|THE PERCY ARTILLERY|
THE PERCY TENANTRY VOLUNTEER ARTILLERY
|Any profits arising from the sale of
will be devoted to the private funds of the Corps,
which provide Prizes for Competitions &c.
|HIS GRACE HUGH, THIRD DUKE OF NORTHUMBERLAND
WHO, AS COLONEL EARL PERCY, COMMANDED THE
PERCY TENANTRY VOLUNTEERS. 1803-1814.
|TO COLONEL HIS GRACE
HENRY GEORGE DUKE OF NORTHUMBERLAND, K.G. A. D. C.
THESE RECORDS ARE RESPECTFULLY DEDICATED
IN COMMEMORATION OF HIS GRACE'S APPOINTMENT
AS HONORARY COLONEL TO THE CORPS WHICH AS EARL PERCY
HE COMMANDED FOR TWENTY-NINE YEARS
AND IN GRATEFUL REMEMBRANCE
OF THE ENCOURAGEMENT AND SUPPORT RECEIVED
DURING HIS OWN SERVICE OF TWENTY-NINE YEARS IN
THE SAME CORPS
|Alnwick 1899||BY THE AUTHOR|
IN deciding to publish for the information of my brother-officers
and members of the Percy Artillery the Records which I have occupied
my spare moments during upwards of two years in arranging, I am
bound to confess that I am keenly alive to the many defects and
omissions that the volume possesses.
Some of these defects are owing to the fact that records have not at all times been preserved with the same amount of care in the official books ; but others are due to the difficulty of deciding what to insert and what to omit, having proper regard to the relative proportion of different items of interest and events in the Corps' history.
With a view to making amends for this, and also to enable my readers to chronicle for themselves events of local or personal interest, I have instructed my publishers to interleave that portion of the book which relates to the record of events since the year 1861, and in this form I trust that, in spite of its defects, the book may prove useful and instructive to the Corps and its numerous well-wishers.
THE AUTHOR. ALNWICK : 1899.
|THE PERCY VOLUNTEER ARTILLERY RECORDS|
officially known as the 2nd Northumberland (Percy) Volunteer
Artillery, has a history of which few if any Volunteer corps in the
Kingdom can boast, and is the direct lineal descendant of the Percy Tenantry
Volunteer Artillery enrolled in 1805.
Before proceeding to give an account of the present corps it may not be uninteresting to my readers to give a slight sketch of the Volunteer movement of a hundred years ago, as it affected the county of Northumberland in particular, showing as it does that the then owner of the name of Percy, inspired by the same spirit of valour and patriotism that animated his great ancestor Sir Harry Hotspur, was foremost in setting an example to the nobility and wealthy landowners of the country, and in leading the men of his own county to do their part in preparing themselves to defend their country in case of need.
For materials from which to make this sketch I am indebted to H. J. Willyams, Esq., Constable of 2 Alnwick Castle, the late Mr. R. Kyle, Cashier, and Mr. Bosworth, Librarian to his Grace the Duke of Northumberland, for access to the muster-rolls of the Percy Tenantry Volunteers, and the Lieutenancy Records of the County, and also to the exceedingly valuable little record of the Northumberland Light Infantry published by the late Major Adamson of that regiment, and kindly lent to me by his brother the late Rev. E. H. Adamson for this purpose.
I must also make my acknowledgments to Major Walter, late of the 4th Lancashire Volunteer Artillery, for the following extract from his admirable book
'The Volunteer Force,' published by Clowes, 1881.
|VOLUNTEER MOVEMENT, 1799|
Going back to the Volunteer movement of 1799-1804 it was proposed by
the then ministry to introduce a bill giving Government power to
levy en masse ; the object of the measure was, in fact, to compel
every able-bodied man to take arms, unless the Volunteers came
forward in sufficient numbers to obviate that necessity.
The bill gave a right to the Crown to call upon the subject in time of threatened invasion. At the time alluded to, the great political leaders of that day, Mr. Pitt and Mr. Fox, though the leaders of opposite parties, both expressed their opinions in nearly the same language, which applied very remarkably to the case of 1859.
Fox said he gave his hearty concurrence to the measure; he could not oppose a measure which the state of the war made necessary. He could conscientiously support it because it was for the defence of the country more than for any object of offensive war. He relied principally upon the armed mass of the people to resist invasion. As to any regular force, he wished it to be as great a good as possible ; yet he could no more think of placing his entire dependence upon the regular forces than on our navy ; both might be excellent, yet subject to events ; whereas the mass of a great people instructed in the use of arms was a safe and permanent security, that did not depend on the 4event of one battle, nor would by any untoward circumstances be rendered inefficacious.
Mr. Fox went on to express a hope that an armament of this nature might be obtained voluntarily, and without any compulsive measures ; but he should say notwithstanding, that if necessary compulsion should be resorted to. Certainly at that time when Pitt and Fox were thus speaking there was immediate danger, for war had been declared ; but still the necessity of having a body of men accustomed to arms, and well disciplined, existed in 1859,[1 footnote: as it exists now in 1899-ED] because although they could count upon the assistance of the brave and intelligent men of England, yet that would be no defence in case of invasion ; for, however brave, without discipline such a force might prove prejudicial instead of being advantageous.
When active efforts were made in 1803 for the defence of the country, a force of 356,743 men was raised, consisting of the Militia, Yeomanry, and Volunteers, as well as a Coastguard of 25,000.
When we consider that this number is as great or greater than the same arms of the service at the present day, notwithstanding the fact that the population of our country has trebled, and our possessions increased a hundredfold since 1803, can we rest satisfied that the men of England are now doing their duty as their grandfathers and great-grandfathers did ?
| The Armed Association of the Percy Tenantry
Infantry was raised by the Duke of Northumberland in 1798, and
printed instructions were issued containing
5general rules as to
marching, advance and rear guards, flankers, the reserve, manoeuvres,
&c., which, even under the altered circumstances of modern warfare,
have much that is useful and applicable to the movements of troops
on the line of march and in the field.
The Southern Division, enrolled May 11, 1798, was commanded by Christopher Blackett, Esq., Major Commandant, consisted of 4 companies under Captains Nicholson, L. Cramlington, E. Hetherington, and R. Brown, and by return dated Feb. 7, 1799 had 275 men.
The Northern Division, commanded by John Watson, Esq., Major, consisted of 8 companies under Captains Thos. Donaldson, C. Bacon Forster, Prideaux Wilkie, Wm. John Hay, Wm. Smith, John Reid, Prideaux Selby, and Thomas Storer.
The muster-roll of the Percy Tenantry Volunteer Cavalry, enrolled May 11, 1798, commanded by Robert Forster, shows by return dated Feb. 7, 1799 :
|Hugh Earl Percy (afterwards third Duke of Northumberland) was appointed to the command of the whole regiment of the Percy Tenantry Volunteers on July 30, 1803, and showed by the first return made after that date 6 troops of cavalry—viz. Alnwick, Lesbury, Newham, Newburn, Prudhoe, and Tynemouth—strength, 304, and 17 companies 6of infantry—viz. Alnwick, Chatton, Guyzance and Thriston, Lesbury, Longhoughton, Newham, Rothbury, Shilbottle, Warkworth, Barrasford (2), Lemmington, Newburn (2), Prudhoe (2), Tynemouth ; strength 1,195.|
|The Percy Tenantry Volunteer Artillery Company attached to the Percy Tenantry Cavalry was enrolled in January 1805, under the command of John Toppin, Esq., Captain Commandant, whose appointment was confirmed in the following letter, dated|
|Whitehall : Feb. 16, 1805.|
| 'My Lord,—Having laid before the King your Grace's letter of the 12th
inst., I am commanded to signify to your Grace His Majesty's
permission for Captain John Toppin to resign the command of the
'I had at the same time the honour of submitting to the King your recommendation of Captain John Toppin to command the Flying Artillery attached to the Cavalry of the Percy Tenantry Volunteers, with the rank of Captain, and I have the satisfaction to inform your Grace that on the conditions 7stated in your letter His Majesty does not disapprove thereof.
I have the honour to be, my Lord, Your Grace's most obedient, humble servant,(Signed) HAWKESBURY.
' Received Feb. 20.'
The following is a copy of the entry in the London Gazette ' of Captain Toppin's commission :—
44 Geo. 3, Cap. 54, Sch. D.
'John Toppin : Captain, Percy Tenantry Volunteer Artillery, Feb. 12, 1805, formerly in command of the Corbridge Volunteers.'
The establishment of the Percy Artillery was fixed at 26, and remained unaltered until the Percy Tenantry Volunteers were disbanded on July 1, 1814.
The complete establishment of the corps was, after the addition of the artillery, as follows :—
Percy Tenantry Volunteer Riflemen, 17 companies.
1 Colonel, 1 Lieut.-Colonel, 2 Majors, 17 Captains, 17 Lieutenants, 17 Ensigns, 1 Adjutant, 1 Surgeon, 1 Assistant-Surgeon, 1 Quartermaster, 2 Sergeant-Majors, 51 Sergeants, 51 Corporals, 17 Buglemen and Trumpeters, and 1,020 Privates.
Percy Tenantry Volunteer Cavalry, 6 troops.
1 Colonel, 1 Major, 6 Captains, 6 Lieutenants, 6 Cornets, 1 Adjutant, 1 Surgeon, 1 Assistant-Surgeon, 1 Sergeant-Major, 18 Sergeants, 18 Corporals, 6 Buglemen 8and Trumpeters, and 222 Privates.
Horse Artillery attached to the Percy Tenantry Volunteer Cavalry :—
1 Colonel, 1 Captain, 1 Sergeant, 3 Corporals, 16 Gunners, and 5 Drivers.
The Percy Tenantry Volunteer Artillery Company attached to the Percy Tenantry Cavalry enrolled January 1805 under the command of John Toppin, Esq., Captain Commandant. Return April 1, 1805.
Inspected by Lieut.-Colonel Siddon this day (1/4/1805).
Certificate signed by John Toppin, Capt. Comg.; Percy, Commanding Officer :—
'John Toppin, Commanding Officer of the Artillery attached to the Cavalry of the Percy Tenantry commanded by the Right. Hon. Colonel Earl Percy, do hereby certify upon my honour, in pursuance of an Act of Parliament passed in the forty-fourth year of His present Majesty's reign, entitled " An Act to consolidate and amend the provision of the several Acts relating to corps of Yeomanry and Volunteers in Great Britain and to make further regulations relating thereto"—that I have not, to the best of my knowledge and belief, inserted or caused to be inserted in the above muster-roll, as an effective man, the name of any person who has not duly attended, properly armed, accoutred, and mounted, at the muster and exercise of the said corps as required by the said Act, and who has not taken the oath of allegiance or been absent on leave given in pursuance of the said Act, or prevented by actual sickness as has been certified to me by a medical practitioner or as has been 9otherwise proved to my satisfaction, and who is not an effective man.
(Signed) JOHN TOPPIN, Captain,
Commanding the Artillery attached to the Cavalry of the Percy Tenantry.
Alnwick, April 1, 1805
|The above-mentioned muster roll contains twenty-five names.|
10Corps inspected October 17, 1805, by
Lieut.-Colonel Rawdon, Inspecting F.O., Northern District.
Also by the same officer February 20, 1806.
|The Government equipment issued in 1805 to the artillery was :-|
Gun practice was carried on at Alnmouth, and the Artillery Company
frequently performed long marches in the neighbourhood of Alnwick.
