Buxton, the rebels' chaplain, took possession of the church and read prayers and preached. This is the very book he used.' An inscription on a joist in one of the inns in Warkworth purporting to relate to these events is of modern introduction and apocryphal.
Benjamin Bennet mentions that at Warkworth the rebels promised 12d. a day to all persons entering their service `except only the Presbyterians whom they expressly excluded from that honour.' `I know not of any remarkable piece of chivalry they did in any of these places, only their taking prisoner one Thomas Gibson, a whitesmith in Newcastle, who fell in with them between Morpeth and Seaton, and was carried captive from place to place, as the first fruits of their warfare. From Warkworth to Morpeth they set him on the bare horse pinioned ; and it seems, as he was riding through Morpeth in this condition, some of the company took occasion to divert themselves with the prisoner, pointing at him and calling him names, he crying, out, " For the hope of Israel I'm bound with this chain."' Memorial of Benjamin Bennet, Nonconformist minister, Newcastle, 1700-1727. Memoir of Ambrose Barnes, Longstaffe, pp. 459-460, Surtees Soc. No. 16.
In 1721/2 there voted for freeholds in Warkworth : James Anderson, William Brown, George Castles, Thomas Clark, John Collingwood, Thomas Cook, Thomas Davison of Barnhill, Thomas Dawson, John Davison, James Dinning, John Donkin, Mark Elder, John Fawcus, Robert Fawcus of East Thirston, Robert Gibson, Jesse Gordon of Widdrington, Jesse Hall, William Hall, Nicholas Hill, Thomas Hodgson, John Hogg, John Hudson, William Hudson, John Huntley of Birling, William James, Andrew Lamb of Old Moor, Wilfrid Lawson, Ralph Linton, William Linton of Newcastle, Martin Milburn of Birling, Thomas Nicholson, James Pattinson, John Pattinson, William Patterson, John Robinson of Acklington, John Rutherford, William Simpson, John Shotton, Joseph Shotton, Robert Turner of Guyzance, Edward Valentine of Wooden, Bartholomew Waugh, William Weddle, William Wilkinson of High Buston, William Wharrior, Edward Young, Roger Young, William Young. Poll Book.
Duke of Northumberland's MSS
Duke of Northumberland's MSS.
Stockdale's Survey, 1586. Duke of Northumberland's MSS.
Warkworth Court Rolls.
Duke of Northumberland's MSS.
Duke of Northumberland's MSS
Ibid. ii. p. 459.
Cal. Border Papers, Bain, ii. p. .380.
Duke of Northumberland's MSS.
Duke of Northumberland's MSS
Duke of Northumberland's MSS.
Cal. Border Papers, Bain, i. pp. 20-22.
P.R.O. Miscellaneous Books, Exchequer, xxxvii.
Togston.
The church of the parish was, at least as far as the nave was concerned, the parish hall, where meetings were held, and often where valuable agricultural produce, such as wool, was stored. The idea that a church was a sacred place, in which after divine service was over, no business was to be transacted, is not older than the movement which Laud instigated. Thorold Rogers, Economic Interpretation of History (1888), p. 144.
Noie, `noye,' drowned, overwhelmed, etc. Cotgrave.
In 1480 the tolbooth lay waste and yielded no profit. Bailiffs' Accounts.
Duke of Northumberland's MSS.
Arch. Ael. 4to series, iv. p. 162.
Ibid. p. 81.
Sanctuariuna Dunelmense, p. 75. Surtees Soc. No. 5.
Cartington's Rental, 14 Henry VII. Duke of Northumberland's MSS.
1525-1526. In decrease of farm of one burgage in Warkworth late held by [blank] belonging to the chaplain of St. Mary's chantry in the vill of Alnewick at 6d. yearly, in the lord's hands by default of tenant and of repair this year as last year, except 3d. levied from one selion of land belonging thereto, in the same two years, 6d. Bailiffs' Accounts, Henry VIII. Duke of Northumberland's MSS.
1488-1489. Farm of the common oven and toll of the vill of Warkworth, leased to Robert Hogeson, bailiff, 33s. 4d. 'Rekesilver' each house whence smoke issues 3d., 13s. 3d. Watersilver, farm of a brewery, 14d. `Assyse ale' the yearly rent of 6s. 8d. not answered for, because leased with the farm of the bakehouse, nil.
Duke of Northumberland's MSS.
This apartment or cell was within living memory occasionally used for the confinement of persons arrested by the borough constable as being drunk and disorderly. See also Newcastle Courant, 8th Feb., 1772.
It was cast into the river by certain idle persons, but the pieces were recovered and carried into the castle yard ; they cannot now he identified. Ex. inf. Mr. M. H. Dand. Cf. Wallis, Northumberland, ii. p. 355.
John Cook of Newcastle, who died at Norham 2 Ric. II. (1378-1379), left 20 marks towards the building of Warkworth bridge, if it were built within two years from the time of his making his will, otherwise the money was to be given to the bridge of Bywell. Bourne, Newcastle, p. 203. Wallis, Northumberland, ii. p. 355.
Inq. p.m. Henry Percy le Piere, 42 Edw. III. No. 48, vol. ii. 288 a. Arch. Ael. 4to series, iii. p. 110.
Inq. p.m. Henry Percy, 26 Edw. III. No. 52 a, vol. ii. 174 b. Arch. Ael. 4to series, iii. p. 107.
Rot. Pat. 24 Edw. I. Ibid. p. 271.
De Banco Rolls; 12 Edw. I. Ibid. p. 659.
Rot. Pat. 5 Edw. I. Duke of Northumberland's Transcript, p. 53.
Placita de Quo Warranto; p. 595 b ; Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. i. p. 159.
Inq, p.m. Roger fitz John, 33 Henry III. No. 66, i. p. 7 a. Arch. Ael. 4to series, iii. p. 97.
Leuca, a league. In Domesday Book, it is taken for a mile. New World of Words.
Ibidem est una parva placia ubi ii viveria sunt herbagium et curtellagium valent p.a. ii solidos. Viverium = vivarium is a place for storing animals as well as a stew pond for fish.
Benedict of Peterburgh, pp. 168-169. Jordan Fantosme, I. 1706-1709. Surtees Soc. No. II.
Proc. of Arch. Inst. 1852, ii. p. 273 n.
Newminster Chartulary, p. 212. Surtees Soc. No. 66.
Hartshorne, p. 187.
Placita de Quo Warranto. Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. i. p. 158.

[our note: "infangenthef" is the power of a Lord to inflict capital punishment on his tenants]

'For Warkeworthe common is of the lordship of Alnwicke geven to the burgesses of Warkworthe by Hewghe Morwicke.' Survey, 5 Elizabeth. Duke of Northumberland's MSS.
Alnwick castle museum, in lower chamber, No. 1023. Catalogue, p. 204. A creeing-trough is a stone mortar in which grain was creed [or shelled] until the husks came off. Wheat so creed was used for making frumenty. Cf. Heslop, Northumberland Words.
Alnwick castle museum, case I. No. 1014. Catalogue, p. 201.
The Rev. John Hodgson's Collection, and Sir David Smith's Collection.
The Census Returns are : 1801, 614; 1811, 568 ; 1821, 594 ; 1831, 614 ; 1841, 785 ; 1851, 834 ; 1861, 730 ; 1871, 765 ; 1881, 662 ; 1891, 666. Of the inns and public houses which existed in living memory, viz., the ` Sun ' hotel, the ` Hermitage ' hotel, the ` Mason's Arms,' the ` Black Bull,' the ` King's Head' (on Dial hill), the ` Queen's Head' (at the top of the village), the ` White Swan,' the ' Jolly Sailors,' and the `Lamb,' only the first four have retained their licences.
Poly-syllabical echoes are generally thought worthy of remark. We have two of these, very curious and uncommon. One is under the bank on the north side of the river Coquet, opposite to a farmyard by Mr. Clutterbuck's summer house at Warkworth. It will return seven notes from a German flute on a still evening. In a rough, unpleasant one, 30th September, 1761, it repeated six very distinctly. The arch or pillar of the bridge seems to give it. The other is at the same village, on an eminence by a small cottage on the same side of the river, opposite to the castle. It repeats the words, "Arma Virumque cano" (Virgil) very articulately, and six notes from the same instrument. The locus folysonicus seems to be the castle, from which it comes in such soft and pleasing harmony as if the castle was enchanted, and it was the voice of a syren.' Wallis, Northumberland (1767), i. pp. 7, 8.
 
Menu
 

HISTORY OF THE BOROUGH OF WARKWORTH

 

     Although Warkworth owes its chief interest to the castle, the beauties of its natural scenery and situation enhance the charm of the site. The castle itself occupies a commanding situation on the top of a hill up which the town climbs to the very foot of its outer walls, and the neighbouring country being flat, the donjon can be seen for many miles around, standing out conspicuously against the sea. Immediately below the keep, the green slopes of which are clothed with trees, the Coquet winds in graceful curves between two steep banks, round three sides of the hill and the haugh upon which the town of Warkworth stands. Upon the peninsula thus formed, the long street of the town, with its red-tiled and blue-slated houses, rises in slow and regular ascent from the bridge to the castle.

