TOWNSHIP OF TOGSTON.
| The township of Togston forms an irregular
parallelogram of 1,079 acres, of which the east end abuts upon the sea ;
its population in 1891 was 500,
N having more than doubled itself in the previous ten years,
through the erection within the boundaries of the township of cottages
for miners working at Broomhill colliery.
N The soil produces heavy crops of fine wheat, and also
provides excellent grazing ground.
At the end of the last and at the beginning of this
century, successive owners and tenants of Togston obtained some note as
breeders of high-class cattle. `A cow of the Blackwell breed,' by `the
famous Togston bull of that day,' belonging to Mr. William Smith,
purchased by Mr. Widdrington of Hauxley, ` a well-known breeder of fine
cattle,' at the sale of Mr. Edward Cook (died November, 1786), left good
stock in the neighbourhood.
N A cow bred and fed by Mr. William Smart of Trewhitt, who
after Cook's death rented his lands, when killed in 1792 was found to
weigh 150 stones.
N Thirty years later, Henry Porritt of Togston obtained a
wider distinction as a breeder of shorthorns,
N and his horses `Eclipse' and `Zoroaster' are not yet
The hamlet of Togston is
situated at the north-west corner of the township. It contains two
houses sheltered by plantations of forest trees, which belong
respectively to Mr. E. M. Lawson-Smith and Mr. Brignell Dand ; and there
are homesteads at Togston Barns, East Togston, and Togston Low-hall.
Though in the list of fortalices of 1415 no mention is made
of any tower at Togston, there seems to have been a small stronghold
there. It stood on a site a little to the north-west of Mr.
Lawson-Smith's house until about 1820, when it was taken down by Mr. T.
G. Smith, to his subsequent and lasting regret.
In the twelfth century Ralph fitz Main and his descendants,
who were foresters of Northumberland, held three-fourths of the manor of
Togston of the king in sergeanty.
N In the year 1200 Ralph fitz Peter paid 50 marks for having
his land, at Ditchburn, Cartington, and Ryle, which he used to hold by
sergeanty, by knight's service ; but he was to render besides 10s. a
year for his land of Togston.
L By an agreement made in the king's court at Newcastle on the
Sunday after the 2nd of February, 1234/5, John fitz Roger, lord of
Warkworth, for the sum of £10, quit-claimed to Roger de Toggesden and
his heirs the suit of Warkworth mill, which Roger's father Gilbert de
Toggesden used to pay, and which Roger had unjustly withheld.
N About the year 1240 Roger fitz Ralph, lord of Ditchburn,
held three parts of Togston of the king at an annual rent of 10s., Roger
N holding under him by knight's service.
The fourth part of the manor of Togston had been held by the
sergeanty of carrying the king's writs from Warkworth to Bamburgh, and
of keeping at Togston the cattle taken for debts due to the Crown ; but
this tenure by sergeanty ceased on the grant of the manor of Warkworth
to Roger fitz Richard.
N About 1240 William
of Toggisden held the fourth part of Togston of the heirs of John fitz
Richard, paying 20s. a year for the same ;
N and in 1249 it was found
that William of Togesdene held the fourth part of the vill of Roger fitz
John, by charter and the rent of 20s. a year.
As early as 1250 the Knights Hospitallers held in Togston a toft and 13
acres of land, for which they paid 8s. 8d. a year to the king.
Roger de Toggesdene had four daughters, namely, Ellen, wife of John de
Plessey, Emma, Aline, and Agnes. By a settlement made in the octave of
St. Hilary, 1252, in the king's court at York, Roger de Toggesden gave
to John de Plessey and Ellen his wife three parts of the manor of
Togston, the manor of East Ditchburn, and two carucates of land in `
Echerston,' for which he was to pay to each of Roger's other daughters
at Michaelmas a silver mark, namely, to Emma and her heirs at Wygehal,
to Aline and her heirs at Little Sandal, and to Agnes and her heirs at
Great Sandal. John de Plessey gave to Roger a life interest in the
manors of Plessey and Shotton. In the event of John de Plessey and
Ellen, his wife, dying without issue (which seems to have eventually
happened) Togston and the other estates comprised in the settlement were
to revert to the heirs of Roger.