On one occasion Captain Toppin appears to have got into trouble through allowing ladies to ride on the limbers, which, on being reported to the Castle authorities, drew forth a quaint but good-humoured rebuke from the Duke's Commissioner, Sir David Smith1. [Footnote 1Northumberland Estates Office, Letters, p. 94, vol. iv., 1809— 1810]
Amongst the names in the first muster-roll is that of John Dixon (grandfather of the late Thomas Dixon, baker), who was a very big, strong man, and, it is said, could limber up or unlimber a gun by himself with the greatest ease. (Mem. Not a 40 pounder.—ED.)
Another name in the first roll is Henry Kirk (father of Henry Kirk, living at Denwick in 1899). His father was a soldier in the Blues, and fought in the American War of Independence under Earl Hugh Percy (afterwards second Duke of Northumberland), 11and was brought to Alnwick by the latter, and appointed porter at the Barbican.
Thomas Bamborough (maternal grandfather of Henry Kirk of Denwick) was also in the Percy Artillery, but his name does not appear in the first muster-roll. He was seriously injured either at gun-drill or gun-practice, and had his leg taken off. For this the Duke granted him a pension of 7s. per week.
A corps of Volunteer Artillery was raised at Berwick early in the century, and the following appointment of officers thereto may be of interest.
|Berwick Volunteer Artillery|
|Captain : John Henderson, July 24, 1804, vice Scott, resigned.
2nd Lieutenant : G. Burn, to be 1st Lieutenant.
William Tanner, gentleman, 2nd Lieutenant.
His Majesty does not disapprove thereof.
Captain Commandant : G. Burn.
August 11, 1807.
The Militia, Local Militia, and Volunteers were voted thanks by the
House of Commons through the Speaker in 1814.
The Berwick Volunteer Artillery were disbanded June 24, 1814, and the Percy Tenantry Volunteers were disbanded July 1, 1814.
After the disbandment of the Percy Tenantry the Artillery continued to keep up their drills, though vacancies do not appear to have been filled up.
The 3-pounder guns with their equipment were returned into store, and His Grace the Duke of Northumberland provided and lent to the 12Artillery the 6-pounder guns which are still to be seen in the castle grounds at Barneyside.
On the occasion of the laying the foundation-stone of the Percy Tenantry Column in Alnwick, July 1, 1816, the roll of the Percy Tenantry Volunteer Artillery, Cavalry, and Riflemen, consisting of upwards of 1,500 names inscribed on a large sheet of vellum, and enclosed in a glass tube, was deposited in a cavity cut in the lowest stone of the column1. [Footnote 1See Davison's Historical View of Alnwick,1822.]
His Grace usually appointed old soldiers to be lodge-keepers, and, previous to 1859, an ex-Royal Artilleryman named Williams occupied the Abbey lodge and drilled the artillery up to that time.
In the Castle Records William Williams is appointed armourer and gunner 1840, and was appointed keeper of the Abbey lodge in 1848.
His predecessor was John Thompson.
|THE VOLUNTEER MOVEMENT, 1859|
|13BEFORE proceeding with the history of the present corps, whose commencement, or perhaps I should say re-establishment, dates from December 31, 1859, it may not be out of place to print here some extracts from a valuable paper by General Sir Robert Gardiner, G.C.B., R.A., printed in 1859, entitled ' Elementary Military Suggestions offered for the Individual Consideration of the Officers, Non-Commissioned Officers, and Privates of the Assembling Body of Volunteers.'|
|Extract from Minute on Me Training and Uses of Volunteer
Artillery and Rifle Corps, addressed to H.R.H. the Duke of
Cambridge, KG., &c., Commander-in-Chief and Addenda,
by General Sir Robert Gardiner, G.C.B., R.A. 1859.
'Volunteer Artillery, if properly instructed and judiciously placed in numerical adequacy, might be advantageously employed at professionally indicated points of our coast or at the mouths of our rivers in gunboats, or floating batteries of easy moveable construction. But these would be of no use except moving in respectable numbers. The effect of fire from " a gun " posted here and there on the coast would be of no use whatever—even if perfectly manned and scientifically worked.
14Military proficiency, like all other pursuits, and more than in other pursuits, calls for earnest application and study ; but the study of a soldier is lightened by so many objects, incentives to noble deeds, with qualities of exalted character—loyalty and patriotism chief among them—that, though study without military turn and genius cannot make a soldier, yet the soldier by study has often overcome the deficiencies of genius, and successfully competed in emulation with the soldier regardless of study.
To the natural soldier therefore and the soldier by study, I would hold out those incentives to practical utility and action which can alone render either of them of use or value to their country—but especially to the natural soldier, volunteering at this moment, I would enjoin the necessity of punctual and diligent attention to his duties of command and the training and instruction of his men. What may appear irksome trifles to him will promote his efficiency in time of need and danger. Look back to the days of Moore, who formed and gave soul to the army which Wellington fought and ever led to victory. What was his teaching ? The first rudiments and progressive advancement in all the principles and qualities that form and constitute perfection in a soldier's character.
To the non-commissioned officers and privates I would offer for their consideration the following suggestions :—
Assure yourself of the necessity of the step you have taken in volunteering. Do not allow yourself to be deceived into a belief that some persons entertain of the impossibility of an enemy's invasion. Such an enterprise has once been seriously meditated and prepared for.
It would also assuredly have been attempted; 15but our firm and true Continental allies, by a diversion, threatening invasion of our enemy's country, drew off the army assembled and destined for the invasion of England.
Remember this. It was no idle empty threat. Remember also that this meditated enterprise occurred before the appliances of steam in warlike aggression and defence.
As a possibility, putting probability out of the question, regard invasion, for some years at least, as a reality that may befall us. You will never fear it. But never contemn an enemy.
Remember that discipline and subordination, with strict attention to, and immediate obedience of orders, are the life and soul of all armies ; and without which, though possessing all the brilliant qualities of a soldier, you can never be essentially useful to your country.
Let the guiding and rallying words of your banner be, For God,—For my Queen,—For my Country—and my Right.'
The following story, for which the writer is indebted to the brother
of the first Adjutant, may not inappropriately precede the record of
the revived Corps of Percy Artillery :-
The late Lord Elgin on his way to India was dining at the Tuileries alone with the Emperor Louis Napoleon (they were old friends).
It was after the outburst against England of the French colonels, and the attempt to bully our Parliament into passing a special Act in connection with the attempts on the Emperor's life, which led to the Volunteer movement of 1859.
The Emperor recounted with some pride 16all the successes of his life : all he had been able to achieve and attain to in his career.
When the Emperor finished, Lord Elgin said quietly, "O, but your Majesty has omitted the greatest achievement of all." "What was that ?" said the Emperor with a puzzled look.
"Your Majesty has made the British a military nation ! "
There was no more talk of French invasion after such corps as the Percy Artillery and their comrades throughout the country were formed.
The Emperor himself had contemplated the possibility, and, it is said, had prophesied his own death at the head of an invading army in the streets of London.'
|17ON December 31, 1859, the following letter was addressed to His Grace the Duke of Northumberland :-|
|Alnwick : December 31, 1859.|
| "We, the undersigned members of your Grace's Percy Corps of
Artillery, would be very glad to form a Percy Company of Artillery
of the Northumberland Volunteers, if His Grace approve of it, and it
appears that in Maritime Districts the Government prefer the forming
of Artillery rather than of Rifle Corps.
That Alnwick would furnish the latter there can be no doubt ; but we would like, if his Grace approved, to be the Percy Artillery Company of the Northumberland Volunteers.
We have the honour to be your Grace's obedient and humble Servants,
|(Signed) JAMES BOWMAKER.|
|A reply to the above letter was received from the Duke of Northumberland, dated Syon, January 2, 1860, and embodied in the following handbill printed by Mark Smith, 39 Bondgate Street, Alnwick: —|
|18 'Artillery Corps|
It appears from the Rules issued by Government as to the formation
of Rifle and Artillery Corps, that they advise in the maritime parts
of the country the establishment of Artillery; acting upon these
views, the members of the Artillery Companies of the Percy Tenantry
tendered their services to His Grace the Duke of Northumberland, and
offered to form a company or companies to be called the Percy
Artillery Corps of the Northumberland Volunteers.
In reply they have received from the Duke the following very satisfactory communication :—
|"Syon : January 2, 1860.|
"Gentlemen,—I have received your letter dated December 31, 1859,
expressing your desire to form a Percy Company of Artillery of the
I cordially approve of such a desire, and I admire the loyal spirit which prompts such a wish; and in whatever manner I can promote and support your wishes in this matter, I shall be most happy to exert myself.
|(Signed) " NORTHUMBERLAND. "|
|Messrs. Bowmaker, Robertson, and others."|
| 'Messrs. Bowmaker and Robertson of Alnwick are receiving the names of
parties willing to join, to recruit the ranks of their old
companies, which have been lessened by death and removals from the
Alnwick, January 3, 1860.'
|The Corps Records next show the following letter, dated Alnwick, January 9, 1860 :—|
19To the Right Honble. Earl Grey, Lord-Lieut. of the County of Northumberland.
'We the undersigned have agreed to serve Her Majesty as Volunteers in an Artillery Company connected with the Northumberland Volunteers, and, if it can be done with propriety, we should like to be called the "Percy Artillery Corps of the Northumberland Volunteers," because our present members have been grafted on to the old stock of the Percy Tenantry Artillery ; that regiment has long since been disembodied, but from that period many of the old members have met from time to time and kept up their drill practice by exercising with the six-pound field-pieces at Alnwick Castle.
We understand that the Government do not encourage field artillery, but approve of it so far as it relates to the defence of the coast.
We find that the Tynemouth Artillery practise upon the sands on the north side of the Castle, and we should propose to do so on the sands near Alnmouth.
We shall be glad to know that your Lordship approves of this movement, and to find that it is agreeable to the Government Regulations.
All the members will find their own clothing and accoutrements, and would prefer to form themselves into a committee to manage their own affairs exclusive of any other corps, owing to the drill being different, and would be more independent as to the time of practice.
William Turnbull was appointed secretary to the Corps, and he
addressed a further letter to Earl Grey on February 3, 1860,
containing a list of names of those who had joined, and expressing
the opinion that the Corps did not anticipate any difficulty in
throwing up a battery at Alnmouth.
In response to this offer of services the following letter was received by Lord Grey :-
V. 'War Office : Feb. 20, 1860. Northumberland Art. 18.
| 'My Lord,—With reference to your Lordship's letter of the 3rd inst.
offering for the Queen's acceptance the service of a company of
Artillery Volunteers at Alnwick, under the Act 44 Geo. 3, c. 54, I
have the honour to inform you that Her21Majesty
has been graciously pleased to approve and accept the same.
The Corps is numbered as the 3rd in the County of Northumberland, and its maximum establishment will consist of 1 Captain, 1 1st Lieutenant, 1 2nd Lieutenant, 80 men of all ranks.
|I have the honour to be, my
Lord, your Lordship's obedient servant,
(Signed) S. HERBERT.
' The Earl Grey, &c. &c.'
| At a
meeting held February 27, 1860, Francis Holland, Esq., in the chair,
it was unanimously resolved that Colonel Forster of Warkworth be
requested to undertake the duties of Commanding Officer of the
Corps, William Dickson, Esq., Banker, being elected Treasurer.