     Near the bridge is a quaint seventeenth-century house belonging to Mr. Thomas Clutterbuck, N which has very fine wrought iron gates and railings, and standing by it are some old and well-grown lime trees. Facing the street and occupying the site of four burgage houses, is a house and garden reconstructed about the year 1830, by Mr. John Forster, a native of the village, who, on retiring from the service of the great London brewing house of Calvert & Co., purchased part of the fittings of Brandenburgh house, the residence of Queen Caroline, and brought to Warkworth a bronze staircase, some marble chimney-pieces, and other furniture.
     The township comprises an area of 1,129 acres, the greater part of which lies on the south side of the river; though a piece of ground called Warkworth New-town (which will be more particularly described), stretching out as an arm towards the north-east and Warkworth Moor, and the old common pasture of the burgesses, extending like another arm to the south-west, are, both situated on the north bank of the Coquet.

     The southern part of the township contains the farms of Old-barns, New-barns, and the Maudlin farm, which comprise the chief part of its area and represent the lord's park and demesne lands. The population in 1891 was 666. N  Though the  moated mound of Warkworth  must doubtless have been occupied from a very early period, few traces have been found of the prehistoric inhabitants in its immediate neighbourhood. On the moor or common pasture there is an artificial mound, described by the Rev. John Hodgson as `hedged in by a vallum over the peninsula from one bank of the river to the other, and on the outside of the valium (about 200 yards over against Morwick mill) is a square encampment, each side about 50 yards, and defended by a ditch about 5 feet deep and 3 yards broad.' N

Eighteenth Century Iron Gates

 

EIGHTEENTH-CENTURY IRON GATES.

 
 

Old Warkworth Quern

    In 1854, in making a new road across the moor, a quern was found about a foot below the surface, near the same place. The lower stone is a circular disc of no great thickness, and the runner is of conical form, having at the top a cavity splayed outwards to receive the grain, and on the side near the bottom, a hole to receive the handle. N In the same year and near the same place a creeing-trough was found about a foot under the ground ; the cavity is 7 inches in diameter and is nearly 4 inches in depth. N

    The prescriptive borough of Warkworth comprises 77 reputed burgess houses, or the steads or sites on which burgage houses at one time stood. Besides his house and garden held in severalty, each burgess by immemorial custom enjoyed, as appendant to his house, certain plots of ground originally held by copy of court roll or by some other customary tenure, but which, for many years past, have been recognised as freehold. To the community belonged a common pasture or moor, asserted by tradition to have been given to them by Sir Hugh de Morwick. N The borough was governed by a grieve, chosen by the burgesses themselves, by a system of rotation, and appointed at the annual court leet, under whom served such officers as moor-grieve, bread-weighers, ale-conners, the townsherd, etc.

  WARKWORTH QUERN

 
 

      As in other similar cases, the castle has absorbed the attention of those, who, in time past, have written about Warkworth, but the history of the borough and community possesses a sufficient claim to be related.
The charter of Henry II. to Roger fitz Richard included the right of tol and team, soc and sak and infangenthef. N Warkworth had been farmed by the sheriff of the county, and on its dimission a definite allowance of 32 2s. was made to him as its then value. N In the twelfth century, salt-pans in Warkworth were granted to the abbot and convent of Newminster by Simon de St. Liz, earl of Northumberland, N  and others to the abbot and convent of Alnwick by Eustace fitz John. N  In the invasion of Northumberland in 1174, on Saturday, the 13th of July, the day on which William the Lion was captured at Alnwick, a detachment of his army, led by Duncan, earl of Fife, having entered and burnt the town of Warkworth, put the inhabitants to the sword under especially cruel circumstances. N
     In the inquisition taken in 1249, after the death of Roger fitz John, the jurors, who were Thomas ad crucem, Robert clericus, Henry de Botelesdune, Henry piscator, Robert son of Anning, William son of Alice, and Robert Scot, say that there were in demesne at Warkworth, 4 carucates containing 311 acres worth 5d. an acre, the sum 6 9s. 7d. ; and 15 acres of meadow worth 18d. an acre, including the head-riggs of the corn-land, the sum 22s. 6d. The ferm of the borough of Warkworth with that of the New-town was 3 18s. 72d. Each house of the borough and of the New-town (60 houses in all) was to find a man to reap for two days in autumn, the lord providing his food, or to pay one penny for the two days. The borough toll and brewing rent carne to 10s. ; the rent of the oven was 20s. The mill brought in the large sum of 26 13s. 4d., out of which the prior of Tyne-mouth received 2 by charter. The fishery, with a small vessel called a coble, was worth sometimes more, sometimes less, in that year 6. Three salt-pans yielded a rent in kind of eight quarters of salt, each quarter valued at 16d., the sum 10s. 8d. ; they also paid 3s. 4d. for a site of about half an acre. There was a small piece of ground divided into two closes L for keeping cattle ; the herbage and yard were worth 2s. a year. There was also a small round wood called Sunderland, half a league N in circuit, of which the herbage pertained to the demesne. Sum of the aforesaid vill, 44 12s. 11d., beyond 40s. which the prior of Tynemouth receives. N
    In 1293 Robert fitz Roger claimed to possess, and was allowed to have, a weekly market to be held on Monday, in his manor of New-town, near Warkworth, and a yearly fair to continue three days, viz., the eve, the day, and the morrow of the feast of St. Lawrence (10th of August). He also claimed to have wreck of the sea by custom anterior to the reign of Richard I., by prescription free warren in all his demesne lands in Warkworth, and the feudal rights and privileges of waifs, tumbril, and pillory, with the assize of bread and ale and the market tolls. N
    Several small suits relating to Warkworth are entered in the Banco and Patent Rolls in the early part of the reign of Edward I. Emma, the daughter of Henry de Brumfeld, claimed certain tenements from Robert fitz Roger. N Nicholas de Castelkirk was one of the defendants in a suit brought by Robert de Stutevill and Alianora his wife against Hugh de Eure and others. N Adam de Kynton and Christiana his wife claimed the moiety of a messuage from John de Weston. N
The vill of Warkworth was assessed on Z7 5s. 6d. to the subsidy of 1296 ; the payment fell upon eight persons only.

 

TAXATIO VILLAE DE WERKEWORTH AD UNDECIAIUM, 1296.

 
    .   s.   d.   s.   d.
Summa bonorum Rogeri de Haukislawe 0  14  0

unde regi

1  3
" Alani Holpot 1  7  0 " 2  5
" Walteri filii Willelmi 0  11  0 " 1  0
" Roberti de Morewike 0  12  0 " 1  1
" Johannis de Weston 0  15  6 " 1  5
" Ricardi Algode 0  18  0 " 1  7
" Wythe 0  15  0 " 1  4
" Willelmi Tendeman 1  13  0 " 3  0
Summa hujus villae, 7 5s. 6d. Unde domino regi, 13s. 2d.
  
     In the inquisition taken in 1310, after the death of Robert fitz Roger, it was found by the jurors that he had held the castle and vill of Warkworth of the king in chief by the service of one knight's fee. The ferm of the vill of Warkworth, which `is a borough from old time,' was worth 2 7s. 7d. per annum. There were some tenements newly let called the vill of the new borough, the ferm of which was worth . 1 16s. 4d. per annum. There were of demesne 120 acres of arable land, each acre being worth 6d., 3 ; 40 acres of meadow, each acre being worth 2s., 4. The common oven and the the king in chief in his demesne as of fee ` talliante,' by homage and fidelity, and by two knight's fees. The castle and manor were worth nothing beyond reprises. Fifteen score and 13 acres of demesne land were worth, at 6d. an acre, 7 16s. 6d. A certain separate pasture called ` Wollemer ' was worth and paid 20s. per annum. The rents payable out of the burgage houses were 5 1s. The water mill was worth 10 a year, the herbage of Sunderland wood 5s., and the court fees 7s. 4d. per annum. N
    Henry Percy the Short died at Warkworth on the 18th of May, 1368, in possession of the same demesne and other lands held by his father, but the rent of the pasture called Wolemere was reduced to 13s. 4d., and the value of the court fees to 6s. 8d. N

    The bridge by which the town is approached from the north was erected during the last quarter of the fourteenth century. N The best view of it is obtained from the north side looking westward, in which direction the gateway which surmounts the bridge at its south end, and the adjoining buildings, topped by the church spire, form a picturesque group.
   The bridge has two segmental arches, each having a span of 60 feet springing from a mid-river pier and land abutments.
   The water pier, standing on a stout base of several splayed courses, is hexagonal in shape, being angled towards the course of the river ; it is 22 feet wide by 40 feet to the extreme angles (or starlings) of the pier.
   The abutments have long wing walls extending up and down the river. The arches which spring from a chamfered impost are formed of four ribs, the outer ribs only being chamfered on their exterior edge, and above the latter are two chamfered oversailing courses forming towards the river an arch of three orders. The parapet which encloses the roadway, 11 feet in width, passes round the starlings or angles of the pier, and forms a recess or 'refuge' for foot passengers on each side of the middle of the roadway. Until about 1830 `an ancient cross with the arms of the Percies thereon ' stood in the east refuge or recess. N