At the Northumberland assizes of 1256, Ralph Freeman
N claimed certain
lands in Shotton, of which his kinswoman, Isolda, daughter of William
Godewyn, had been seised ; the action was resisted by Roger de Togesden,
who held them in right of Agnes, his wife.
N William de Toggesden was one
of the witnesses to a grant made by Adam de Bockenfield to the prior and
convent of Brinkburn in 1269,
N and he himself gave to the same house a yearly rent-charge
of 2s. issuing out of his lands in Bockenfield.
It seems possible
that when the history of the barony of Ditchburn is investigated,
the Togston family may be found to be scions of the family of fitz
Main, lords of that fee.
(a) Feet of Fines, Hen. III. Northumberland.
(b) Testa de Nevill ; Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii.
vol. i. p. 212.
(c) Cartae Ridleanae ; Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. ii.
In 1275 William de Tokesden and Agnes, his wife, by their attorney,
William de Pendemore or Uting de Werkewrth, brought an action
against Thomas de Hesaund in a plea of dower.
William de Toggesdene was constable of Warkworth castle in 1297,
N and his name stands at the head of the subsidy
rolls of 1296 and 1312.
TOGGISDEN SUBSIDY ROLL, 1296.
||Willelmi de Toggisden
||3 19 3
||Thomae filii Hugonis
||1 5 10
||Galfridi filii Alexandri
||0 13 2
||Willelmi de Haukislawe
||0 12 3
||Radulphi filii Willelmi
||0 13 8
||Galfridi filii Thomae
||1 0 8
|Summa hujus villae, £8 4s.
9d. Unde domino regi, 14s. 11¾ d.
William de Tokisdene was one of the jury who sat upon the
inquisition taken on the death of Robert fitz Roger in 1310, in
which inquisition he is stated to have held as a free tenant a
fourth part of the vill of Togston,
yearly to the lord of Warkworth 20s. of white ferm
his name reappears at the head of the subsidy roll of 1312.
TOGGISDEN SUBSIDY ROLL, 1312.
||Willelmi de Toggisden
||11 1 7
||Johannis filii Willelmi
||1 3 8
||Thomae de Cheventon
||2 5 0
||Galfridi filii Alexandri
||1 1 6
||Willelmi de Haukeslawe
||0 12 10
||Galfridi de Gysins
|Totius villae de Toggisden, £17
17s. 3d. Unde regi, 35s. 8¾ d. (sic.)
| In 1314 Roger fitz Ralph was found to have died seised of the manors
of East and West Ditchburn and Great Ryle, of half the vill of
Cartington, of the manor of North Charlton, and of the manor of
Togesdene and from him Sir Robert de Fawdon, knight, held the manors
of Togston and East Ditchburn, which were then worth £20 a year.
N Three years later, N Richard de Horsley
held lands in the vill of Toggesden, as well as the manor of
| THOGESDEN SUBSIDY ROLL, 1336.
|Ricardus filius Thomae, 4s.; Willelmus filius Rinaulphi, 3s.;
Willelmus filius Alexandri, 2s.;
Rogerus de Haukeslau, 1s. Summa,
In 1345 William de Acton, son of William de Acton of Newcastle, gave
to Roger de Widdrington, brother of Sir Gerard de Widdrington, a
rent-charge of £20 payable out of his lands in Redesdale called
Wyscharshell, N and a similar rent-charge out of
his lands in Qwhynitklieffe ' and Togston, which grant was to become
void on the conveyance by Acton to Widdrington of the manor of West
Swinburn and of a messuage and carucate of land in East Swinburn.
Sir Robert de Horsley, who died on the Friday after All Saints' day,
1391, was seised, in addition to half the vill of Thernham, of the
fourth part of the vill of Toggesden, which he held of John Fox and
Maud his wife. The latter was not worth more than 4 marks a year on
account of the destruction by the Scots. His son Robert was his
heir, and was aged eleven years on the 30th November, 1391.