The Chairman of the meeting and the Secretary waited upon Colonel Forster at Warkworth and presented a letter embodying the foregoing resolution, and Colonel Forster very readily acceded to their request.
At a subsequent meeting held March 8, 1860, the following officers were chosen and approved by the Commanding Officer to be proposed to the Lord-Lieutenant of the County :
|1st Lieutenant . F. Holland,
2nd . John Tate, Esq.
|Acting under the advice of
Captain C. Carpenter, R.A., who was sent down to inspect, a field
opposite the Infirmary was chosen for drill purposes and a shed for
stores erected therein.
The site of the present practice battery at Alnmouth was also selected by Captain Carpenter during his visit.
The services of Sergeant Robert Miller of the Northumberland Light Infantry 22 having been obtained, and a tent erected in the drill field, the Orders of March 19, 1860, fixed drill hours at 3 and 7 P.M. daily (Sundays excepted).
The Rules of the Corps under Act 44 Geo. III. c. 54 were sanctioned by Her Majesty March 21, 1860.
The Orders for April 2, 1860, contain the following :—
The Corps will be considered as the 2nd Northumberland Artillery Volunteers or Percy Artillery Corps henceforward, in accordance with instructions received from the Secretary at War.'
The following extract from the Official Gazette' was published April 5, 1860 :—
|Lieut.-Colonel George Forster to
Francis Holland, Gentleman, to be Lieutenant.
John Tate, Gentleman, to be 2nd Lieutenant.
Gunner John Stuart, of the Coast Brigade, R.A., is appointed Artillery Instructor to the Corps, April 21, 1860.
| On April 23, 1860,
the announcement is made in Orders that His Grace the Duke of
Northumberland proposed to erect a battery at Alnmouth for the
practice of the Corps, subject to the approval of the
Lord-Lieutenant of the County ; and this liberal proposal having
received Earl Grey's entire sanction and approval, Captain and
Lieut.-Colonel Forster, in the name of the Corps, accepted His
Grace's liberal and handsome offer, and tendered to him the grateful
thanks and acknowledgments of all ranks. Also for His Grace's kind
permission to the Corps to drill in the Castle grounds or Barneyside,
and to use the guns of the old Percy Artillery for practice.
The Band was formed May 4, but after 23 the lapse of a few years it became necessary to supplement it with assistance from the band of the Northumberland Light Infantry Militia, whose bandmaster was engaged to instruct. This system continued until 1875. The Rev. Court Granville was gazetted Chaplain, May 5, 1860.
The Corps paraded on May 24, 1860, to celebrate Her Majesty's Birthday, and fired a Royal Salute.
Also on July 27, 1860, to receive His Grace the Duke of Northumberland, and fired a salute of nineteen guns as a mark of respect for the great assistance and kindness shown to the Corps by His Grace since its formation.
On August 7, 1860, the Corps took part in the Royal Review held by Her Majesty the Queen at Edinburgh, at which every member of the Corps, with the exception of three, was present.
Colonel Forster took the first opportunity after its return to publish in Orders his high satisfaction at the appearance of the Corps on that occasion ; their steadiness under arms and soldier-like appearance did credit to the Corps, as also to the town of Alnwick.'
The following General Order was published :—
|`Horse Guards, S.W. : August 10, 1860.|
Adjutant-General has received the Queen's commands to convey her
thanks to the several Corps of Artillery and Rifle Volunteers
assembled at Edinburgh on the 7th instant, and to assure them of the
satisfaction and gratification with which Her Majesty beheld the
magnificent spectacle there presented to her.
Her Majesty could not see without admiration the soldier-like bearing of the different Corps as they passed before her, and she finds in the high state of efficiency to which they have attained in an incredibly short space of time another proof that 24 she may at all times surely rely on the loyalty and patriotism of her people for the defence in the hour of need of the freedom and integrity of the Empire.
(Signed) JAMES YORKE SCARLETT,
| The following
appears in the Orders under date November 7, 1860 :-
`The Instructor, John Stuart, to proceed to North Sunderland on Tuesday by 10.25 train to drill the section there at such time as Bombr. Fawdon points out on that day and the day following, and to return to Alnwick by train leaving Chathill at 6.11 on Wednesday afternoon.'
This is the first record of any outlying station in connection with the Corps, and as the Order is not repeated, it is probable that this was an exceptional drill for convenience of members who lived in that neighbourhood ; the authorised drill station at North Sunderland was not formed until the year 1874, as noticed in its proper order.
| On April 2,
1861, the Corps formally took possession of the new battery which
His Grace the Duke of Northumberland had erected at his own expense
at Alnmouth, a full-dress parade being held for the occasion, the
Band (which had been formed the previous September) playing God save
the Queen' as the Union Jack was hoisted on the flagstaff, the
officers saluting and the men presenting arms.
The officers were ordered to wear mourning from March 26 to May 2 as a mark of respect to the memory of Her Royal Highness the late Duchess of Kent.
25 The first official Inspection of the Corps was held
at Alnmouth September 24, 1861, by Lieut.-Colonel Anderson, C.B.,
R.A., who expressed himself much gratified with the efficiency
attained as a result of the attention paid by the members to their
It was again inspected at Alnwick on November 5 of the same year by Lieut.-General Sir Frederick Smith, R.E.
| The strength of the Corps
was increased to two batteries, in accordance with instructions from
the Secretary of State for War, on March 3.
|A general Parade was held on November 10, to celebrate the coming of age of H.R.H. the Prince of Wales, and a Royal Salute and Feu-de-joie fired in his honour.|
| A full-dress
Parade took place on March 10, on the occasion of the marriage of
H.R.H. the Prince of Wales, and, after taking part in a procession
with the public bodies and inhabitants of the town of Alnwick, a
Royal Salute and Feu-de-joie were fired.
The Corps was officially inspected (for the first time since the increase of establishment) on August 14 by Major Hickes, R.A. 26 A sum of £38 was given by His Grace the Duke of Northumberland, K.G., for carbine and gun competitions and a medal for drill attendance and gun practice combined, which latter was won by Gunner Johnson.
[NOTE. A facsimile of this medal was presented to the officers' mess on January 20, 1897, by T. E. Tatton, Esq., of Wythenshawe, Northenden, Cheshire, he having become possessed of it while making a collection of medals, and communicated the fact to the O. C. through E. G. Wheler, Esq., offering it for the Corps' acceptance.]
The Volunteer Act, 1863, regulating the issue of Capitation Grant and the conditions of efficiency was passed this year.
Quartermaster Sergeant W. Turnbull, who from the commencement of the Corps had acted as secretary, conducting the correspondence and orderly-room duties, resigned November 14, 1863, and received publicly in Orders the thanks of the C.O. for the zeal and ability with which he had performed his duties.
| On May 19
Lieut.-Colonel Forster published a farewell order notifying his
intention of resigning the command, but having been induced to
reconsider this, a further order cancelling the same was published
The Corps was inspected by Lieutenant-Colonel Middleton, R.A., on August 2.
The establishment was increased by W.O. instructions dated July 27 to 3 batteries, 240 maximum of all ranks, the addition being mainly contributed by recruits at Warkworth and Amble.
A further increase in establishment was made by W.O. instructions August 27 to 4 batteries, maximum 320 men and the following27officers :—
|1 Major, 4 Captains, 4 1st Lieutenants, 4 2nd Lieutenants, 1 Assistant-Surgeon.|
| The new
Carbine Range on Alnwick Moor, constructed jointly for the use of
this Corps and the 5th Northumberland Rifles, was completed this
The following is a list of Drill Stations now existing :
Alnwick, Longhoughton, Felton, Shilbottle, Rennington, Warkworth.
On November 16 the establishment was again increased to 6 batteries, maximum 480 of all ranks, including the following officers :
1 Lieut.-Colonel, 1 Major, 6 Captains, 6 1st Lieutenants, 6 2nd Lieutenants, 1 Adjutant, 1 Surgeon, Assistant-Surgeon.
The provision of uniform and accoutrements by the Volunteers themselves was abandoned at this time, and His Grace the Duke of Northumberland gave a donation of £1,600 to the Corps this year to cover this and other expenses, and also commenced an annual subscription to the Corps funds £100, which most liberal contribution has been continued by His Grace and His Grace's successors ever since.
| His Grace Algernon
Duke of Northumberland, K.G., having been pleased to accept the
position of Honorary Colonel of the brigade, and having received his
commission, this appointment was published in Brigade Orders,
Honorary Colonel His Grace the Duke of Northumberland, K.G., died February 12.
'In announcing the sad event to the Brigade, the Commanding Officer feels that in expressing his own deep sorrow and regret that he has the sympathy and concurrence of the officers and other members of the Brigade.28The great generosity and many noble virtues that adorned this distinguished Nobleman cannot fail to have endeared him to all members of the Percy Artillery Volunteers.'
The lying in state of His Grace's remains took place at Alnwick Castle, Monday and Tuesday, February 20 and 21, a Guard of Honour being furnished by the Corps on each day.
On Wednesday, February 22, the whole Corps paraded and took part in the procession from the Castle to the railway station, a funeral party being furnished by Nos. 1 and 2 Batteries ; 72 minute guns were fired from the field guns, commencing as the procession moved off.
An address of sympathy to Her Grace the Duchess of Northumberland having been forwarded by the Commanding Officer on behalf of the Corps, the following reply was received and published for general information :—
|Alnwick Castle : February 1865.|
|'Dear Colonel Forster,—I am desired by Her Grace the Duchess of Northumberland to acknowledge the memorial from the Percy Artillery Volunteers and to convey to you and through you to the Brigade Her Grace's thanks for the tribute of affectionate respect paid to the memory of their Colonel the Duke of Northumberland and also for the expressions of their condolence and sympathy with her in her great sorrow.|
|' I beg to remain yours truly,
(Signed) ' CHARLOTTE A. L. GRANVILLE.'
| On May 16 the
appointment of His Grace George Duke of Northumberland as Honorary
Colonel of the Brigade is published in Orders.
Captain H. B. Sandford, R.A., was appointed 29Adjutant to the Brigade, June 9, pending confirmation by higher authority.
The Lord-Lieutenant notified the approval of the Secretary of State for War of the appointment of Captain Sandford, R.A., as acting Adjutant, July 17.
The official Inspection by Lieut.-Colonel Austin, R.A., took place August 1.
Lord Percy distributed the prizes at the Battery, Alnmouth, October 7.
Sandford, r.f p., R. (late Bombay) A., having been appointed
Adjutant of the Brigade, assumed charge of the permanent office
January 26. His commission bears date January 15, 1866, and the
honorary rank of Colonel is granted.
On April 11, it is announced in Orders that intimation has been received from the Lord-Lieutenant of the County that the Secretary of State for War has sanctioned the Brigade bearing the designation of the ' Percy Artillery Volunteer Corps.'
During this year a detachment of Horse Artillery attached to the Headquarter Batteries was enrolled.
The Annual Inspection (being the last under Colonel Forster's command) took place August 3, by Colonel Fox, R.A.
Colonel Forster resigned his commission in the month of August, and on October 24 was presented with an address signed by over 400 Officers, N.C.O.'s, and other members of the Corps.
Lord Warkworth was appointed Lieutenant-Colonel Commanding in succession to Colonel Forster, his commission bearing date September 24, 1866.