Tower of Warkworth Bridge

 

Warkworth Bridge in Victorian Times

 
     The south end of the bridge was guarded by a small and simple gateway. It is not of the military type with large bastions, nor is it to be compared with the noble gateway to the castle beyond, or the examples to be seen at Alnwick. It is of two stories without buttresses or string-courses, and is now unfortunately devoid of parapet or machicolations. It measures on the exterior 27 feet 3 inches by 18 feet. The entrance, 10 feet wide, is by a four-centred archway of two chamfered orders continued to the ground, and opening into a passage, 11 feet in width, covered with a flat vaulted ceiling. An arched opening, in which is an old door, gives access on the west side of the passage to a porter's lodge measuring 12 feet 3 inches by 6 feet 3 inches, lighted by a slit at each end, and covered by a flat four-centred (almost segmental) vault springing from the ends of the apartment. N It has a stone seat at its north end. On the east side of the passage, a door opposite that on the west, opens into a stone newel-staircase, arranged in the thickness of the wall, which is here 5 feet wide ; elsewhere the walls are only about 2 feet 4 inches in thickness. The south end of the passage is finished square, the arch of one order, which encloses the vaulting, dying into the sides of the passage. The upper floor is roofless, and has been ` restored' ; it measures 22 feet 6 inches by 13 feet 3 inches, and was lighted by windows on all four sides ; three of these, two on the south and one on the west side, have chamfered and rebated jambs, and are 2 feet wide. Only a jamb of a window remains on the north side, where there may possibly have been two small or one large window. The staircase occupies the south-east angle of the room and projects into it, the space between it and the north wall forming a sort of ingle nook in which is a fire-place, and a small window affording a pleasant view of the river. There are three corbels 7 feet above the floor level in the angles of the room, which may have supported another floor, or with greater probability the roof. The staircase is continued to a higher level and no doubt opened on to the roof, which may have had a parapet and machicolation of which there is now no evidence. At the west end there are some stones which suggest a stepped gable. Portions of the east end of the upper chamber and the arch to the gateway and masonry near it have been restored.
 
 The Court Rolls of the. manor of Warkworth begin in 1473, N at which period the courts seem to have been held every month, though the steward's expenses were sometimes more than the profits. The following abstracts and details are taken from the documents :
 

WARKEWORTH.

   At the head court held on the Monday after St. Luke's day (18th of October), 1473.
   The jurors for Warkworth were : John Rosse, William Haysand, Thomas Haysand, William Hogeson, Thomas Hordon, William Smyth, James Robertson, John Androson, John Browster, Thomas Marshall, John James, William Cowik. They presented William Alanson, shoemaker, for making affray and shedding the blood of John Pennisson and his wife. William Gosetan, Richard Cook, Patrick Brown, William Cuthbert, William Wightman, Ralph Bailye, William Thomson, William Cowick, John Wherriour, Thomas Marshall, Robert Lyon, and William Milner were presented by the flesh-tasters and were amerced `pro factura assise ceruisie.' John Wherriour, William Cowik, Ralph Bailye, William Wightman, William Cuthbert, Patrick Brown, and Richard Cook were presented by the bread-weighers and were amerced `pro fractura assise panis.' Robert Beisby complained of Alan Clerke on a plea of debt.
   The jurors for Acklington were : William Male, Robert Wright, Robert James, John Sympson, Thomas James, Thomas Smyth, Thomas Clefeland, Robert Wright, Robert James, Robert Hudson senior, Robert Hudson junior, John Smyth.
    The jurors for Birling were : Richard Hudson, John Brown, John Hudson, Thomas Wharriour, Robert Page, John Brown, Robert Govet, Robert Brown, Nicholas Crowford, James Robertson. They presented Thomas Wherriour for keeping swine in the corn. John Paxton answered on a plea of trespass brought by William Buston. Henry Temple was amerced `quia utilis aliis molendinis.'
    The Birling jury presented Robert Page, John Brown, Robert Brown, Nicholas Crawford, Thomas Alder, and James Robertson for allowing their swine to stray in their neighbours' corn and they were amerced. Richard Hudson, Robert Page, Robert Brown, and John Brown were fined `pro equo suo.' Nicholas Crawford, Thomas Alder, James Robertson, and John Brown were fined for allowing their cattle to be amongst the corn at night. Thomas Wate complained against John Davy on a plea of debt. Ralph Bailze was amerced for making affray upon Elizabeth Wilkynson. Thomas Haysand was amerced pro fractura pene . . . . with his sheep. Alan Clerk complained against William Tempill on a plea of debt. Thomas Watson, Alexander Lilbourn, William Carr, .and Isabella Wardell `fecerunt finem pro respectu communis secte eiusdem relaxande pro denariis ut in capite.' John Haull and John James ` non fecerunt in officio suo debitam prescentacionem ideo ipsi in misericordia quia non tastarunt ceruisiam.'
    The jury presented John Wherriour 'disobediunt constabulariis paris ideo ipse.' William Male was elected grieve of Acklington for the forthcoming year, and was sworn. John Smyth, Thomas Smyth, William Gibson, and Robert Wright were elected to be the four jurors of Acklington. James Robertson was elected to be borough grieve of Warkworth for the forthcoming year, and was sworn. Richard Cook and Patrick Brown were elected to be the constables of the peace, and were sworn. John Young and Alexander Brown were elected to be bread-weighers (supervisores panis). John Hall and John James were elected to be ale-tasters (ad supervidendum ceruisiam). 'William the butcher and Robert Toderik were elected to be flesh inspectors (ad supervidendum carnem). Receipts of court, 14s. 4d. Expenses of John Cartynton the steward, 2s. 6d.
   At a court held on the Monday after Martinmas, 1473, William Buston did not offer to prosecute John Paxton for trespass.
   At a court held on the Monday after the 30th of November, 1474, Robert Page, Thomas Wherriour, and Robert Brown were amerced for not repairing the pinfold.
   At a court held the 12th of June, 1475, John Rohynson of Walk-mylne was amerced `pro interfeccione a salmon in aquis domini.' The grieve of the castle presented Thomas Haysand and others for rutting up the lord's meadows within the demesne.
   At a court held on Monday before the 29th of December, 1475, John Brown of Birling brought a plea of trespass against Robert Shiphird and his neighbours, tenants in Nether Buston.
   At a court held on the Monday after the 1st of November, 1479, Edward Hogeson was amerced quia non habet Jacobum Hill ad respondendum Thorne Fyssherre capellano in placito debiti et distringatur.'
   At a court held on Monday, the 18th of October, 1480, the tenants of Birling, by Thomas Warriour as their attorney, complained against William Mantle of Glowcistre in a plea of trespass. Four men were fined 2d. each `pro vendicione carnis contra assisam.'
 
    In 1474, 12d. was allowed to the bailiff for the repair of the lord's pinfold. A payment of 3d. from each house whence smoke issued due to the lord under the name of rekesylver' (which in 1472 and in the following years amounted to11s. 9d. a year) was from the year 1479, with a brewery rent of 14d. a year, termed ` watersvlver,' allowed to the burgesses to set against the loss of a parcel of their common enclosed within the lord's new park. The ` tolboth ' lay waste and yielded no profit to the lord in 1479.
   There were two burgages known as Saint Mary and the Holy Cross which had yielded a rent of 12d. a year to the lord, but which, in 1480, were let at 6d. a year. The common oven, the assize of ale, and the toll of the vill were let for 33s. 4d. a year. N
   The following list of tenants shows that a not inconsiderable number of the burgage houses were either in the dead hand or annexed to offices. The churchwardens of the parish held the large number of fifteen burgages, perhaps in trust for the poor ; the chaplains of St. Mary's chantry N at Alnwick held four ; John Scales, a chaplain (perhaps of the chantry within the parish church), held one ; the vicar held several ; and the keepers of the bridge held one. The borough rents amounted to 3 4s. 4d.
 