N Five years later it was found that Sir John Beaumont,
knight—who held of the king the manors of Ditchburn, Cartington, and
Ryle, and of the earl of Northumberland that of North
Charlton—was seised of three parts of the manor of Togston, N and had before his death, by charter, dated 13th January,
1390/91, conveyed all his lands in Northumberland to Thomas Pyncebek
and others, apparently as trustees. Horsley's part of Togston is
included in a settlement made at Thernham on the 20th of September,
1403, probably on the marriage of Robert de Horsley with Elizabeth,
daughter of Sir William Swinburne, knight.
In 1498 William Carr and Thomas Grey of Horton held the fourth part
of the vill of Toggysden by fealty and suit of court at Warkworth,
each paying a free rent of 10s. a year.
N In 1568
the proprietors were Sir Thomas Grey of Horton, John Carnaby and
Reynold Fenwick ;
and in a survey of the barony
of Warkworth made about 1585 it is recorded that Ralph Grey, esq.,
N and Randal Fenwick, gents., held jointly of the lord
of Warkworth their lands and tenements in Togston by the service of
a third part of one knight's fee and by homage, fealty, and suit of
court at Warkworth every three weeks ; they also paid a yearly free
rent of 20s.
On the 20th of July, 1586, Ralph Grey of Horton, esq., sold his
lands in Togston, which comprised an undivided fourth part of the
whole, to John Wharrier, Edward Browell, and John Turner, all of
Togston and apparently his tenants, who entered into a covenant that
they would grind their corn at Grey's mill on the Coquet (i.e., at
On the 26th of May, 1590, Marmaduke Fenwick N of
Kirkharle made his will, in which he desired to be buried within the
chancel of Kirkharle, and gave his lands at Great Bavington `to my
well-beloved sonne, John' Fenwick, and failing him, `to my eldest
sonne, Randal' Fenwick. 'I will that if my goodes and chattels will
not extend to paie my debtes and legacies, that my lands in Togesden
and Deaneham fullfil the same.' The testator died possessed of
personal estate to the value of £247 18s. 2d., of which the goods
and chattels at Togston were valued at £7.
In 1594 Ralph (? Randal) Fenwick, gent., son and heir of Marmaduke
Fenwick, paid 20sS. for relief of his lands in Togston, held of the
earl of Northumberland as of his manor and barony of Warkworth by
the fourth part of one knight's fee.
N At the
muster of light horsemen taken at Aberwick-edge on the 24th of
November, 1595, there appeared from 'Dogsdon,' John Turner, George
Barde, George Horsley, John Burnwell, John Wharryer, Edward
Broughhill (Browell), and Roger Taler, all of whom were sufficiently
furnished with defensive armour and spears, though their horses were
George Horsley died soon afterwards, and the inventory of his goods
was taken on the 15th of February, 1597/98, by his neighbours,
George Baird, Cuthbert Hunter, and Roger Taylor.
1597. Nuncupative will of George Horsley. That a little before
Michaelmas last in this year 1597, George Horsley of Togston, of
Warkworth parish, did give all his goods, moveable and immoveable,
to his brother, Thomas Horsley, his debts being first paid.
Witnesses, Cuthbert Hunter, Isabella Hall, and others.
1597, 15th Feb. Inventory : 6 oxen, 1 kowe, and 1 stirke, £5 6s. 8d.
; 1 maire, 3 ewes, and 1 hogge, £1 10s.; 1 sewe and 1 goose, 5s. ;
wanes and ploughes with appurtenants, 16s. ; 2 almyres, 1 cawell,
and 1 chist, 16s.; 3 pots, I kettell, 10 doublers, and 2 sawcers, 13s. 4d.; 2
barrells and 1 malt tub, 1s. 8d.; 1 table, a
fire-crooke, a paire of tongs, an iron spit, and 1 chaire, 3s. 4d.;
his bedding and the rest of inside goods, 6s. 8d.; 3 bowles of hard
corne sown, estimated to 9 bowells, £6 6s.; 1 bowle of bigge sown,
estimated to 3 bowles, 10s.; 5 bowles of oats sowen, estimated to 25
bowies, £4 10s. Total, £22 4s. 8d.
Debts owing by testator : Cuthbert Hunter, £1 15s.