Secretary of State for War having sanctioned the addition of a
seventh Battery, the Officers, N.C.O.'s, and Gunners of the Horse
Artillery were formed into a separate Battery designated ' A '
Battery under command of Captain John Tate, from February 19, Lieut.
Thomas Tate being posted to this Battery on April 25.
The Rennington Detachment was attached to the A Battery to complete its strength.
The uniform of the mounted portion being that of the Royal Horse Artillery with the substitution of silver lace for gold for officers, and scarlet braid for yellow for other ranks—two 9-pr. S. B. field guns and equipment being issued by Government—the Corps was inspected by Colonel Cox, R.A., on July 31.
Honorary Colonel His Grace George Duke of Northumberland died on August 22 in this year and was succeeded on December 13 in the Honorary Colonelcy by his successor Algernon George, Duke of Northumberland, K.G., the Commanding Officer Lieut.-Colonel Lord Warkworth succeeding to the title of Earl Percy upon his father's succession to the dukedom.
An eighth Battery was raised at Rothbury this year and added to the
establishment March 10, entitling the corps to 1 Lieut.-Colonel, 2
Majors, 8 Captains, 12 Lieutenants and 2nd Lieutenants, Adjutant, 1
(or more) Surgeon, 1 Vet. Surgeon, Quartermaster, 1 (or more)
Chaplain, and 646 of all ranks, which establishment has continued
its official maximum to the present time. The Northern Artillery
Association held their competition at31Alnmouth,
at which detachments from Berwick and Tynemouth competed against the
Annual Inspection on August 6 by Colonel Newton, R. H. A.
| The 1st, 2nd, and
6th Batteries were sent to Tynemouth on August 3, to take part in
the competitions of the Northern Artillery Association.
The Annual Inspection was held at Alnmouth on August 11, by Colonel D'Aguilar, C.B., R.A.
| Seven detachments
took part in the competitions of the Northern Artillery Association
at Tynemouth on August 12.
Annual Inspection at Alnmouth on July 4 by Colonel Strange, C.B., R.A.
| Two detachments
were sent to Shoeburyness for the first time this year to take part
in the competitions of the National Artillery Association selected
from the two Alnwick Batteries.
The sending of two detachments annually (one selected from each battery in rotation) was continued from this date until the year 1889.
Inspection at Alnmouth June 12, by Colonel G. Rotton, R.A.
consequence of the withdrawal by Government of the field guns
belonging to the A Battery and the resignation of Captain John Tate,
that Battery was broken up and the members composing it
distributed—the mounted portion to No. 1 Battery32and
the dismounted to No. 2 Battery, but on the understanding that they
paraded under Lieutenant T. Tate with the two Armstrong guns (issued
instead of the field guns) whenever they were brought on parade.
A strong detachment was raised at Glanton this year and added to No. 8 Battery, Rothbury.
The Rennington Detachment won first prize for shell-firing at Shoeburyness this year with highest possible score.
The following is a list of the Drill Stations of the Corps at this time:—
Alnmouth, Alnwick, Boulmer, Broomhill, Chatton, Felton, Glanton, Longhoughton, Rennington, Rothbury, Shilbottle, Warkworth, Wooler.
Inspection at Alnmouth, August 5, by H. T. Fitzhugh, R.A.
| Detachments at
Acklington, Eglingham, Amble, Widdrington, and Lucker were
established this year, and Broomhill was abolished.
Inspection at Alnmouth by Colonel Fitzhugh, R.A., on July 29.
|A half Battery was raised at
North Sunderland this year, and was inspected by Lieut.-Col. Earl
Percy commanding on October 17. Eglingham Drill Station was given
Annual Inspection of the Corps at Alnmouth on August 8, by Colonel Fitzhugh, R.A.
| Colonel H. B.
Sandford, R.A., vacated his appointment of Adjutant to the Brigade
on March 10,33having
been permitted by Her Majesty to resign his commission, and Captain
J. G. Hicks was appointed Acting Adjutant till further orders.
Captain John Henry Lloyd, R.A., was appointed Adjutant on June 6, and took over the duties from that date.
A Band was enrolled in Alnwick under the leadership of Bandmaster Truelove, and continued under him and his successor Bandmaster Nixon, late Bandmaster 21st Hussars, until August 1877, when it was broken up.
Eight detachments took part in the competitions of the North of England Artillery Association at Seaham Harbour on August 28, and also in the following year on August 25. Annual Inspection by Col. Fitzhugh, R.A., at Alnmouth on August 14.
Lloyd, having been promoted to the rank of Major, vacated the
Adjutancy in order to take command of a Field Battery R.A.
Captain John W. Buckle, R.A., was appointed to succeed him. Annual Inspection at Alnmouth by Colonel Fitzhugh, R.A., on August 19.
Her Majesty having been pleased to sanction an exchange between Lieut.-Colonel Edmund Palmer, R.A., Adjutant 2nd A. Bde. Devon Artillery Volunteers, and Captain Buckle, August 22, the exchange took effect from September 30.
| A new station
was formed at Bamburgh, and the station at Widdrington given up.
The Corps went into camp for the first time at Alnmouth from June 2 to 9 inclusive, and was inspected by Colonel Hill, R.A., on June 7. The34 meeting of the North of England Artillery Association was held at Alnmouth August 30, when 16 detachments of this Corps were entered, and detachments from most of the corps in the North of England competed.
|Three detachments instead of two
as usual were sent to Shoeburyness this year.
Sixteen detachments were entered for the North of England Artillery Association Meeting, which was again held at Alnmouth.
Holy Island was approved by the Secretary of State as a Drill Station, October 24, and the use of the guns and stores at Holy Island Castle for drill and gun practice sanctioned.
Annual Inspection on August 12 by Colonel Hill, R.A.
|The Drill Stations at Amble, Acklington and Lucker were abolished. The Annual Inspection was held on August 16 and 23 at Alnmouth by Colonel Hill, R.A.|
|Captain E. G. H. Bingham, R.A., was appointed to succeed Colonel Palmer as Adjutant, the latter having resigned his appointment and retired from the service. A Band was formed at Rothbury this year, and the Drill Hall at North Sunderland built by subscription. The Annual Inspection was held on August 21 by Colonel Collington, R.A., at Alnmouth.|
|Camp was held at Alnmouth this
year, June 11 to 17, and was inspected on the latter date by Colonel
35This being the 21st Anniversary of the reestablishment of the Volunteers, Her Majesty the Queen reviewed the whole force in two divisions, viz. at Windsor for the South of England, and Edinburgh for North of England and Scotland.
This corps attended the latter on August 25, the entire expense being borne by the Honorary Colonel His Grace the Duke of Northumberland. 302 officers and men were on parade and the day will always be remembered by those who took part in it owing to the wet and stormy weather. Greatcoats at that time were not considered necessary for Volunteers, and out of the 25,000 men present many deaths occurred from chills received at the Review or in the subsequent journeys home in soaked uniform protracted in most cases for many hours. The Percy Artillery were specially noticed by H.R.H. the Duke of Connaught under Salisbury Crags a few hours before the review commenced, who exclaimed whilst passing through the middle of the battalion, ' By George, what big men ! ' The ' Times' in its account of the review said, ' The Percy Artillery went past the Queen with the steadiness to be expected from British Gunners.'
The time occupied between leaving Alnwick station and arriving there again was from 5 A.M. to 12 midnight, after which men from Rothbury, Wooler and other out-stations had to make their way home.
Drill Stations were established at Embleton and Craster during this year and Amble and Eglingham were re-established.
|The Felton Brass Band was
enrolled this year and jointly with the Rothbury Band became the
Band of the Corps until 1885.
The Head-quarter Batteries sent detachments36 to Shoeburyness under Sergeant-Major Watson and Sergeant-Major Gibson respectively and were very successful.
The joint detachments under Sergeant-Major Watson on the 10-inch gun made highest possible score and won the valuable Challenge Cup given by the Corporation of London, which was held until the following year.
Sergeant-Major Gibson's detachment won the Lords and Commons Prize and the Canadian Album (which later the detachment presented to the Countess Percy) and, having made the highest aggregate score in all the competitions, won Her Majesty the Queen's Prize of ten Silver Cups.
The Corps encamped at Alnmouth June 2 to 9, and was inspected by Colonel Rooke, R.A., on the latter date.
|Broomhill was re-established as a Drill Station. Camp was held at Alnmouth in June. Inspection by Colonel Rooke, R.A., June 22.|
|Camp was held at Alnmouth June 7
Inspection by Colonel Bond, R.A., June 12.
Battery Sergeant-Major Watson was selected to represent the Corps in the detachment sent to Canada in July by the National Artillery Association.
A full-dress parade of 5 and 6 Batteries for inspection by Lt.-Col. Earl Percy commanding, was held at Warkworth Castle Aug. 2, when G. C. medal and gratuity of 5/. was presented to Sergeant G. D. Hall, R.A., by the C.O. on behalf of Her Majesty the Queen.
A guard of honour consisting of three officers and 102 of all ranks was furnished at Rothbury on 37the occasion of the Prince of Wales's visit to Cragside Aug. 19, under the command of Captain Huggup.
|The Broomhill Brass and String
Band was enrolled this year, and Rothbury Band having been given up,
the Felton Band united with it to form the band of the Corps. Owing
to the difficulty of united practices the Felton Band soon retired
from this arrangement, with the exception of Band Sergeant
Rochester, who has continued his services throughout the various
changes that have occurred up to the present time (1899).
Eglingham Drill Station was again given up. Captain Bingham, having been selected for active service in Egypt in charge of a 7-pounder (joint screw gun) mountain equipment, was struck off the strength of the Corps in accordance with Horse Guards W.O. letter Feb. 10, 1885.
Lieutenant L. C. M. Blacker, R.A., was appointed Adjutant from Feb. 28, with rank of Captain in the Corps.
Camp was held at Alnmouth June 13 to 19, and the Corps was inspected by Colonel Tyler, R.A., on the last-named date.
Major and Honorary Lieutenant-Colonel Holland, who was the first Volunteer officer appointed on the establishment of the Corps under Colonel Forster in 1860, resigned his commission after twenty-five years' zealous service.
|A series of Lectures on
Ambulance work having been delivered in October 1885 by
Assistant-Surgeon J. H. Davidson, a class was formed on January 6
which was subsequently examined under38the
S. John's Ambulance Association, and certificates obtained were
presented by Lieut.-Col. Earl Percy, April 7.
Camp was at Alnmouth June 11 to 18. Inspection by Lieut.-Colonel Bond, R.A.
A Drill Hall was built at Boulmer by Hon. Col the Duke of Northumberland, and let to the Corps at a nominal rent.
|Captain S. D. Rainsford, R.A.,
having been appointed Adjutant in succession to Captain Blacker,
took up the duties from March 10.
Camp was at Alnmouth June 11 to 17. Inspection by Colonel Bond, R.A.
The Drill Hall at headquarters was commenced this year and completed in the following year at a total cost of £1,353.
On June 21 a general Parade in review order was held at Alnwick to take part in a public procession in honour of Her Majesty's Jubilee. A Royal Salute was fired from the 40-prs. and a 64-pr. gun placed in Barneyside and a Feu-de-joie by the recruits of the 3rd Northumberland Fusiliers, the Percy Artillery and the Alnwick Company 1st V.B. Northumberland Fusiliers.
|The new Drill Hall was
inaugurated April 28, when the whole Corps was paraded at the
railway station and marched into the hall, when it was formally
declared open by Major Hicks (in the unavoidable absence of
Lieut.-Colonel Earl Percy), after which the Band played a selection
in the upper hall, tea and coffee being provided in the armoury for
officers and guests and refreshments supplied to39
the men in the gunroom. A Dance, which was very largely attended,
was subsequently held on May 1, the hall being beautifully decorated
for the occasion.