TENANTS IN WARKWORTH, 1498. N

Name of Tenant. Holding Yearly Rent.
s.  d.
John Wylson 2 burgages, 3d.... ... 1 selion in Endemyre -
Henry Hasand 1 burgage, 6d. ... ... 1 selion in Endemyre 3d  0  9
Richard Rose 1 burgage, 6d. ... ... 1 selion in Endemyre 4d 0  10
Agnes Rose 1 burgage, (waste) 0  6
In the lord's hands 1 burgage, (called Blakhall) -
William Brewster 1 burgage 0 3
The churchwardens 1 burgage, 5d. ... ... 2 selions in Endemyre 3d 0  8
William Smyth 1 burgage, 3d. ... ... 1 selion in Endemyre 3d 0  6
Gilbert Bell 1 burgage, 2d. ... ... 1 selion in Endemyre 3d 0  5
The churchwardens 1 burgage, 5d. ... ... 1 selion 4d 0  9
In the lord's hands, occupied
by Robt. Purveux
1 burgage 2  6
Robert Purveux 1 selion in Endemyre 0  3
John Medewe 2 burgages 0  9
John Jamys 1 burgage, 4d. ... ... 1 selion in Endemyre 3d 0  7
Henry Kyrkby 2 burgages 1  10
John Elder 1 burgage, 6d. ... ... 1 selion in Endemyre 3d 0  9
Joan Johnson 1 burgage, 6d. ... ... 1 selion in Endemyre -
Henry Hasand 1 burgage 0  9
The churchwardens 1 burgage 0  6
Robert Marshall 1 burgage, 6d. ... ... 1 selion in Endemyre 3d 0  9
The churchwardens 1 burgage, 6d. ... ... 1 selion in Endemyre 3d 0  9
Robert Barker 2 burgages 2  0
Henry Barker 1 burgage, ... ... 1 parcel of land called Wamboys 2  6
John Dover 1 burgage 1  6
The vicar of the church for various burgages  
John Bednell 1 burgage and 1 garden 10d... ...1 selion in Endemyre, 3d 1  1
Thomas Hudson of Hawkesley 1 burgage, 4d. ... ... 1 selion in Endemyre 3d 0  7
The chaplain of St. Mary's
chantry, Alnwick
1 burgage, 2d. ... ... 1 selion in Endemyre 3d 0  5
George Lylbourn 1 burgage 0 4
The churchwardens 1 burgage 0  2
In the lord's hands 1 burgage, waste, called Sclatehowe -
John Porter of Morwyk 1 selion belonging to said waste burgage 0  3
The widow of Wm. Brotherwyk 1 burgage, 3d. ... ... 1 selion in Endemyre 3d 0  6
In the lord's hands 1 burgage, waste -
The churchwardens 1 burgage, 6d. ... ... 1 selion in Endemyre 1d 0  7
John Scalys, chaplain New rent for 1 parcel of land, waste, late held by John Smothynge 0  6
The churchwardens 1 burgage 0  6
John Bedenell 1 burgage 0  6
The churchwardens 2 burgages 1  0
Waste 1 burgage with a garden, 3d -
In the lord's hands 1 burgage 0  8
George Percy 1 burgage, . ... ... 1 selion in Endemyre

 

1  6
The churchwardens 2 burgages 1  0
The bridge keepers (custodes pontis) of Warkworth 1 burgage, . ... ... 1 selion in Endemyre 0  6
The chaplains of St. Mary's
chantry of Alnewyk
1 burgage 0  2
Thomas Bedisman 1 burgage, 3d. ... ... 1 selion in Endemyre 3d 0  6
Thomas Wharryour, Robert Boys, Robert Wayte, the widow of Thomas Sterlynge, and John James 5 selions in Endemyre 1  5
Richard Hasand 1 burgage, . ... ... 1 selion 1  0
John Elder 1 burgage, . ... ... 1 selion 0  6
The churchwardens 1 burgage, . ... ... 1 selion 0  3
John Harbotell 1 burgage, . ... ... 2 selions 0  10
The churchwardens 1 burgage 0  2
John Theobald 1 burgage, . ... ... 1 selion 1  0
Henry Wayte 1 burgage, . ... ... 1 selion 1  6
Isabel Robynson 2 burgages, . ... ... 2 selions 2  0
John Dychand 1 burgage, . ... ... 2 selions 4  0
John Symson 1 burgage, . ... ... 1 selion 0  3
The chaplains of St. Mary's
chantry of Alnewyk
1 burgage, . ... ... 1 selion 1  0
Robert Milnere of Guysyns 1 burgage, . ... ... 1 selion 0  6
Robert Anderson of Grange 1 burgage, . ... ... 3 selions 1  0
Richard Boyse 1 burgage, . ... ... 2 selions 0  6
Richard Robynson of Morewyk 1 burgage, . ... ... 1 selion 0  9
he chaplains of St. Mary's
chantry of Alnewyk
1 burgage, 5d . ... ... 1 selion 5d 0  10
John Horden 1 burgage, . ... ... 1 selion 0  6
The churchwardens 2 burgages, . ... ... 2 selions 0  6
In the lord's hands 1 burgage, . ... ... 2 selions 4  0
Launcelot Clark, son of John Clark of Ambell 1 burgage, . ... ... 1 selion 0  6
William Greve 1 burgage, . ... ... 1 selion 0  7
William Goften 1 burgage, . ... ... 2 butts of lands in Endemyre 0  6
Thomas Haysand 1 burgage, . ... ... 1 selion 0  9
John Smothynge 2 burgages 2  0
     
Summa totalis firme burg. usque huc, 64s. 4d.
 
 

TENANTS AT WILL.

  s. d.
There is a smithy which formerly paid  *   yearly 0  2  4
A close called Poundeclose which formerly paid 0  2  0
A parcel of land called Saltegryse by the Cokett, occupied by the tenants of Ambell
formerly paying
0  3  0
Edward Radclyf, constable of Warkworth castle, for a close called Eglyshalgh 0  3  4
A parcel of land called Bowehalgh which formerly paid 0  0  6
John Scalys for two small closes near the chapel of St. Mary Magdalene 0  2  0
Edward Radclyf, constable, for the Est Mayns and West Mayns 10  6  8
Ibidem, the corn mill 8  0  0
Ibidem, the herbage of a park called Sunderland in the lord's hands besides the keep of the lord's wild animals (ultra sustentacionem ferarum domini in eodem) 2  0  0
Henry Barker, a common bakehouse with toll and stallage 1  6  8
In the lord's hands a garden of which the herbage and fruit is worth yearly *
A burgage next the castle in which the castle gate keeper lately lived. 0  6  8
 
Sum of the rents of tenants at will, 22 6s. 6d.
 
* blank.
 
    On the 22nd of May, 1517, there was a brawl near the walls of the castle between John Heron and Clement Ledyll of Warkworth on the one side, and Robert Wilson, Henry Wilson, Robert Smith, and Edward Arnold on the other. Robert Wilson was stabbed by Heron, who forthwith, wit his accessory Ledyll, fled to Durham, where on the 24th of the same month he obtained the sanctuary of St. Cuthbert. N Three years later, on the 5th of March, 1519/20, Alan Elder was so wounded on Bilton Moor by George Mayll of Warkworth (abetted by his townsman Anthony Heron) that he shortly afterwards died : both Mayll and Heron took sanctuary at Durham. N
    In the record of the muster taken in 1538, the township of Amble grouped with that of Warkworth ; out of the total number of fifty-five men provided by the two places only the officers and garrison of the castle and one or two others, making up the number of eight, were furnished ; the remainder were entered as able men, but wanting horse and harness.
 
WARKWORTHE WITH HAMBELLE MUSTER ROLL, 1538. N
 

Cuthbt. Carnaby, esquyer, constable of Warkworthe, and hys servnts.
Leonerde Myres, Robt. Kellett, Robt. Davyson, George Care, keper of Warkworthe park. Thomas Huntley, under keper of Acklington park; able with horse and harnes.
Robt. Davson, Georg Fynche, able with horse and harnes. Thomas Lyone, John Whaylle, Thomas Turner, Robt. Burnyng, Andrew Fawsyde, Thomas Wyghtman, Robt. Myllner, Cuthbt. Wightman, Water Wylie, Willme Coll, George Yong, Heire Hudson, Thomas Hall, Edmond Hewyston, Robt. Care, Thomas Wyghtman and William his son, John Dave, Thomas Hedley, Thomas Blaykstay, Pet. Hunt, Joh Wyllson, Robt. Halle, Willme Proffete, George Herryson, Henry Davson, John Allenson, John Wyghtman John Wyllson, Wyllme Franchez, Thomas Proffett, Willme Ellder, John Dychame, Thomas Ersden, Ed. Landyll, Thomas Redell, Robt. Hudson, able men wanting horses and harnes.
WARKWORTH: Ed. Hudson, Thomas Horden, Thomas Monk, Henry Lyddyll, Thomas Stelle, Thomas Wryght, Robt Mastayn, Leonard Brdon, Rolande Hurdilton, John Aynsley, able men wanting horse and harnes.

  
 
    A survey made about the year 1567 N possesses, besides its intrinsic value, a special interest in the side-lights cast upon the district and it inhabitants. The violence of the Coquet in flood time, and its changing course, the old haven at the foot of the New-town, and the traditional settlement of the latter with fishermen, are noticed, as is the export trade of coal and grindstones. In the town the old tolbooth lay waste ; N there had been a moot-hall, but even its site was forgotten, and for want of a more suitable place the manorial courts were customarily held within the parish church, though it was inconvenient for such a purpose ; the bridge masters (custodes pontis) still survived and possessed a freehold burgage as an endowment.
 