4d.; Alice Horsleye for an oxe, £1 3s.; Isabella Hunter for ane oxe,
16s. ; Roland Dunne for ane oxe, 16s.; Thomas Bruell, 15s.; George
Horsleye for a bushell of wheat, £1 2s.; Edward Hudson of Hauxley
for a kenninge of wheat, 6s. 8d.; for oxen jest, 4s.; for haye in
the field of Chevington, 3s. 4d. ; to George Horsley for cheases,
3s. 4d.; to Mabell Hunter for cheese, 1s. 8d.; to Jane Smith for
cheese, 2s. 2d. ; Isabell Lawson for cheese, 1s.; to Thomas Bard,
6d.; to Thomas Huntley, 1s. 3d.; to Thomas Nixon for a cheese, 8d. ;
in rent to the lord, £1 ; in charges with reaping and winninge the
corne, ,£1 13s. 4d. ; for cleansing the house after the visitation,
£1 13s. 4d.; Matthew Allison, 6d. ; wadge to the hird, 1s. Total;
£12 0s. 1d. N
N remained open and undivided until the
9th of January, 1632/33, when articles of agreement were entered
into by Sir William Fenwick of Meldon, knight, Francis Carnaby of
Togston, esq., and Gerard Browell, Matthew Wharrier, and John
Patterson, all of Togston, yeomen, in which it was agreed that the
township of Togston, alias Dogston, should be divided in such a
manner that Carnaby for his moiety should have the south and west
part of the township ; that Sir William Fenwick should have a full
quarter and some few acres more in consideration that his east part
was more barren than the other, 'to begin at the south end of the
new casten dyke joining upon Lady Gray's ground not far from the
windmill,' and that the remaining fourth part should be assigned to
Browell, Wharrier, and Patterson, who were styled 'the three
N Liberty to drive their cattle to
Morwick water, and way-leave to carry limestone and ware from the
sea shore, was reserved to the respective proprietors. In addition,
Fenwick agreed to cede to Carnaby the site, but not the material, of
the house that belonged to him, together with the yard or garden.
The freehold in reversion in the Carnaby estate was in the infant
daughter of Sir William Carnaby, whose lands had been under
sequestration for delinquency since his death in 1645 up to the 12th
of May, 1649, when Jane Carnaby, then aged ten years, compounded
through her guardian, Sir Thomas Widdrington, by paying a fine of
£750, Sir Thomas undertaking to report the case to parliament for a
mitigation of the fine.
N Togston had in 1640 been
granted on lease to Francis Carnaby,
brother of Sir William, to hold for the term of his life and for
twenty-one years afterwards. He fought as a captain of horse at the
battle of Naseby on the 14th of June, 1645,
N and was
taken prisoner and died in the following October. The two brothers
are described by a contemporary writer in the following pregnant
Sir Francis Carnaby and Sir Thomas Carnaby, both gentlemen of good
quality, of Thornum, in Northumberland, £10,000 the worse for the
war; the one Treasurer of the Northern Army and the other a colonel
; both after the defeat at Marston Moor accompanying my lord of
Newcastle beyond sea, whence the first returned with new hopes to
serve his majesty, and was slain at Sherburn in Yorkshire, 1645,
having time enough to rise on his knees and crie, ` Lord, have mercy
upon me, bless and prosper his majesty.' A short prayer at death
serveth him whose life was nothing but one continued prayer. And the
other died at Paris, not much concerned that he was set by and
set by; hung up, like the axe, when it hath hewed all the hard
timber, on the wall unregarded; and none of those desired to embroyl
the nation in a new war, and like a knavish chirurgeon out of design
to blister the sound flesh into a sore, to gain by the curing of it
Administration to the personal estate of Francis Carnaby was granted
to his sister's son, Major William Salkeld,
on the 21st of January, 1652/53, petitioned ' the commissioners for
compounding, sitting att Habberdashers' hall.