May 10, notification having been made by the War Office of its intention to issue two more 40-pr. guns with 4 ammunition and 1 A and S wagons, with complete equipment for a Position Battery, Nos. 1 and 2 Headquarter Batteries were amalgamated and formed the ' A ' Battery (afterwards designated the '1st Position Battery ') and the following officers appointed :-
|Camp was held at Alnmouth, June
9 to 15, the guns of the Position Battery being marched down and
posted on the north and in prolongation of the permanent Battery.
Inspection by Col. Walkey, R.A., June 15.
On July 7, 100 men under Major Hicks, Captain Huggup and Lieut. Fawcus, were sent to Portsmouth for a week's training at Fort Brockhurst, forming part of a provisional brigade 800 strong, from the North of England, under command of Col. Creswick, 4 West York A.V., the Fort being under the command of Colonel Robertson, R.A., whose Adjutant was Captain Lendy, R.A.
During the week the men of the Percy Artillery were specially selected by Captain Lendy to dismantle guns, platforms and slides at Fort Gomer, work which was very expeditiously performed in one morning under his orders.
At the G.O.C.'s Inspection at the close of the week this work was specially mentioned, and the Volunteers performing it highly commended and thanked.
A Guard of Honour consisting of 3 officers and 100 rank and file40 was furnished November 5 on the occasion of the Princess Louise's visit to Alnwick Castle.
The mounted Inspection of the Position Battery (which was witnessed by Honorary Colonel the Duke of Northumberland) took place in the Pastures, Alnwick, on September 15, by Colonel Walkey, R.A.
|The Corps encamped at Alnmouth
June 15 to 22, the Annual Inspection by Colonel Walkey, R.A., being
at Alnwick on the latter date instead of Alnmouth as on former
occasions. The Position Battery marched from Alnmouth at an early
hour, and, after resting and refreshing horses and men, took part in
This year was the last occasion until 1897 upon which detachments were sent to Shoeburyness (two having been sent every year without intermission since 1871), the expense saved thereby being utilised to augment the prizes for Brigade Gun Competition.
Hitherto, and until 1895, the competitions of the National Artillery Association were for single gun detachments in which officers took no part. Officers were, however, almost invariably sent in charge, a duty which Captain G. Tate most frequently undertook.
| The excellent land range
and camping ground at Goswick having been lent to the Corps by
Major-General Sir William Crossman, K.C.M.G. (late R.E.), and
approved by the War Office, the Corps went into camp there June 21
to 28. The Position Battery having previously sent its wagons41to
Alnmouth on the 10th for ammunition, marched by road (27 miles) on
Detachments from the Garrison Batteries were sent daily to Holy Island Castle for gun practice.
The camp was inspected by Colonel Scott, R.A. (C.R.A. North-Eastern District), on Monday 23rd. The Official Inspection by Colonel Robinson, R.A., took place on Friday 27th, camp being struck and the men returning home by train on 28th. The whole of the Position Battery, horses, guns, wagons and stores, were entrained at Beal, proceeding in two special trains to Alnwick, detrained and marched to the Drill Hall the same afternoon.
The annual Gun and Repository Competitions were held, partly in camp on June 26, and partly at Alnmouth battery on July 12. The Warkworth Drill Hall was built this year by Major Clutterbuck (retired) and leased to the Corps.
|Camp was held at Buston Links,
near Alnmouth, July 25 to August 1, the Inspection being held on the
latter date by Colonel Robinson, R.A.
The P. B. horses were not in camp this year, but the Battery marched down from Alnwick on July 25, and home after inspection on August 1.
The annual Gun and Repository Competition was held at Alnmouth Battery on September 19.
Embleton Drill Station was given up.
The garrison portion of the Corps is styled companies instead of batteries from this date.
|The Brigade paraded in full
dress on January 20, to take part in a Memorial Service in S.
Michael's Church, Alnwick, at 3 P.M.,
being the hour fixed 42for
the funeral of H.R.H. Prince Albert Victor, K.G., K.P., &c., Duke of
Lieutenant Donald Bremner, R.A., having been appointed Adjutant, in succession to Major S. D. Rainsford, whose period of appointment had expired, was taken on the strength of the Corps May 13.
No regimental camp or Brigade gun competition was held, but instead thereof 16 detachments with 10 officers attended the meeting of the Scottish National Artillery Association at Barry Links, together with the Band of the Corps, July 20 to 25.
First prize for 40-pr. Gun Competition was won by Sergeant Conway, P. B. Detachment, with a highest possible score (carrying with it the badges of the Association).
Second prize in 64-pr. Competition was won by Corporal Swan's Band Detachment.
In the Battery Firing Competition for the Queen's Prize the P. B. under Major Hicks made a score of 75, equal to the winning score of the previous year, and stood first until the last day of the meeting, when it was beaten by the 1st Midlothian.
The Annual Gun Practice of the P. B. was held at Goswick, and that of the G.C.'s at Alnmouth battery.
Widdrington was re-established as a Drill Station from July 9.
The Annual Inspection by Colonel Robinson, R.A., took place as follows :
P. B. Dismounted and Garrison Companies August 13 at Alnmouth.
Position Battery Mounted August 20 at Alnwick.
On December 22 a Parade in review order was held at Alnwick Castle, when the first issue of the Volunteer Officers'. Decoration was presented by 43Major-General Wilkinson, C.B., commanding N.E. District, to the following officers :
|Lieut.-Col. and Hon. Col. Earl
Major and Hon. Lieut.-Col. J. G. Hicks.
Major and Hon. Lieut.-Col. A. Robertson.
Captain and Hon. Major G. Tate.
Captain and Hon. Major W. Robertson.
Major and Hon. Lieut.-Col. F. Holland (retired).
Captain and Hon. Major R. Huggup (retired).
Qmr. and Hon. Captain W. Maule (retired).
|The War Office having approved
of the construction of a new 64-pr. Battery at Goswick, and the
transfer thereto of three guns and dwarf traversing slides from Holy
Island Castle and one from Alnmouth Battery, the work of dismantling
Holy Island Castle and conveying the guns across the sands to
Goswick was carried out by a detachment of 20 men of the District
Establishment, Tynemouth, under the direction of the Adjutant,
Captain Bremner, magazine and store sheds having been constructed,
and concrete platforms and racers having been previously laid by the
Royal Engineers according to plans by Colonel Hildebrand, C.R.E.
The work which the O.C. Tynemouth Castle estimated to take a fortnight was completed in five days—which, considering the difficulty and danger involved, was most creditable to all concerned.
Camp was held at Goswick June 3 to 10, the P. B. marching there and back by road and maintaining horses and drivers in camp for the week.
Inspection by Colonel Robinson, R.A., Friday, June 9.
Six detachments and five officers attended the S. N. A. A. meeting, Barry, July 25 to 30.
Major44and Honorary Lieut.-Colonel Adam Robertson, whose name as Adam Robertson, Junior, appears as one of the signatories to the letter addressed to the Lord-Lieutenant on January 9, 1860, and consequently one of the first Volunteers enrolled in the Corps, resigned his commission owing to ill-health.
The P. B. fired a Royal Salute in the Pastures July 6 in honour of the marriage of H.R.H. the Duke of York and Princess Victoria Mary of Teck.
|The Brigade assembled at Alnwick
on April 4 in review order, to receive H.R.H. the Duke of York, K G.
A Guard of Honour under command of Captain Robson was drawn up at the railway station, and the guns of the P. B., fully horsed, were drawn up under its own officers in Bailiffgate. After His Royal Highness had entered the Castle the Battery marched through the Barbican and courtyard to Barneyside, and there fired a Royal Salute of 21 guns.
Camp was held at Goswick, June 9 to 16.
Inspection by Colonel Robinson, R.A., June 15.
P. B. Competitions held in camp.
G. C. Competitions August 2 at Goswick.
The Broomhill Band resigned at end of this year.
|Camp was held at Goswick, June
15 to 22, the commodious new mess-house built by General Sir William
Grossman, K.C.M.G. and leased to the Corps, being used for the first
Inspection by Colonel Le Marchant, C.R.A., and Colonel Tabor, R.A., June 15.
Competitions same as last year. 45
Lieut.-Colonel and Colonel the Right Honble. Earl Percy, A.D.C., resigned his commission and published the following farewell Order :—
|'Alnwick: November 22, 1895.|
|Earl Percy, in retiring from the
command of the 2nd Northumberland (Percy) Volunteer Artillery,
desires to express how highly he has valued his connection with the
Corps and its members, and how keenly he regrets that other claims
upon him should have compelled him to resign his commission after so
many years of service.
He cannot speak too highly of the support which he has always received from all ranks, upon which he will always look back with satisfaction, while his best wishes for, and keen interest in, all which can conduce to the prosperity and efficiency of the Corps will always continue unabated.
(Signed) D. BREMNER,
Captain R.A. and Adjutant.'
|The promotion of Major and Lieut.-Colonel J. G. Hicks to the command appeared in the London Gazette ' dated December 11, and the following Order was issued by him :—|
|'Alnwick : December 20, 1895.|
|On assuming command of the Corps
in succession to Colonel the Right Hon. Earl Percy, A.D.C. retired,
Lieut.-Colonel J. G. Hicks desires to record his deep sense of the
loss the Corps has sustained in the retirement of his Lordship after
so many years' service in the command thereof.
It will be his chief endeavour to maintain the efficiency, discipline and welfare of the Corps and to hand over the command of it to his successor with the good name with which he has received it.
The Volunteer Force being now recognised 46throughout the kingdom and by the military authorities as an important item in the country's defences, he looks to all ranks to support him in showing by strict devotion to duty that, so far at any rate as this Corps is concerned, such confidence is not misplaced.
He proposes to visit each drill station once during the coming season. Due notice of these visits will be given, and he hopes to have the opportunity of meeting all Officers, N.C. Officers and Men at their own stations.
(Signed) D. BREMNER,
Captain R.A. and Adjutant.'
| On February
13 a dinner, to which the past and present officers were invited,
was given by the late C.O. Earl Percy in the Assembly Rooms,
In the course of his after-dinner speech he took the opportunity of presenting to the Officers' Mess two beautiful models in silver of 13-pr. guns (adapted for cutting and lighting cigars), remarking that he knew that for several years past the wish of the Officer commanding the Position Battery had been to have his 40-prs. exchanged for 13-prs., and as the Government had not seen its way to grant this, he had resolved himself to gratify the wish.
The Ashington Silver Model Band was enrolled in January and appointed the regimental Band.
Consequent upon the promotion of Lieut.-Colonel Hicks the command of the Position Battery devolved upon Captain Charles Tomlinson, Captain R. B. Robson being posted to it as 2nd Captain, January 22.
The new Drill Stations at Ashington and Emble- ton were47 authorised and Rothbury and Wooler given up. Camp was held at Goswick, June 13 to 20. Inspection by Colonel J. M. Tabor, R.A., June 19.
The C.O. presented a silver bowl, to be styled Colonel Hicks's Drill Stations Challenge Prize, to be shot for by one representative from each drill station, with Carbine, annually.