      At the first situation of the said borowghe, before the same was inhabited, yt was thought that in all the lordship of Warkworth there was not one so mete a place to be founde like the scyte of a borowghe as it is wher nowe the same is situate and builded for divers considerations, first beyng situate upon the said ryver Cockett wherein the sea hath course to ebbe and flowe, and also not farre from the haven or water mowthe, which at that tyme ranne forthe at on parcell of grounde nowe called th' old haven to the sea, and not farre from the iland Cockett, which was not onely one greate streinght for the haven diverse wayes but also betwext the said iland and the land, shippes, crayers or boates might and yet may well have place called a rode-stead to rydde in by auncre in saveftye unto such tyme the tyde did serve to goo into the said haven or abyde the wynde to serve them in the vyadge, in fishinge or else where, and for that at that tyme, as nowe, were also requisite was thought good for diverse causes those persons which sholde trade ther traffique by sea as maryners or fishermen (owners of shippes and merchaunts onely excepted) sholde inhabyte and dwell together, evene so was sett forthe one parcell of grounde for theme to inhabit upon, as this daye called the Newe-towne, and nowe, althoughe not inhabited, the grounde or rigge therof is nowe used and occupyed by the burgesses of Warkeworth (althoughe at the lord's will as herafter appeareth yet) in like sorte as they occupye their burrowe garthes, parcell of ther said browghe, and burgages, and as the same parte of that browghe which is betwixt the castell and the bridg was appoynted for th' inhabytinge of such as was merchaunts and other handye-crafts-mene, as well for the utteringe and sale of ther wares, as also for lodging of such persons as had or shold have occasion to resort they, even so suche as sholde occupye and trade the seas, dwellinge at the sayd place called Tenter-hewghe and the New-towne, sholde alwayes be nere the haven, and see ther ships and . . . . ..  . . . [line missing]. .  . . .  . . . . Within this lordship, verie nighe the said castell and browghe, is diverse things to be had for the comodety of suche persons as used ther traffique or trade of gettinge ther livinge by sea, as coale mynes, grynde-stone quarells, with diverse others which neadeth not here to be resyted, besyde suche thinges as by th' industrye of persons which bathe knowledge therm might be had, and as the premyss did gyve unto suche as wer of gret wysedom at the begynnynge to plante ther borowes in such apte and mete places as this borowghe of Warkworth is sett and planted in. Evene so as yt ys all togethers as well to the lord's comodetye of that lordship, the welth of the inhabiters ther, the profite and comforts of th' inhabitors of the whole countrye, likewise we, consideringe our duety to God and neighbor, may be ashamed-not to go thorowe and accomplishe those things founde owte for our welth by suche as before us hath bene, but rather abolyshinge and neglectinge the same we permytt and suffer ourselves throughe idlenes to be noiated N and called th' abject of this lande and continually livinge in penury and distress. 
    The said borowghe of Warkworth is strongely situate in ane angle as befor. If the course of the sayd water of Cockett wer at the west syde of the sayd borowghe stayed, as yt easily may be, so that the grounde of the burgage ther nor of any place adjoininge to the same would not by vyolence of the sayd water be worne awaye, in likwyse the water having the course to the west syde yt sholde growe so deph, there shold be no passage ther, nor lykwyse one no parte of the back syde of the sayd borowghe yf the passage at the bridgesend were stopped, and also at Helsaye forde, and one stone walle and on good payre of gates in the same for the passadge from the . . . [illegible]. .  . .towardes the sowth the sayd walle to be mad from the kilne howse to the castell moyte then sholde the tow . . . [illegible]. .  . .

*             *              *             *            *

   The burgesses of Warkworth have one common pasture ground lyinge one the west syde of the water Cockett on the north syde of Morwick which ther auntecessors had by the gift of Sr Hewghe Morwyke the lord of Morwyck, the said ground because it lyeth without the sight of the towne of Warkworth, and also that yt ys all open yt ys eaten and surcharged with the cattell of Morwyck, Walk-mylne and Brodderwyck, so that the said burgesses have but small comoditye therof, yt ys against ail reason that yt shold be so used with th' inhabiters of the sayd towne, for that if right they have not challenged no comon nor pasture therein, for the said burgisses do, and of auncyent tyme forthe of memorye have been accustomed to, goo aboute the hounder of the sayd cocoon ground every yeare upon St. Marke's day, and yf they did fynde the same grounde digged or tyrved by any of the sayd townshipps they wer greavously amerced at the lord's courte, and yf they did fynde any of the cattell pasturinge within the sayd comon they either did bring them to the comon pounde at Warkworthe, or at least drove theme forthe of the ground of the sayd comon, and took seurty of th' owners therof to aunswer at the court of Warkworth for there trespasses.

*             *              *             *            *

      And wher in auntyent tyme ther hath bene within this borowghe of Warkworth one house to keep the lord's courte in, called the mute-hall, nowe in these our dayes ther is no suche place within the said boroughe, for the said mute-hall bath tyme forthe of memorye bene in ruyne and decaye, the mention of the scite therof nowe not well to be knowen, so that nowe in these our dayes we doe keape the lord's courte in the churche, N one place which was never builded for such a thinge and is as unfitt for the purpose, it wer good his lordship's courte were keapt within the castle, and especilly when his lordship were absent and did not lye there, unto such tyme as God provyded to encrease in better order and that ther wer a howse buylded for one courte-house or mute-hall as in tyme auntyent yt bath bene as befor ys declared.

*             *              *             *            *

    My lord hath all manner of ryaltyes within his lordship of Warkworth, as also wreck of the sea, jeatson, flotson and the like, if ther wer any trade of shippinge or transportinge of any kinde of merchandize unto and from this haven or boroughe of Warkworth, his lordship have custome called chevagiu(m), and also of all suche boats coming within the haven aforesaid, which is to be repected in the like order as yt ys in the havyne of Alemowthe, in the tytle wherof all such auntyent custom and dewtyes ys fully and at leingth declared.

*             *              *             *            *

    The tennants of this lordship be for the most parte nether well horsed nor yett have good armour, wherfore it is much convenyent they shold be mustered by the counstable taking vyewe of them, and cherishing suche as doe dewtifully serve with good and able horses having good armour ; th' other to be warned and have daye gevin unto them for to prepare theme with such armour and horses as by ther copyes they are bound to serve his lordship with all, under the penaltye conteyned in ther sayd copyes, oneles povertye requyer a further tyme for suche to provyde theme with the premises.

*             *              *             *            *

    The poverty of this towne or broughe of Warkeworthe ys to be respected, for considering the gret resort vs alwaye of gentlemen, as also others of mean degre, to his lordship, which wilbe rather the more the tyme of his lordship's abode in the castell of Warkeworthe, for diverse considerations, for the which yt ys much necessarye that ther shold be lodgings provided for theme, which in no wise may be helped withowt the burgisses therof be, by some means, benyfitted and helped so that they may be the more of ability, and have to pleasour straungers withall then nowe ys apperteaninge unto them, which by no way can be oneles my lord gratify them with some comodetye and cause suche old auntyent orders be newly taiken, as was at the first tyme the sayd borowghe was playnted which be these than followe, viz. :
    First, that wher ther be nowe remayninge within the said broughe, as partely is before toutched, many persons . . . [illegible]. .  . .are not artificers but seake ther livinge by other means and trade, such are not to be permitted to remayne and dwell therein and to consider the quantite of the towne, the nombre of burgesses, and then place so many artificers to inhabit the same, so they be of such science and craftes as is most able to wynne ther lyvinge in the same, and so many of every occupation as shalbe thought meate and expedyent, and wher ther he diverse burgage of small quantite and will not serve for lodginge for strangers on parte of them to be laid to others and so make fewer of theme in nombre, th' other parte to remaine to be dwellinge howses of suche as wilbe caryers of salte, badgers of corne, or serve other for ther money, whom the comon-welthe cannot want, this done, the New-towne plainted with fishermen, the coalefeldes at Doxden N and other places of this lordship wrought, the free stone quarrells for gryndstone, the salmon fishing mainteyned, no kipper slayne alonge the water of Cockett nor in little becks which runeth into the same, the. . . [illegible]. .  . .which is but. . . [illegible]. .  . .pase over casting broad and deape and the course of the water stopped on bothe sydes, beneaghe the same, which is easy to be done, and my lord of his goodnes to gratifye the said burgisses with the west demaynes, towle and stalladge, as also the burowe rent, payinge his lordship and his heyres his old auntyent rent of assize, then will ther be sufficient deapness of water, within the haven, and water that shipps of indifferent tunnidge or portadge, may come nighe the towne and have lastadge sufficient for the full lodding of ther ships, the sayd demaynes casten in closinge, inclosed with quickwood dick, devided indifferently among the said burgesses . . . [remainder unintelligible]. .  . .
 
 
    Edmund Hall and William Humberston who were at Warkworth on the 19th of May, 1570, reported that:

 

  The borough standyth on the north parte of the castle at the foote of the hyll, meanly buylded and inhabyted wyth many poore men which have no trade of lyvyng but onely fyshyng to the sea, and some land not suffycyent to maynteyne ther famyly, for the most parte of the landes in Warkworth ys in demeane and graunted by the lord to fermors which use the benefyte therof according to ther graunt. N
 
    Grouped under the head of the lordship of Warkworth, the following townships furnished a total of twenty-eight men at the muster of the Middle Marches on the 2nd day of May, 1580, viz.: Birling, seven ; High Buston, eight ; Acklington, five ; East Thirston, two ; West Thirston, three ; Guvzance, two ; Warkworth, one. N
    The following list shows the names and the nature and value of the holdings of the tenants in 1585-1586 N
 

THE BOROUGH OF WARKWORTH.