That it appeares by an indenture tripertite made the first day of
Aprill, 1640, betweene Sir William Carnaby, knight, and Francis
Carnaby, his brother, of the first part, Richard Carnaby, gentleman,
of the second part, and Anthony Allen, gentleman, of the third
part, that amonge other thinges the messuages, cottages, landes,
tenements, and hereditaments lying and being within Togsden, in the
county of Northumberland, were setled by the said Sir William
Carnaby to and for the use and behoofe of the said Francis Carnaby
and his assignes for and during his life, and after his decease then
to and for the use and behoofe of him, the said Francis Carnaby, his
executors, administrators, and assignes for the terme of
one-and-twenty yeares, to comence from the deathe of the said
Francis Carnaby. That the said Francis Carnaby dyed about the moneth
of October, 1645, and your petitioners in the moneth of October,
1646, tooke out letters of administracon of all and singular the
goodes, chattells, and debts of the said Francis Carnaby (your
petitioner being his nephew by the sister's side), and your
petitioner, afterwards comeing to London to compound at
Habberdashers' hall, could not proceed in his composicon by reason
the writings were not come unto his hand, till afterwards he
procured the same by suing for them in Chancery, and in last
Michaelmas terme had the same brought into courte, where they are
now remayning. Now, forasmuch as the estate of the said Francis
Carnaby is, by the late Act entituled an 'Act for Sale of severall
Landes and Estates forfeited to the Comonwealth for Treason,' to be
N Your peticoner therefore humbly prayes that
his said letters of administracon may be allowed unto him, and that
he may accordingly compound for the said lease accordingly to the
rules appointed by the parliament.
Jane Carnaby N carried her moiety of Togston in
marriage to Sir Thomas Haggerston of Haggerston, Bart., and dying
without issue in September, 1710, she was succeeded in her estates
by her husband's grandson, Sir Carnaby Haggerston. N On the 1st of January, 1801, Sir Carnaby Haggerston entered into articles of agreement with William
Smith of Togston for the sale of all his lands in Togston, computed
to comprise 506 acres,
N but the estate was not conveyed until 1812.
With the rest of Mr. Smith's lands they have descended to Mr. E. M.
Sir William Fenwick, a party to the division of the township in
1633, died in London in May, 1652, but before his death he had
divided his estates N amongst his three daughters and co-heiresses,
giving Togston to his second daughter, Catherine, wife of Henry
Lawson of Byker.
N Like her father, she, too, was involved in the
troubles of the period, and on the 3rd of December, 1650, being a
widow, addressed the following petition to the commissioners for
That her late husband being deceased about five years agoe, his
estaite by intayle come to his brother for whose delinquencye the
same is under sequestration, she haveing noe jointure but only her
thirds forth of her late husband's estaite, the two parts wherof is
also sequestred for her recusancye, soe as she receiveth but only
the nynth parte of the valew of her late husband's estaite, some
arreares wherof, as also of her third parte of a small farme of the
valew of £20 per annum lying in a villag called Toggesden, which is
her owne inheritaunce, are behind and unpayd, the comissioners for
the county of Northumberland haveing made stay therof, upon your
honors' generall order for the staying of the fifth part of
delinquents, contening the said order to extend alsoe to her thirds.
In tender consideration wherof she humbly beseecheth your honors to
grant your order to the commissioners for Northumberland to pay unto
her the said ninth part of the valew of her late husband's estaite,
and the third parte of the valew of her owne inheritance before
mentioned, together with the arreares therof.
Upon the peticon of Katherine Lawson, relict of Henry Lawson, late
deceased, desireinge the allowance of a ninth parte of her late
husband's sequestred estate, and alsoe a third parte of her owne
inheritance sequestred for her recusancy, with the arreares thereof
(a copy of which peticon is hereunto annexed and attested by the
registrar to this committee), it is thought fitt and ordered that it
be referred to the commissioners for sequestrations in the county of
Northumberland (by whom the sequestration is made), to allow and pay
unto the peticioner one full third parte of the thirds of the cleare
yearely revenue and benefitt of her said husband's sequestred estate
for her maintenance, with the arreares thereof; which have incurred
since the 24th day of December last, 1649, together with a full
third parte of her owne inheritance, deductinge a due proportion for
taxes and other charges and observing the instructions.