The annual Drill Stations Prizes given by the late C.O., as well as his subscriptions to the Corps and to the Band Fund, were kindly continued by his Lordship notwithstanding his retirement.
The annual Presentation of Prizes took place in the Corn Exchange, Alnwick, on November 14, by the late C.O., Colonel the Right Honble. Earl Percy, A.D.C., on which occasion a most excellent assault at arms was given by N.C.O.'s of the Royal Horse Guards (Blues), by kind permission of Colonel Brocklehurst.
|Captain D. Bremner's period of
service having expired, Captain A. G. Shortt, R.A., was appointed
Adjutant May 26.
Camp was held at Goswick June 5 to 12. Inspection by Colonel J. M. Tabor, R.A., June 11. Position Battery Competitions were held in
Six Garrison Detachments were sent to Shoeburyness and took part in the competitions of the National Artillery Association—under command of Lieut.-Col. Hicks, Captain Prevost, 1st Gloucestershire V.A. attached, and Lieut. Thew.
Captain Tomlinson having resigned, Captain R. B. Robson was appointed to command the Position48Battery, with Captain J. F. Hutchinson as second Captain. A full-dress Parade was held in Alnwick on June 22, in commemoration of the sixtieth year of Her Majesty's reign, and a Royal Salute of 60 guns fired by the Position Battery under Captain Robson. A detachment of 20 men (one or two selected from each drill station) was sent to London under Captain J. F. Hutchinson, and was posted on London Bridge during the Royal Procession.
| Camp was held at Goswick
from Thursday, June 8, to Wednesday, June 15, inclusive, instead of
from Saturday to Saturday as on all previous occasions.
Inspection by Colonel H. T. Lugard, R.A., June 15.
Four detachments from the Position Battery under Captain Robson, Lieut. Chrisp and 2nd Lieut. Easton attended the camp of the Scottish National Artillery Association at Buddon, Barry Links, and were successful in winning Her Majesty the Queen's Prize for Battery Firing.
A Competition for Garrison Group Firing and a Repository Competition were held at Alnmouth Battery on August 1.
A new two-section Carbine Range was constructed at Ashington, a work of considerable difficulty and expense owing to the flatness of the surrounding country.
The death of the Honorary Colonel of the Corps took place on January 2 at the advanced age of 88. The following order was published :-
' The Officer Commanding, in announcing to the Corps which he has the honour to command the 49loss which it has sustained in the death of its Honorary Colonel His Grace Algernon George, Duke of Northumberland, K.G., expresses his deep sorrow, which he feels assured is shared by all Officers, Non-Commissioned Officers and Men, and at the same time places on record his and their appreciation of the great obligations they are under, for the generous support that has always been given to the Corps by His Grace, during the long period of 32 years that he has been its Honorary Colonel.
(Signed) A. G. SHORTT,
Captain R.A. Adjutant.'
|Guards of Honour from the 1st
Northumberland Volunteer Artillery (of which Corps His Grace was
also Honorary Colonel), under command of Captain Ball, and from the
2nd Northumberland, under command of Captain Robson, attended at
Alnwick railway station on the occasion of the removal of His
Grace's remains to London for interment in Westminster Abbey on
The following appeared in the London Gazette' on February 14 :—
'Colonel H. G. Duke of Northumberland, A.D.C., formerly commanding, is appointed to the Hon. Colonelcy of the Corps.
This announcement of the renewal of His Grace's connection with the Corps which he commanded for so many years fittingly brings this record to a close.
Though, as will be seen by the table at pp. 72, 73, the Corps has never succeeded in returning the full number of its establishment as efficients, it has nevertheless, in spite of many drawbacks and difficulties, fully justified the use of its adopted motto,
|The following extract from a
speech of General Sir H. Evelyn Wood, V.C., at the Council Dinner of
the National Artillery Association on March 23, 1899, is so full of
encouragement for Volunteers that no apology is made for quoting it
` Ever since the Volunteer movement took root, some thirty-five years ago, the Volunteers have done more for the Army than the Army has been able to do for itself. That is a fact that has been fully borne out and acknowledged for many years past. I have three sons, and they are members of the Volunteer Service. I think those who have learned the best lesson are those who have had a course of tuition as Volunteers. I am expressing as well as I can the feeling that I have in my heart, that we owe to the Association and the Volunteer movement generally a very deep debt of gratitude for the great efforts made in trying to uphold the interest of English men and women in the Army.'
|HONORARY COLONELS 51|
|ALGERNON, FOURTH DUKE OF
NORTHUMBERLAND, K.G., P.C., F.R.S., whose appointment as Honorary
Colonel to the Percy Artillery is dated Dec. 27, 1864, was 2nd son
of His Grace Hugh, 2nd Duke of Northumberland, and his 2nd wife,
Frances Julia, 3rd daughter of Peter Burrell, Esq., of Beckenham,
and therefore brother of the 3rd Duke.
He was born Dec. 15, 1792, and was a distinguished naval officer, and a man of learning and science.
He was elevated to the Peerage as Baron Prudhoe, Nov. 27, 1816 ; married, Aug. 25, 1842, Eleanor, eldest daughter of Richard, 2nd Marquis of Westminster, K.G. ; succeeded to the Dukedom on the death of his brother, Feb. 11, 1847.
His Grace was an Admiral R.N., and Constable of Launceston Castle ; President of the Royal Institution ; President of the R.N. Lifeboat Institution, and President or Vice-President of many other charitable institutions ; First Lord of the Admiralty, 1852. He took the greatest interest in the re-establishment of the Percy Artillery in 186o ; contributed largely to its funds from its commencement, undertook the sole expense of its first clothing and equipment, and provided and made the Practice Battery at Alnmouth. D.s.p. Feb. 12, 1865.
|GEORGE, FIFTH DUKE OF
LL.D., 2nd Earl of Beverley, succeeded his cousin, the 4th Duke, as
Honorary Colonel May 16, 1865.
His Grace was son of Algernon (2nd son of Hugh, 1st Duke of Northumberland), 2nd Baron Lovaine, and his wife Isabella Susanna, 2nd daughter of Peter Burrell, Esq., and was born June 22, 1778 ; m. Louisa Harcourt, 3rd daughter of Hon. J. Archibald Stuart-Wortley (sister of 1st Lord Wharncliffe), 1801 ; Lord of the Treasury, May 1804 to Feb. I806 ; Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard, 1842 to 1846 ; M.P. for Beeralston, 1808-1830.
His Grace only held the Hon. Colonelcy two years, during which period he continued to support the Corps, giving the same annual contribution to its funds as his predecessor, and died Aug. 22, 1867.
| ALGERNON GEORGE, SIXTH
DUKE OF NORTHUMBERLAND, K.G., P.C., LL.D., D.C. L., Earl of
Northumberland, Earl Percy, Earl of Beverley, Baron Warkworth of
Warkworth Castle, and Lord Lovaine, Baron of Alnwick, and a baronet,
Lord-Lieutenant, and Custos Rotulorum of Northumberland ; eldest son
of the 5th Duke of Northumberland and his wife Louisa Harcourt, 3rd
daughter of Hon. J. A. Stuart-Wortley ; was born May 2,1800 ;
married May 26, 1845, Louisa, daughter and co-heir of Henry
Drummond, Esq., M.P.
His Grace whilst Lord Lovaine was appointed Hon. Colonel of the 1st Northumberland Volunteer Artillery, Dec. 30, 1861, and on succeeding to the Dukedom Hon. Colonel of the Percy Artillery, 13 December, 1867.
He commanded the Northumberland Light Infantry Militia from Feb. 28, 1862, until Aug. 1874, and was appointed Honorary Colonel of that53regiment (now the 3rd Bn. Northumberland Fusiliers) on retirement from the command.
His Grace liberally supported the Corps throughout the long period of thirty-one years that he held the Hon. Colonelcy, and, in addition to continuing the annual subscriptions of his predecessors, added additional contributions towards the Brigade Gun and Carbine Competitions and the Band Fund. He gave the Corps, at a nominal rent, the house used as headquarters and orderly-room, and the site upon which the Drill Hall is built. He also built for the Corps a small drill shed at Boulmer, also at a nominal rent.
His Grace died Jan. 2, 1899.
|HENRY GEORGE, SEVENTH DUKE OF
NORTHUMBERLAND, A.D.C., eldest son of the 6th Duke, was appointed
Honorary Colonel Feb. 15, 1899, having commanded the Corps from
Sept. 24, 1866, to Nov. 20, 1895 (see the account of His Grace under
List of Commanding Officers, p. 56, as Earl Percy).
Her Majesty was pleased to approve of His Grace's appointment to be a Knight of the Garter in room of the late Duke of Beaufort.
|COLONEL HUGH EARL PERCY, who
commanded the Percy Tenantry Volunteers July 30, 1803, till July 1,
1814, was the eldest son of His Grace Hugh, 2nd Duke of
Northumberland, and his 2nd wife Frances Julia, 3rd daughter of
Peter Burrell, Esq., of Beckenham, Kent ; was born April 20, 1785.
He married, April 29, 1817, Lady Charlotte Florentia, 2nd daughter of Edward, 1st Earl Powis, and succeeded to the Dukedom July 10, 1817, as 3rd Duke of Northumberland, K.G.
His Grace was accredited Ambassador Extraordinary in 1825 from His Britannic Majesty to assist at the coronation of Charles X., King of France, and was subsequently Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland. He was also Lord-Lieutenant, Custos Rowlorum and Vice-Admiral of the county Northumberland, and of the town and county of the town of Newcastle-on-Tyne, Her Majesty's Trustee of the British Museum, Chancellor of the University of Cambridge, Constable of Launceston Castle, and High Steward of Launceston. D.s.p. Feb. 1, 1847.
the Percy Volunteer Artillery March 22, 1860, till August 1866,
belonged to a well-known Northumberland family, both his father and
his mother being Forsters claiming relationship with the Bamburgh
family of that name.
His great-grandfather was Joseph Forster of Newton-by-the-sea ; his grandfather George Forster was a lessee of the Percy estates at Shilbottle Wood House.
His father George Forster, born Aug. 30, 1776, was an officer in the Customs and resided successively at Sunderland, North Shields, Blyth and Newcastle, where he died Feb. 22, 1839 ; his wife (mother of Lieut.-Colonel Forster) was Jane Forster, 4th daughter of Lieut. John Forster, R.N., of Warkworth, born Feb. 26, 1776.
Lieut.-Colonel Forster entered the army of the East India Company as Ensign May 6, 1825—promoted Lieutenant Jan. 19, 1833. Quartermaster and Interpreter to the 49th Regiment of Native Infantry Sept. 26, 1837 ; Brevet Captain May 6, 1840 ; Brevet Major Feb. 14, 1857, and Lieut.-Colonel Nov. 5, 1857.
He was attached to the Madras Army and served also in Burmah.
He was appointed Captain in the Percy Artillery March 22, 1860, and Lieut.-Colonel (on increase of establishment) Nov. 24, 1864. He took the greatest pride in the Corps, and never tired of praising the fine physique of the men who composed it during his command.
On Oct. 24, 1866, he was presented with an address signed by over 400 Officers, N.-C.O.'s and other members of the Corps upon his retirement.
Colonel Forster never married.
|LIEUTENANT-COLONEL AND HON.