Tenant Previous Tenant Holding Yearly Rent
  s.  d.
Agnes Huntley, widow Thomas Huntley 1 burgage with 1 selion 0  6
John Alexander ... ... ... 1 burgage called the smithy house 1   0
Nicholas Mylner Robert Mylner 1 burgage with 1 selion 0  10
John Cowle George Dawson 1 burgage with 1 selion -
Robert Cowle Thomas Dawson 1 burgage with 1 small waste -
Edward Howatson Ibid. 1 burgage called the Black hall 2  3
Elizabeth Gofton Ibid. 1 burgage with 2 selions in Endmyre 0  8
Nicholas Howatson The churchwardens 1 burgage with 2 selions in Endmyre 0  8
Ibid. Edmund Howatson 1 burgage with 1 selion in Endmyre 0  6
Ibid. Robert Burnegale 1 burgage with 1 selion in Endmyre 0  5
John Wightman (under age) Thomas Wightman 1 burgage and 1 selion called the Churchwarden land 0  9
Heirs of John Taylor The said John Taylor 1 burgage with 1 selion in Endmyre 2  9
Widow Hall St. Mary's chantry 2 burgages 0  9
John Browell Ralf Hodshon 1 burgage with 1 selion in Endmyre 0  7
William Carre   1 burgage 0  1
Thomas, son of John Taylor His father  2 burgages with 1 selion 1  9
Robert Todde William Todde 1 burgage with 1 selion in Endmyre 0  9
William, son of Widow
Jackson
Yonge 1 burgage 0  6
Robert Finche  George Davy 1 burgage 0  9
Ibid. His father 1 burgage 0  6
Nicholas Barker Himself 1 burgage with 1 selion in Endmyre 0  9
The widow of Nicholas Finche ... ... ... ... 1 burgage with 1 selion in Endmyre 0  9
Thomas Barker   1 burgage with 1 selion in Endmyre 1  6
Cuthbert Hodshon His father 1 burgage 1  6
John Mullen   1 burgage 1  6
John Finche   1 burgage 1  8
Thomas Hoppyn Himself 1 burgage and 1 garden, with 1 selion
in Endmyre
1  1
Robert Finche    1 house on the site of the vicarage 3  4
The widow of Nicholas Finche   1 burgage and 1 selion 0  7
William Barker   1 burgage or house called Wamobes and 1 selion 0  6
William Finche The churchwardens 1 burgage and 1 selion 0  5
The heirs of Thomas Huntley   1 burgage 0  4
Richard Steyle Thomas Davy 1 burgage with 1 selion in Endmyre 0  6
Thomas, son of Robert Davy, decd.   1 burgage with 1 selion in Endmyre 0  6
Robert Finche   1 burgage with 1 selion -
Richard Smith The churchwardens 1 burgage with 1 selion 0  7
Robert Hall Widow Tomson 1 burgage 0  7
John Wright Widow Hunter 1 burgage 0  6
Heirs of Robert Beidnell   1 burgage 0  6
John Finche Elizabeth Finche 2 burgages and 1 garden 1  11
John Watson John Robinson 1 burgage with 1 selion 1  6
Thomas Meadowe The churchwardens 1 burgage 0  4
Widow Lighton and Roger
Lighton
Robert Lighton, husband
of Widow Lighton
1 burgage 0  9
Thos. Prophet and Ric. Gofton The keepers of the bridge 1 burgage with 1 selion 0  6
Thomas Davyson The chantry there 1 burgage 0  2
John Watson John Cairbarne 1 burgage with 1 selion 0  6
Robert, son of Edwd. Hall. His father 1 burgage with 1 selion 1  0
Robert, son of Thos. Wylson Ibid. 1 burgage with 1 selion 0  6
John Muncke Thomas Johnson 1 burgage with 1 selion 0  3
Guy Finche The churchwardens 1 small house 0  2
Thomas Bayard   1 burgage with 1 selion 1  0
Bartram Wightman   1 burgage with 1 selion 1  6
William Elder   2 burgages with 2 selions 2  0
James Cley, son of Agnes wife of Roger Cley   1 burgage with 1 selion 0  3
Christopher, son of Thos. Earsdon.  In right of the chaplain
of Alnwick
1 burgage with 1 selion 1  0
John, son of Wm. Maxon of
Guyzance ...
  1 burgage with 1 selion 0  6
John, son of George Singleton   1 burgage with 2 selions 0  6
William Anderson   1 burgage with 3 selions 1  0
Heirs of William Johnson of
Grange
Formerly John Wylson 1 burgage with 1 selion 0  9
John Hall The chaplain of St.
Mary's there
1 burgage with 1 selion 0  5
John Wilkinson Ibid 1 burgage with 1 selion 0  5
Edmund, son of Thos. Horden His father 1 burgage with 1 selion 0  6
John Bayard The chaplain of Alnwick  2 burgages with 2 selions 0  6
Matthew Browne Margaret Broderwick 1 burgage with 1 selion 0  6
Martin, son of Thos. Wight
man
  1 burgage with 1 selion 0  6
Richard Gofton   1 burgage with 2 selions 0  6
Nicholas Sainct   1 burgage with 1 selion 0  9
Thomas Wright John Sauthing 1 burgage 0  8
Leonard Steyle Ibid 1 burgage 0  8
William Turner Ibid 1 burgage 0  8
       
Summa of the burrowe rentes aforesaid by yeare 2  17  7
 
 
The survey proceeds to state that :
 
    The lordes of the said castle manor and lordship have had, and alwaies used to have, Court Baron from three wekes to three wekes, and Court Leet two times in the yeare, viz., within one moneth next after Easter and within one moneth next after the feast of St. Michael th' archangle, together with all liberties, royalties, and privileges belonging the same lete : with free warrant of fishing and fowling, hawking and hunting throughout the whole manor and lordship aforesaid, and all felones' goodes and the goodes of fugitives and outlawes, the goodes of felons of themselves and deodandes, all goodes wayved, goods estraied, bloods and fraies and the correccion of the breakers of th' assize of bread and ale, and other royalties whatsoever happening within the said manor.
    The lord and his ancestors have, and time out of memorie alwaies have had, and used to have, all sea wreck happening within the said manor and lordship ; the profit of ancorage of everie ship or great boat comeing and landing within the same ; and the custome or toll called thenagium of all or anie goodes and wares sold forth of anie ship, boat, or crare lying and being within the limits of the said manor and lordship. N
 
In the month of June, 1591, a ship was driven ashore at the mouth of the Coquet under circumstances detailed in the following letter dated the 15th of June, written by William Fenwick (one of the earl's officers) to the earl of Northumberland :
 
   Right honorable : Maye yt please your lordship to be advertised that upon Sundaye at night last there was a pynnis dryven in at Cockett mowthe, which the companie doo alledge doth apperteign unto my lorde of Bathe, and I understandinge therof beinge at Alnewick made my repaire to the place where she was with the ayde and assistance of the towne of Alnewick and other of your honour's men theraboots, and cominge to them demaunded what comission they had to goo unto the seas, could shewe none, whereupon I cawsed the said shipp to be seased upon and brought as nighe unto Warkworthe as any water would serve withall, which said shipp was furnished with beare and biscatt and other victualles and nothinge elles of any value except two mucatts and some other fyve or vj small peeces, and therupon I have cawsed the sayles and other impliments of the said shipp to be brought and layed up in your honor's castle of Warkworthe and stayed the said shipp at Cocket mowthe and have broughte the company which were in the said shipp unto Sr. John Forster, lord warden of the Middle Marches, to be examined ; whose examinacions I send your honour here inclosed, the coppie wherof the said Sr. John Forster hath sent unto my lord admirall, and after their examinacions taken I have comitted the said companie to the castle of Alnewick; my doings and procedings wherein I thought I could doo no les but signifie unto your honour that yf there be anye forfeture fownde, your honour, havinge intelligence as the case dothe stande, maye clayme that which to your honour justly apperteigneth. N
 
Not long after, Sir John Forster, writing from Alnwick to Lord Burghley on the 19th July, 1591, asks for directions for the speedy trial of...
 
   ..the sixteen men driven ashore at Warkworth, who lie here in great misery desiring their trial, and I am greatly troubled keeping ten men to watch them and other charges, having no fit gaol to keep them in ; seeing that the matter belongs to the admiralty, I beg direction either for their speedy trial or that they may be taken to Berwick within my lord chamberlain's rule as vice-admiral. I have written to Mr. Bowes to certify you and the council what the king of Scots can lay to their charge, not knowing what he has done, but I trust you will disburden me of keeping them any longer. N
 
   Six years later, in the autumn of 1597, the discipline of the wardens seems to have been relaxed, for Tobias Matthew, bishop of Durham, writes to Lord Burghley, on the 24th of November, suggesting that Mansfield, an officer of Lord Eure, and Mr. Percy, constable of Alnwick, should be called upon for an explanation `how it comes that for these two months or thereabouts the Scottish and English thieves are quietly allowed to ride from the head of Liddesdale through Redesdale to the very sea syde at and about Warkworth, as it were traverse by a diameter throughout Northumberland, over and over, againe and againe, without impeachment.' N
    In a survey made in 1616, N the township was computed to have an area of 1,134 acres : the lord's demesne lands, etc., comprised 786 acres, the waste and common lands 265 acres, and the remainder was occupied by the street and by the houses, gardens, garths, and closes of the burgesses, and by their lands in the New-town.
 