Lawson married, secondly, Francis Radcliffe,
earl of Derwentwater, who was, in 1663, rated for the fourth part of
Togston at £33 a year. This estate, comprising about 275 acres, has
since devolved to the same persons and under the same conditions as
the Radcliffe lands in Amble.
Having traced the descent of the Carnaby moiety and of the Fenwick
quarter of the township, there remains the quarter which, in 1586,
was sold by Ralph Grey to the three freeholders, John Wharrier,
Edward Browell, and John Turner.
N The names of Matthew Wharrier,
Gerard Browell, and Edward Patterson appear in the list of
freeholders made in 1628, and, as already noticed, Matthew Wharrier,
Gerard Browell, and John Patterson were parties to the division of
the township in 1633, and the same names are in the freeholders'
list of 1639.
N There is not sufficient material to construct a
pedigree of the family of Browell, though descendants still reside
in the village of Warkworth. The following wills and administrations
are extracted from the registry at Durham :
|1610. Administration of the personal estate of John Browell of the
parish of Warkworth, granted for the benefit of Margaret Browell,
the daughter of the deceased.
1611. Will of Lancelot Browell of Hadston, yeoman. My body to be
buried within the parish church of Warkworth. I give to my father,
John Browell, one oxe. I give to my son, John Browell, 4 oxen ; to
my son, Edward Browell, a foale ; to my son Mark, a foale; and to my
son Robert, another foale. Proved at Durham, 26th April, 1611.
Amount of inventory, £141 4s. 4d.
1615. Probate of the will of Edward Browell of the parish of
Warkworth, committed to Gerard Browell, the son of the testator, and
the executor named in the will.
1647, 16th November. Will of Edward Browell of Togsden Moor-house. I
give to my base begotten son, John Browell, two cows and £4. To my
son, Thomas Browell, £17; to my son, William Browell, £10; to my
daughter, Elizabeth Browell, £17 ; and to my daughter, Jane Browell,
£10. I give to my brother, John Browell, 20s. as a token. Proved at
1647, 17th October. The names and sumes of such as be indebted unto
Edward Browell of Togston More-house as followeth : Imprimis :
Robert Lawson of Linton, £18; Katherine Foster of Ellington, 10s.;
Rowland Scypsee of Ellington, £2; William Singlton of Cresswell,
16s.; Richard Spume of Drerish., £1 16s.; William Clarke of Hauxley,
7s.; William Jackson of the More-house, £3; John Taylor of
Ambell, £2 10s. ; William Alder of the More-house, 10s. ; Richard Couke of Togston, £8 3s. 4d.; Robert
Stayt of Acklington, £1; John James of Acklington, £5 ; Robert Hall
of Hadston, £1 6s.; William
Browell of Hadston, £1 8s.; John Browell of Hadston, £1 16s.;
Thomas Jackson of Togston More-house £17. Total, £65 2s. 4d.
1647, 16th October. Deed of feoffment from Gerard Browell to Matthew
Wharrier and Henry Watson of lands in Togston.
1661/2, January. Administration of the personal estate of Gerrard
Browell of Togston granted to Ann Browell, the widow.
|Before 1658 the larger part of Browell's lands had been acquired by
William Smith of Amble, who, with Matthew Wharrier and John Patterson
(by a clerical error in the Book of Rates called Featherston), were each
rated in 1663 for lands worth £11 a year.
WHARRIER OF TOGSTON.
(a) Warkworth Register.
(b) Arch. Ael. 4to series, ii. p. 317.
EVIDENCES TO WHARRIER PEDIGREE.
| 1587, 20th October. Bond of John Heron of Bokenfield, gent.,
and William Heron of Eshet, gent., to Edward Barde and John
Wharrier of Togston of £12 to perform certain covenants.