COLONEL HENRY GEORGE, EARL PERCY,56
succeeded to the command of the Percy Artillery on the retirement of
Lieut.-Colonel Forster, under the title of Lord Warkworth, Sept. 24,
1866, and commanded the Corps upwards of twenty-nine years, viz.
until Nov. 20, 1895.
His Lordship was eldest son of His Grace Algernon George, 6th Duke of Northumberland, K.G., and his wife Louisa, daughter of Henry Drummond, Esq., M.P., and was born May 29, 1846 ; married Lady Edith, daughter of George Douglas, 8th Duke of Argyle, K.G., K.T., Dec. 23, 1868, and held the offices of Privy Councillor and Treasurer of Her Majesty's Household 1874-1875
M.P. for North Northumberland 1868 to 1885 ; summoned to Parliament in the House of Lords as Lord Lovaine of Alnwick July 22, 1887.
His Lordship also held commissions in the Northumberland Light Infantry Militia (which afterwards became the 3rd Battalion of the Northumberland Fusiliers), viz. Captain July 7, 1865 (as Lord Warkworth), Major May 16, 1874, Lieut.-Colonel Feb. 17, 1875, and A. D.C. to Her Majesty the Queen.
Notwithstanding the liberal contributions towards the Corps and Prize Funds by the successive Honorary Colonels, his Lordship did all in his power to encourage good shooting by adding prizes for local competition at each Drill Station, and by presenting the handsome ' Percy Challenge Cup ' for Brigade competitions. His soldierly instincts and tact contributed in no small degree to promote a knowledge of discipline which has earned for the Corps a good name amongst its compeers.
|LIEUTENANT-COLONEL AND HON.
COLONEL JOHN GEORGE HICKS57
succeeded to the command on the retirement of Colonel Earl Percy,
A.D.C., Dec. to, 1895.
He was born June 4, 1850, being 3rd son of the Rev. James Hicks (born 1810) (a descendant in the female line of the renowned Hotspur) and his wife Emma, daughter of William Barry, Esq.
The Rev. James Hicks was eldest son of the Rev. James Champion Hicks and his wife Frances (daughter of John Searle, Esq., of Allerton), whose descent is traced from Lady Elizabeth Percy (daughter of Sir Henry Percy) and her first husband John (Lord) Clifford. The Rev. J. C. Hicks, who was 2nd son of Rear-Admiral Thomas Hicks, R.N., of Maisonette, Stoke Gabriel, Devon, was, while resident at Launceston, Chaplain to the Duke of Northumberland.
Lieutenant-Colonel Hicks entered the Volunteers in 1865, when he joined the 6th Cumberland Rifles (then known as the Alston Mountaineers), and transferred into the 1st Newcastle Rifles, commanded by Sir John Fife in 1866. He obtained his commission as Ensign July 25, 1867, transferred to the Percy Artillery 1870 with same date of commission, promoted Captain June 2, 1871, Major May 13, 1885, and Lieutenant-Colonel Dec. io, 1895.
He married in 1883 Mary Jane, daughter of Anthony Carr, Esq., of London, and formerly of West Ditchburn, Northumberland ; and secondly, in 1892, Mary, daughter of the Rev. Wm. Procter, M.A., Fellow of St. Catherine's Hall, Cambridge—Vicar of Doddington, Hon. Canon of Durham, and Rural Dean of Bamburgh.
|MAJOR FRANCIS HOLLAND attained
to field-rank on the establishment of the Corps being raised to six
batteries Nov. 24, 1864.
He was one of the first officers appointed on the formation of the existing Corps in 1860, and commanded No. 2 Battery, Alnwick, from Dec. 7, 1861.
He took great pride in the Corps, and was ever ready to further to the best of his ability any schemes for its improvement.
He retired with the rank of Hon. Lieut.-Colonel May 2, 1885, and died Oct. 2, 1895.
|MAJOR THOMAS CLUTTERBUCK was
appointed junior Major on the further increase of establishment,
which entitled the Corps to two Majors, April 13, 1868. Previous to
his promotion he commanded the Warkworth Company, in which, as being
a resident in Warkworth, he always took a lively interest.
He retired May 19, 1874, and built the Warkworth Drill-hall for the Corps in 1890.
|MAJOR ALEXANDER HENRY BROWNE
succeeded Major Clutterbuck as junior Major, Aug. 12, 1874. Previous
to that appointment he held a commission for several years in the
Northumberland Light Infantry Militia, his commission as Captain in
that regiment being dated June 28, 1873.
He retired March 31, 1877, and died April 1898.
|MAJOR JOHN GEORGE HICKS 59 succeeded Major Holland May 13, 1885, having previously commanded Rothbury and Glanton Battery 1871 to 1875, North Sunderland 1875 to 1879, No. 2 Battery, Alnwick, 1879 to 1885, and was Major commanding the Position Battery from its formation in 1888 until his promotion to command the Corps in 1895.|
|MAJOR ADAM ROBERTSON was
appointed junior Major Oct. 26, 1889.
He was one of the first Volunteers enrolled in the Corps in 1860, and from the date of his appointment as Captain, March 16, 1872, until his promotion, he commanded No. 1 Battery, Alnwick.
He received the honorary rank of Lieut.-Colonel in 1890, retired owing to ill health Sept. 22, 1893, and died Dec. 23, 1894
|MAJOR GEORGE TATE succeeded
Major Adam Robertson Dec. 9, 1893, having previously commanded
Warkworth Company from 1872. Being resident near Warkworth, he was
able to exercise constant supervision over its welfare.
He always took great interest in the meetings of the National Artillery Association and attended the meetings at Shoeburyness in charge of detachments on several occasions. Warkworth Company succeeded in distinguishing itself there on more than one occasion.
It was owing in great measure to his representation of the need for it that Major Clutterbuck decided to build the Drill-hall at that station.
During the years the Position Battery was commanded by the senior Major, Major Tate commanded the Garrison Companies on parade, and at Inspection. He was appointed Hon. Lieut.-Colonel immediately on attaining the rank of Major.60
|MAJOR WILLIAM ROBERTSON was
appointed junior Major Jan. 22, 1896, having previously commanded
Alnmouth Company from 1880.
Previous to joining the Corps he served in the 5th Northumberland Rifles, being one of the first enrolled in 1860. His first commission in the Percy Artillery is dated March 16, 1872 ; he retired with the honorary rank of Lieut.-Colonel June 6, 1896.
|MAJOR WILLIAM NANGREAVE MANGIN
succeeded to the rank of junior Major July 8, 1896.
He was appointed Captain May 12, 1888, and commanded North Sunderland Company from that date until the formation of the Ashington Company, at the beginning of 1896, to the command of which he was posted until his promotion.
He was instrumental in making great improvements to the North Sunderland Drill-hall, lining it with wood, erecting stage for entertainments, &c., the cost of which was defrayed by proceeds of a very successful bazaar held in the hall.
He was succeeded at North Sunderland by Captain Fawcus, and continued after his promotion to command the Ashington Company until the appointment of Captain Frost to the command of it, in April 1898.
|COLONEL SIR HERBERT BRUCE
SANDFORD retired full pay Royal (Bombay) Artillery, entered the East
India Company's service as 2nd Lieutenant Dec. 9, 1844, promoted to
Lieutenant Jan. 6, 1847, Captain Aug. 27, 1858, being transferred to
the Royal Artillery on the transfer of the political power of the
East India Company to the British Sovereign in 1858.
The official records do not show that he ever held the rank of Major. He was gazetted Lieutenant-Colonel March 24, 1865, and Colonel Aug. 3, 1865.
He was appointed the first Adjutant of the Percy Artillery (on the establishment being increased sufficiently to entitle it to one) July 17, 1865, and held the appointment nearly ten years.
The value of his services to the Corps can hardly be over-estimated. He was a man of untiring energy, great administrative ability, and full of zeal for his profession.
He retired on March 10, 1875, on being appointed Her Majesty's Commissioner at the International Exhibition, Philadelphia, and for his services in that appointment he received the honour of knighthood.
He subsequently held an important post at the South Kensington Museum until his death.
He always watched with interest the career of 62the Corps, and on more than one occasion wrote letters of congratulation on the occurrence of any event betokening its welfare and success.
|CAPTAIN JOHN HENRY LLOYD, R.A.,
succeeded Colonel Sandford as Adjutant on May 15, 1875.
Captain Lloyd entered the Royal (late Bombay) Artillery during the Indian Mutiny as 2nd Lieutenant, Dec. 12, 1857, and was promoted Lieutenant Aug. 27, 1858, and Captain Feb. 15, 1866.
His tenure of the Adjutancy continued for barely a year, during which short period his bright cheery nature won the hearts of the men and made him many friends both in the Corps and out of it. He was promoted Major May 9, 1876, and was appointed to command a field battery R.A. at Athlone, a battery unique in its way, being the only battery of white horses in the service. He only survived his promotion about two years.
|CAPTAIN JOHN WILLIAM BUCKLE,
R.A., succeeded to the Adjutancy May io, 1876. His commission in the
Royal Artillery as Lieutenant is dated Sept. 19, 1863, and Captain
April 29, 1876.
He exchanged with his successor to the Adjutancy of the 2nd Devon Artillery Volunteers a few months after his appointment.
Royal Artillery, who exchanged with Captain Buckle, was appointed Adjutant Aug. 23, 1876.
His commissions are dated as follows :-
2nd Lieutenant, Dec. 20, 1843 ; Lieutenant, Sept. 4, 1845 ; Captain, Jan. 14, 1852 ; Major, July 20, 1858 ; half-pay, Oct. 3, 1863 ;Lieut.-Colonel, March 25, 1869.63He served in the Indian campaign 1857-59, and commanded a field battery R.A. with Whitlock's Field Division at the general action at Bandah ; action at Chitrakote with Carpenter's force ; and defeat of a body of the Gwalior Contingent at Koreri ; right hand partially disabled through exposure to the sun in the hot-weather campaign of 1858. Four times mentioned in despatches, brevet of Major. Medal and Central India clasp.
Colonel Palmer was several years adjutant of the 2nd Devon Artillery Volunteers before his exchanges. He retired in 1880.
|CAPTAIN EDMUND G. H. BINGHAM,
R.A., was appointed Adjutant Feb. 9, 1880, on the retirement of
He entered the Royal Artillery June 19, 1868, and was promoted to Lieutenant Jan. 13, 1869, Captain December 1879.
During his Adjutancy the Volunteer Force celebrated its coming of age, Royal Reviews being held at Windsor and Edinburgh. This Corps attended the latter.
During the same term the Queen's Prize at Shoeburyness was won, and, owing to Captain Bingham's exertions, a large station was formed at Broomhill and the excellent Band of the Colliery enrolled as the Regimental Band.
Captain Bingham retired from the Adjutancy in 1885, and proceeded to Egypt on active service in command of a 7-pr. Mountain Battery.
Subsequently he has held appointments in Australia, afterwards at the School of Gunnery, Shoeburyness, and is now (1899) Staff Officer and Instructor of Artillery in Victoria. His commission as Lieutenant-Colonel is dated April 4, 1896.64
|CAPTAIN L. C. M. BLACKER, R.A.,
succeeded Captain Bingham Feb. 13, 1885. His first commission in the
Royal Artillery is dated Aug. 2, 1876.
At the expiration of two years he exchanged with his successor.
|CAPTAIN STEPHEN DICKSON
RAINS-FORD, R.A., who exchanged with Captain Blacker, was appointed
Adjutant April io, 1887.