   The site of the borough town of Warkworth beginning at the bridge there which is built of stone, with two arches being ten perches and a half long and one perch broad, with a gate house of stone at the south end thereof and a prison in the same.
   The names of the burgesses beginning `at the north side of the same streete and going south' : George Peaton, John Allison, John Barker and John Smith, John James, Richard Gofton, Daniel Laing, Elizabeth Watson, George Hall, Robert Wilson, Thomas Harper, Edmond Finch, John Finch, John Beard, John Finch, Christopher Elder, William James, John James, John Wilkinson, Roger Taylor, Robert Haddon, Thomas Singleton, John Mill, John Hall, John Wilkinson, Edmond Hordon, Thomas Anderson, Thomas Clark, Thomas Wright, John Hall, William Turner, George Whitehead (the kiln-house), Andrew Taylor, William Hordon, Hugh Saint, William Cowper.
   `Going back again to the west row and so forward to the church' : Thomas Lewins, John Milines, William Dennet, John Cowle, Thomas Gray, ibidem, Richard Gofton, Cuthbert Dickinson, James Bell, George Stott, Roger Taylor, Thomas Nixon, John Tweedy, William Wright, Robert Gofton, Margaret Taylor, George Cocke.
   `To a lane called Todd's Lane and so forward to the church' : Charles Brewell, Robert Mallery, Robert Finch, ibidem, Edmond Finch, ibidem, Agnes Barker, Cuthbert Hodshon, Brian Hodshon, John Lawson.
     Mr. John Warewick,. vicar, a tenement being parcel of his lordship's demesne.
   `To a lane leading from the street to the river' : Vicarage and garth ; the church yard and site of the church ; `a little yard wherein standeth the ruins of a decayed chappell.'
   `Beginning at the east end of another short row and going west towards the cross' : John Finch, senior, `a decayed messuage and a backside lying now together, with the fore mentioned chappell yard, containing 1 rood 10 perches.'
   `A lane that leadeth to the church' : John Wright, William Straker, Thomas Lewins, John Smith of Acklington, Robert Finch, Robert Davy of Birling, Thomas Lyndsay, Henry Finch, ibidem, John Finch, Robert Barker, Edmond Finch a house stead and garth near the church style.
 
The following is a brief collection of the yearly rents, etc., of Algernon, earl of Northumberland, in the barony of Warkworth in 1635 : N
 
  s. d. s. d.

Free rents in Warkworth

  1  12  11
Borough rent, with the rent of the bakehouse   4  11  11
The rent of the park   30  0  0
The rents of the demesnes   130  18  6
The rents of the mill, the Coquet fishing, and the sea fishing   240  18  6
The rent of Acklington park   53  0  0
Tenement and cottages' rents in Acklington   53  12  2
Tenement and cottages in Birling   42  7  10
Rent in New-town, 5 15s 3d. ; Buston, 9 ; Brotherwick, 1 3s. 4d.   16  8  7
     

Deductions :

   
To the bailiff for his fee per annum 3  0  8  
To the borough grieve for collecting the borough rent, per annum 1  6  8  
     
    4  7 4
There remains clear the sum of :   541  4  7
     
 
At Easter, 1667, the following tenants answered at the manor court : N

 

WARKWORTH COURT ROLL (EASTER), 1667.
 

`Warkworth borough': Thomas Cook, Jane Elder, William Nicholson, Edward Huntley, Lionel Lawson, John Kirton, Margaret Watson, Matthew Shotton, William Armorer, Peter Bush, William Brown, Katherine Wood, William Elder, jun., George James, Henry James, Gilbert Cleugh, Christopher Bard, William Taylor, John Bard, Thomas Mill, Isabella Hogg, Henry Wilkinson, Thomas Bard, Thomas Anderson, John Donkin, Thomas Robinson, Thomas Dining, Nicholas Lewin, gent., John Saint, Elizabeth Scroggs, Dorothy Cleugh, Richard Taylor, Nicholas Lewin, Thomas Harrison, Isabella Hogg, Martin Turner, Thomas Turner, Martin Brown, Thomas Davey, Christopher Gibson, Thomas Clark, Barbara Anderson, William Gibson, Anne Cleugh, the heirs of William Fenwick, Roger Simpson, John Huntley, George Cook, Thomas Browell, Mary Osmotherley, Robert Widdrington, ibidem, ibidem, Richard Lisle, Thomas Warwick, William Mill, John King, Bryan Hodgson, Henry James, John Heslehead, William Finch, Elizabeth Lindsey, William Robinson, Thomas Elder, John Dinning, William Elder, John Collingwood, Hodgson, Catherine Wood, ibidem.

  
 
The extracts are taken from the Court Rolls of this period :
 
    1681, 22nd October. We present the surveyor of the highways, viz., William Elder, jun., for not observing his office in giving warning to amend the street and highways according to the statute; we therefore amerce him 3s. 4d.
    1693, 12th October. Whereas we have amerced Ellianor, the wife of Robert Swann, for abusing the jury, and for a turbulent and abusive scold amongst her neighbours, and amerced her 16s. 8d. Wee doe order that if for the future she persist in scolding and abusing her neighbours, and give any of her neighbours unbecomeing and unseemly words, we doe unanimously agree and further order that immediately after her abuse that the constable within the burrough of Werkworth shall forthwith take her and bring her to the ducking stooll, and then punish her according to the law in that case made and provided. And we doe order that the bayliff or burrow greive of the said burrowe doe give him, the said Robert Swan, notice hereof, as also the said Ellianor, to the intent she may avoid the penalty and punishment of the law.
    1700, 16th October. Wee doe therefore order noe person or persons inhabitting or residing within this burrough, and village or hamlet of Birling, shall for the future harbour or entertain any Scotts men or women or any other strainger whatsoever within any of their seavrall and respective burgages or dwelling houses, or in any part or parcell of their farme houses or any other dwelling houses whatsoever, untill the owner, farmer, or occupier of any such lands or tenements shall first repaire to Mr. William Milbourne, the lord of this mannor's officer for the time being, and give him such reasonable security as the law requires, or els to forfeit 39s. 11d. a peece.
    1711, 12th October. Barbara Milbourne, Thomas Cook, and James Pattison for refusing and denying the ale-taisters to examin whether their ale was wholesome according to their office. Wee amerce them as on their heads, 2s.
    William Grumwell for vending white bread wanting 3 ouncess and half of weight in one penny loafe, wee amerce him 12d.
    1732, 12th October. Michael Hogg and William Browne, ale-conners, for being remiss in their office in not insisting upon a quart of ale and paying 1d. for it when goeing about the town to taist the ale, wee amerce them 12d.
 
    The burgesses of Warkworth were originally copyholders, paying to the lord ` upon every surrender or alienation one year's rent of every such burgage so alienated or surrendered, and for relief after the death of every such burgess one year's rent.' N They do not find a place in the exhaustive list of freeholders in Northumberland preserved in the Book of Rates in 1663, though forty-seven years later they were recognised to be such.
    The earliest Poll Book for Northumberland which has survived shows that at the election of the knights of the shire on the 23rd of October, 1710, forty-four persons voted for freeholds at Warkworth :
 

David Linn, William Ramsay, Bartholomew Waugh, Edward Young, John Shotton, Cuthbert Collingwood, Thomas Hodgson, John Wilkinson, Robert Wilson, Robert Shanks, Mark Elder, John Lamb, John Donkin, John Huntley, Matthew Shotton, John Saint, James Pattison, Robert Gibson, Robert Anderson, William Brown, James Rathey, Robert Davison, William Wharrier, John Fawcus, George Castles, John James, Thomas Baird, Francis Warwick, Thomas Nicholson, John Wood, Robert Watts, Thomas Clark, John Hudson, John Donkin, and John Turner, who all loyally polled for Lord Hertford; Edward Valentine, Thomas Cook, Henry Younger, Jesse Gordon, Ralph Linton, Robert Fawcus, and William Weddell split their vote between Lord Hertford and . . . . Ogle ; Nicholas Lewin split his between Ogle and Tom Forster, and John Huntley polled for Lord Hertford and Forster.

 
 
The Court Rolls for the same year give the names of other tenants than those who appear upon the Poll Book.
 