His Lieutenant's commission in the Royal Artillery is dated Sept. 1873 ; he was promoted to be Captain Dec. 31, 1882, and Major during his tenure of the Adjutancy, Aug. 1, 1890 ; he compiled with great care the Camp Standing Orders, published in pamphlet form for use of the Corps—and continued to hold the appointment till the expiration of his five years' term, viz. May 13, 1892, whereupon he was appointed to command a garrison company R.A. at Allahabad. Subsequently he obtained the command of the 47th Field Battery R.A., which in 1899 is stationed at Ferozepore, Punjab, India.
|CAPTAIN DONALD BREMNER, R.A.,
succeeded Captain Rainsford May 13, 1892.
He entered the Garrison Artillery, R.A., February 1884, and was transferred to a Field Battery 1886.
He was appointed to the command of the Horse Artillery Battery in the Egyptian Army, Oct. 1890.
His commission as Captain, R.A., is dated Feb. 1, 1893. The 65large new Drill Station at Ashington was added to the Corps during his Adjutancy, and the Ashington Silver Model Band enrolled as Regimental Band in place of the Broomhill Band, resigned.
The work of dismantling Holy Island Castle and the removal of guns, carriages, and traversing slides across the sands from Holy Island to Goswick was entrusted to Captain Bremner, and most successfully and expeditiously performed.
On his vacating the Adjutancy at the expiration of his five years' term, he was appointed Divisional Adjutant, R.A., at Gibraltar, May 1897.
|CAPTAIN ALEXANDER GRAHAM SHORTT,
R.A., succeeded to the Adjutancy on the expiration of Captain
Bremner's period of service, May 12, 1897.
He entered the Royal Artillery Feb. 16, 1886, gazetted Lieutenant Feb. 18, 1886, joined K 4, since named 22nd Field Battery R.A., April 1887, and served with it in India.
Promoted Captain Dec. 9, 1866, to 10 Co. E.D., R.A.
Gazetted to Adjutancy of 2nd Northumberland V. A., May 26, 1897.
|SUCCESSION OF OFFICERS 66-71|
|Table showing ESTABLISHMENT and number of EFFICIENTS at end of each year 72|
|1 Exclusive of permanent Staff|
|Authorised DRILL STATIONS and
DISTRIBUTION, December 1,
1868 (being first return after increase to present establishment)
|List of Officers,
Non-Commissioned Officers and Men who have received the
Volunteer Decoration and the Volunteer Long Service Medal
1 These N.C.O.'s retired before Garrison Batteries were
styled Garrison Companies, and are given their old title in the Army
Several of the above-mentioned men retired before the Medal was awarded, but the Army Orders make no distinction between men who have retired and those who are still serving.
|THE NATIONAL ARTILLERY
THE following Complete List of Prizes won at Shoeburyness and Buddon at the Prize Meetings of the National Artillery Association and the Scottish National Artillery Association has been compiled from the Shoeburyness Handbook and the Official Reports of the Scottish National Artillery Association.
It will be seen from the 1882 record that the Lords and Commons Prize credited in the text at page 36 to Sergeant-Major Gibson's Detachment is an error.
|Shot Competition with the
10-inch R.M.L. 18-ton Gun, Wednesday, August 11, 1886.
(RESTRICTED TO ONE " SELECTED " DETACHMENT FROM EACH BRIGADE.)
|SCOTTISH NATIONAL ARTILLERY
BUDDON, BARRY LINKS 1892.
II-64-Pr. Gun (Plugged Shell). Long Range.
Number of Competing Detachments, 88.
VII. - Battery Firing Competition (Position Batteries).
Number of Competing Teams, 6.
Total Points—Shooting, 72; Fire Discipline, 50; Camp Points, 16; Time allowed—16-Pr., 16m. ; 40-Pr.,18m.
| SINCE these lines were
in the press the Order Book of Captain Lambert's troop of the Percy
Tenantry Cavalry, commencing January 3, 1804, has been presented to
the Officers' Mess of the Percy Artillery by Mr. C. E. Moore, Editor
of the Alnwick and County Gazette,' from which the following
extracts have been taken :—
|Alnwick : Jan. 3, 1804.|
| As soon as the
Corps of Percy Tenantry Cavalry arrives in quarters they will form
three squadrons. The Right Squadron will consist of Captain Reed's
troop and Captain Nixon's troop. The Left Squadron of Captain
Forster's and Captain Lamb's troops. The Centre Squadron of Captain
Coward's and Captain Lambert's troops. The troops will parade at
eight o'clock for sword exercise, and at eleven for horse drill. The
officers to bring their cloak cases and no other furniture.'
|Alnwick Castle : Thursday, August 29, 1805.|
| The Duke of
Northumberland congratulates the Percy Tenantry Volunteer Cavalry on
the great improvement they have made since he had last the pleasure
of seeing them assembled all together ; such zeal and anxious
desires as they manifest to render themselves an efficient Corps
towards the defence of their country cannot fail to ensure them the
gratitude of that country for whose sake they are willing to give up
the ease and comforts of a domestic life to encounter the toils and
dangers of a military one ; and the Duke has no doubt, should the
Corsican Usurper venture to attempt the invasion of this country,
but that the Percy Tenantry Volunteer Cavalry led on by Lord Percy
will convince him that the same patriotism and courage will reside
in their bosoms which render'd ancestors of old so famous in the
deeds of war ; and that the freemen of Britain will not tamely
submit to the Gallic yoke.
' The Duke desires that Lord Percy and the rest of the officers, N.-C. officers and men will accept his best thanks for the strict attention they have paid to their military duty, since they have been assembled at Alnwick, and he trusts when they have returned to their several homes they will exert themselves not only to keep up the improvement they have gained by being assembled together, but advance still further to perfection.
' The Duke of Northumberland desires that Captain Toppin, the N.-C. O. and gunners belonging to the Artillery attached to Percy Tenantry Volunteer Cavalry will accept his thanks for the great attention they have paid to their duty, and which in so short a time has rendered them equal to any of His Majesty's Royal Artillery in the management of their guns.'
|Alnwick Castle : Aug. 22, 1806.|
| The Duchess having
been pleased to present the Corps with a couple of Standards with an
address, suitable to the occasion, the Colonel, fancying it would
give pleasure to the Corps, has obtained a copy, which he here
inserts for their information
Gentlemen,—To the care and protection of the Corps I deliver these Standards, exactly copied from ancient Standards of the Percys, in defence of which their Tenantry of old times so valiantly fought and conquer'd. I have no doubt, gentlemen, should your country require your services, but you will prove that the Tenantry of these days can equal, tho' it is impossible to excel, their forefathers.
Accept these Standards at my hands, and may Honour, Glory and Success ever attend them.
The Colonel has no doubt but the Corps being now possess'd of the ancient Standards of the Percy family, they will, should any occasion occur, manifest intrepidity and attachment to it, which their ancestors did of old.'
The following appears under date August 28, 1806:
'The Duke of Northumberland desires that the officers and men of the Percy Tenantry Volunteer Cavalry and Artillery will accept his thanks for the zeal with which they thus persevere year after year to improve themselves in military manoeuvres.
Their grateful country never will forget the obligations she owes to men who now, equally skilled to wield the Ploughshare and the Sword, gallantly stand forward to defend as soldiers those fields which they have rendered so fruitful as husbandmen. This is true patriotism, and a country with such inhabitants will ever be invincible.'
|R. O. . . Alnwick Castle : July 25, 1812.|
|His Majesty having been pleased to approve of Captain Thomas Forster as Major of Cavalry, Robert Grey, Esquire, as Captain, Robert Wade, Esquire, as Lieutenant, and William Barber, Esquire, as Cornet of the Percy Tenantry Volunteer Cavalry,—They are to be obeyed as such, and the three last-named are appointed to their respective commands in the Newham Troop.|
|(Signed) PERCY, Colonel.'|
|. . . . . .|
|The following District Order,
dated 1812, closes the above-mentioned Order Book, which in 1807
changed hands from Captain Lambert's troop to Captain Bell's troop.
|Headquarters, N. D.
Alnwick Castle : Aug. 21, 1812.
|Lieut.-General Sir Chas. Green
was extremely gratified by his inspection of the Percy Tenantry
Volunteer Cavalry and Artillery, under the command of Earl Percy,
The high state of discipline and soldier-like appearance of the officers and men, the excellent condition, activity, and good training of the horses, the skilful management of the guns and attached artillery cars, and the military style in which the whole of their evolutions were conducted, furnish the best proofs of the meritorious exertions of their Colonel, Earl Percy, and the officers under his command, and the Lieutenant-General has great pleasure in further observing that what he witness'd in the field is only to be equalled by the munificent loyalty, which, with His Majesty's approbation, has formed and continues to support so excellent and useful an establishment.
The Lieut.-General will have great satisfaction in reporting most favourably of this Corps to the Commander-in-Chief and the Lord-Lieutenant of this County.
|(Sd.) GEO. EVANS,
Lt.-Col. and A. A. A. G., N. D.
|The Cavalry appear to have been
embodied each year for a week after the fashion of the Yeomanry,
during which period, as appears from the Orders, they held two
mounted parades and one dismounted parade at Alnwick Castle daily.
The Officers in Command of troops in 1812 were as follows :—
|Many of the Orders appear to have been entered up from dictation and abound with misspellings which I have taken the liberty to correct. There is evidence on one occasion that they were dictated by a broad Northumbrian tongue. One Order dated 1804 for a General Parade is apparently in Lord Percy's own handwriting. The book generally is clean and well kept—EDITOR.|
| HUGH, 2nd Duke of
NORTHUMBERLAND, K.G., by whom, as already noticed in the text, the
Percy Tenantry Volunteers were raised, equipped and maintained, does
not appear to have held a commission in the Corps at any time.
His Grace was Lord-Lieutenant and Vice-Admiral of Northumberland and Newcastle-upon-Tyne ; General in the Army and Colonel of the Royal Horse Guards (the Blues) ; one of the Council of State of the Prince of Wales in Cornwall ; Constable of Launceston Castle and High Steward of Launceston ; Fellow of the Royal Society and of the Society of Antiquaries. His Grace was the eldest son of the 1st Duke of Northumberland, and was born August 14, 1742 (O.S.), married firstly, in July 1764, Lady Anne Stuart, 3rd daughter of John, Earl of Bute, by whom he had no issue. This marriage was dissolved by Act of Parliament. He married secondly Frances Julia, 3rd daughter of Peter Burrell, Esq., by whom he had three sons and six daughters, of whom only Hugh (3rd Duke), Algernon (created Lord Prudhoe, 4th Duke), Elizabeth and Julia (both unmarried), Agnes (married Major-General Frederick Thomas Buller) and Emily Frances (married to Lord James Murray, 1st Lord Glenlyon, 2nd son of the Duke of Athol), survived their infancy.
The Duke at an early period devoted himself to a military life and served under Prince Ferdinand in the great Seven Years' War. When the American War broke out he was sent to America and commanded at the battle of Lexington. In the London Gazette,' published June 10, 1775, General Gage says too much praise cannot be given to Lord Percy for his remarkable activity during the whole day.' On November 16, 1776, he contributed essentially to the reduction of Fort Washington at Kings-bridge, near New York, the column led by his Lordship being the first that entered the enemy's lines.
His Grace died July 10, 1817.
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