WARKWORTH COURT ROLL, 1710 N
 

     Barbara Milburn, widow, late Robert Milburn ; Edward Young, late Roger Young ; Thomas Nicholson, late William Swan ; John Huntley, late Daniel Laing ; James Patterson, late Richard Gofton ; ibid.; John Hudson, jun., late Anthony Blake ; John Hudson, late Anthony Anderson and George Hall ; Robert Wilson, late Robert Wilson ; Matthew Shotton, son of Matthew Shotton ; Thomas Cook, late Edmund Finch ; John Watts holds of the queen ; Edward Valentine, late Robert Valentine, his father ; Agnes Milburn, widow of William Milburn ; Roger Young, late William Elder ; Mr. John and Thomas Davison ; William Ramsay, late John Watt ; John Wilkinson, late Henry Wilkinson ; Thomas Baird, late Christopher Baird ; Dorothy Bowden, late John Bowden ; William Wharrier, late Thomas Mills ; John Hogg, late William Bullock ; John Wilkinson, late John Wilkinson ; Thomas Baird ; Alice Shanks, late Thomas Anderson ; John Doncon, late John Saint ; Robert Young, late Thomas Robinson ; Jane Dinnand, late Robert Hall ; Jasper Gordon, at Widdringtone, late Lewins ; John Saint, late John Saint ; John Doncon, late John Saint ; Anne, wife of Ralph Byram, late Dorothy Coulson ; John Fawkas, late Constance Taylor ; Nicholas Lewens, late Thomas Lewins.
     `Going back to the west row, and so forward to the church': John Moscropp and William Bewdell, in trust for David Nesbit, before them Thomas Lewin ; ibid., another burgage ; Mr. Robert Davison, late Thomas Lewin ; Margaret and Elizabeth Barker, minors ; Robert Anderson, late William Coul ; John James, late Ann wife of Patrick Anderson ; John Turner, late Thomas Turner ; Elizabeth Brown, late Martin Brown ; George Castles and Grace, his wife, late John Hawdon, and Robert Hall and Jane, his wife, one burgage ; Edward Brown ; Thomas Clark, son of Thomas Clark ; John Hogg, late William Bullock ; Roger Young, late Edward Young ; Bartholomew Waugh, in right of his wife ; Edward, earl of Derwentwater, late Sir William Fenwick ; William Simpson, late Roger Gofton ; John Shotton, in right of Jane his wife ; Ralph Linton, late George Cook.
    `A lane called Todd's lane, and so forwards towards the church' : James Rawthey and Elizabeth, his wife, late Cha. Browell ; William Weddell, late Richard Cook ; George Castles, late Edward Castles ; Robert Widdrington, gent., late Edward Finch ; Francis Warwick, late Patience Warwick, and before her, Edw. Finch ; John Lamb, late Thomas Hudson ; Robert Gibson, late Thomas Hudson ; Thomas Hudson, late Bryan Hudson ; Jane Dinning, late Thomas Dinning.
     Vicarage: Mr. William Ion, late Mr. Thomas Smith, Mr. Robert Davison, Mr. Nicholas Thomlinson, Mr. Robert Simpson, and John Warwick, vicars.
     `Beginning at the east side of another short row, and going westward towards the cross' : John Wood, late Thomas Wood, his father ; ibid.; ibid.
     `A lane that leadeth to the church' : Cuthbert Collingwood, late John Collingwood ; John Coilingwood, grandfather of the said John Collingwood ; Eliza Elder, late William Elder ; Edward Valentine, late Edward Valentine and Elizabeth his wife ; John Robinson of Acklington, son of Thomas Robinson ; William Robinson, late Robert Davey of Birling ; John Gibson, late William Lindsay ; Henry Younger of Widdrington, late Henry Finch ; Robert Watts, son of John Watts; Robert Widdrington, gent., late Jane Jackson ; Edmund Finch holdeth a house, stead, and garth near unto the church style containing 29 perches. 'The common bakehouse stood here, opposite unto the house of Edmund Finch, but it is quite ruinated.'

  
 
    A scene in the drama of the rebellion of 1715 was enacted in the borough when Tom Forster at the market cross, disguised as a trumpeter, proclaimed `King James III.' ; and his chaplain, Buxton, in the parish church at the morning service, on Sunday, October 9th, superseded Mr. Ion the vicar, and prayed for James as king as well as for Mary the queen mother, and all the dutiful members of the royal family. Ion discreetly withdrew himself and proceeded to Newcastle to acquaint the municipal authorities there. N
    At the election of I722, N  forty-eight persons voted for freeholds in Warkworth ; in 1734, N 53 persons ; in 1774, N 45 persons ; and in 1826, N 43 persons voted.
 
     The market place is in the street ; in the middle of it is a market cross, erected about the year 1830 by the lord of the manor upon the site of an older structure, which Warburton, writing about 1715, describes as `a handsome cross erected anno domini 1706 by George Lawson ' of Gloster-hill. N Before its demolition and removal it was a plain upright stone, set in a socket and raised by steps to the height of four or five feet ; it bore emblems, but of what kind is unknown. At the end of last century, there was a small market held every Thursday, N and three fairs each year, viz., on the Thursday before St. George's day, the Thursday before St. Lawrence's day, N and the Thursday before Martinmas. The last-mentioned is the only one which lingers, and is now represented by a cart of pigs and a gingerbread stall.
    Of the Borough school more will presently be said ; the National schools, which succeeded a small school held in the parvis or chamber over the porch of the parish church, were built in 1824,  N on a river-side strip of the lord's waste. The foundation stone of the chapel of the Presbyterian church was laid in August, 1828. N A structure built in 1866 for a Baptist chapel was (with the consent of the Charity commissioners) sold by the trustees in 1889, and is now a public hall belonging to the trustees of the village reading room.
    What is now the `Sun' inn represents a burgage which in the seventeenth century belonged to the family of Lewin, who were freeholders in Amble and Hauxley. The personal estate of Thomas Lewin of the parish of Warkworth, whose inventory was filed at the Durham Registry in 1642, amounted to 336 6s. ; his will cannot be found, but it was proved by his sons, John, Thomas, and Henry. On the 11th of November, 1639, John Lewin took out a licence to marry Martha Armorer, and at a court held on the 21st of October, 1686, Nicholas Lewin was admitted to a burgage which had belonged to his father, Thomas Lewin, deceased. N
 
   1719, 26th November. Will of Nicholas Lewins of Bamburgh, gent., to be buried at the discretion of my trusty friends, Thomas Wood of Burton and John Davison of Warkworth Barns, gents. To my cousin Jane Lewins, sister of my cousin, John Lewen of Alemouth, at 21 or marriage, 20. To my cousin, John Ladeler of Newcastle, 40, to he paid at the expiration of his apprenticeship. To my cousin, Matthew Ladeler, who now lives at the Friars, 10 when 21. To my nephew, Nicholas Bowman, 20 ; and to his son, Nicholas Bowman, 5. To my sister, Margaret Bowman, 3 a year. To my granddaughter (query, goddaughter), Elizabeth, wife of Fenwick Bowman, certain linen lying in the great chest in the kitchen chamber. To my godson John Dawson, 20 when 21. To the poor of the parish of Bamburgh, 4. To the poor of the parish of Warkworth, 20s. To the above named Thomas Wood and John Davison, and to Mr. Edward Grey of Shoseton, a guinea apiece to buy each of them a ring. The residue of my personal estate and my messuage and maltkiln in Warkworth, now in the possession of Thomas Dawson and George Greenswords, to my cousin, John Lewins of Alemouth, for life ; remainder to his issue lawfully begotten ; remainder to Margaret, wife of Thomas Dawson of Warkworth, and her heirs for ever. N
 
     Nicholas Lewin was buried at Bamburgh on the 9th of December, 1719, N and his devisee cannot have long survived him, for in an inquisition taken on the 5th of October, 1724, N it was found that the Warkworth burgage had devolved upon Margaret Dawson. She was aunt to the John Lewin  N named in the will and had been married on the 14th of August, 1709, to Thomas Dawson of Warkworth. N Her grandson, George Dawson of Monkwearmouth shore, innkeeper, on the 31st of October, 1783, conveyed the burgage to Joseph Harrison, who, twenty-one years later, conveyed or reconveyed the ` Sun' inn to his tenant, John Muers of Warkworth, N who about 1825 rebuilt the house. It was sold in 1866 by William Myers (son of the above named John Muers) to the duke of Northumberland.
   The house next the castle wicket was formerly an inn under the sign of the ` Queen's head.' In 1720 it was the property and residence of Ralph Fenwick, who married on the 24th of June, 1701, at Rothbury, Sarah Kirton of Hauxley. It was subsequently acquired by Robert Briggs of Hawk-hill (died 1814), and was given by him to his son, William Briggs of Cowpen, whose widow remarried Mr. James Thoburn, and as Mrs. Esther Thoburn had an allotment of common in 1856. After her death it was sold in 1865 by her daughter, Mrs. Middleton, and ultimately acquired by the duke of Northumberland.
    A few doors to the north is a house which has a stone balustrade on the top, and displays greater architectural pretension than its neighbours ; it was rebuilt in 1818 by James Grieve Burn. N
    On the opposite side of the street is a house for many years the residence of Captain William Crawford of the Scots Greys, a Waterloo veteran, who died 1865. Below it is a house belonging to Mr. Christopher Ord, over the door of which is a very pretty pediment carved on stone by a mason named Armstrong, brother to a former owner. Other houses on the same side of the street have inscribed on their respective door-heads :
 
17 W. 27
W. A.
William and Alice Wharrier
   
17 B. 17
T. I.
Thomas and Isobel Baird
   
17 C. 27
W. S.
William and Sarah Carr
 
 

Old Photograph of Warkworth Street

 
 

  www.fusilier.co.uk 2009