1612, 17th September. Will of John Wharier of Togston in the
county of Northumberland. My body to be buried in the parish
church of Warkworth. I will that Jane my wife shall peaceably
enjoy my freehold lying and being in Togston, during her
widowhood ; after the death of my said wife, I will that my son,
Mathew Wharier, and the heirs of his bodie lawfully begotten
shall have and enjoy the said land ; if my son, Mathew, shall
dye without issue, then my will is that my daughter, Barbarye
Wharier, and the heirs of her bodie lawfully begotten shall have
and enjoy the said freehold ; and if my daughter shall leave no
issue, then my will is that my brother, William Wharier of
Burling, and his heirs male shall enjoy the said land ; and if
he faile, then my will is that John Wharier, son of my brother,
Nicholas Wharier of Hadston, and my godson, and his heirs
generally. I give unto Barbarye Wharier, my daughter, £20; I give
unto Robert Wharier of Morpeth, my brother, a bushell of wheate, a
bushelle of beens, and a boull of oates. I make my sonne, Mathew
Wharier, full executor. I leave Mathew Wharier, my son, during his
minoritie, into Mathew Forster of Fletham, my brother-in-law. Proved
same year N
1674 . . . . Feoffment from Matthew and John Wharrier to Edward Cook
of Amble of a moiety of their freehold farmhold at Togston.
1683, 18th May. Feoffment from Matthew Wharrier and John Wharrier,
his son, to Thomas Smith of Togston of the moiety of their half
tenement in Togston.
1686, 26th May. Feoffment from Matthew Wharrier and John Wharrier,
his son, and Jane, wife of the said John, to Thomas Smith, of the
full quarter of a freehold farm in Togston.
1710, 17th August. Release from John Wharrier and Jane, his wife, to
William Smith, of their dwelling house in Togston in consideration
of the sum of £16. N
Wharrier's lands were acquired in parcels by Edward Cook and William
Smith, and were finally absorbed in their estates in 1710.
At a court held at North Charlton on the 9th of October, 1685, by
Robert Fenwick, the steward for Matthew Jefferson, esq., and Timothy
Robson, esq., who claimed to be lords of the manor of Ditchburn,
there were summoned to appear Sir Thomas Haggerston, bart., who held
lands in Togston in right of his wife, Sir Francis Radcliffe, bart.,
who held other lands there in right of his wife ; Patterson, Smith,
and Wharrier, who held other lands in the same place, were also
summoned to appear ; none of them did so. The jury say :
We present and say that John Patterson of Togsden is a freeholder
within this mannor, and hath at courts holden formerly for the said
mannor made his appearance by essoining the said courts ; and that
Edward Cook married Patterson's daughter, who had issue to the said
Edward Cook, John Cook, who now enjoys the land as heir to his
mother, and ought to have appeared and done his suit of court the
day and year abovesaid, for which, his default, we amerce him vjs
We also present and say that William Smith of Togsden aforesaid was
a freeholder within ye said mannor, and that he hath appeared at
courts formerly holden for the said mannor and essoined his
appearance, and that he is since dead, and that Thomas Smith is his
son and heir, and was summoned to appear at this court holden the
day and year aforesaid, and hath made default, for which we amerce
him vjs viijd. We also find that the said William Smith hath paid to the
former lord or lords of this mannor the free rent of thirteen pence
for his lands in Togsden aforesaid.
We also present and say that Matthew Quarier of Togsden is a
freeholder within this mannor, and ought to appear at the court
holden for the said mannor, and hath formerly appeared and done suit
of court, and hath made a default at this court, for which we amerce
him vjs viiijd
|John Patterson left two daughters who were co-heiresses, viz.,
Alice, wife of William Smith, and Jane, wife of Edward Cook of Amble
New-hall. The eldest son of the latter, who was named after his maternal
grandfather, made Togston his residence. There is a stone built into a
wall of Mr. Brignell
Dand's house bearing the inscription;
|the date being probably that of the marriage of John Cook and Ann Brown.
| This part of Togston remained with the
descendants of that marriage until 1832, when Mr. Isaac Cookson of
Gateshead park, who had married Jane, only daughter and heiress of
Edward Cook, sold the seat of his wife's ancestors to Mr. James Dand of
Hauxley cottage, to whose great-grandson, Mr. Brignell Dand, it now
COOK OF AMBLE NEW-HALL AND TOGSTON.
(a) Warkworth Register. (b) Ex
cartis Cookson, Rev. John Hodgson's Collect:an. (c)
(d) Extracts from Warkworth Register (no longer extant)
obtained by the Rev. Jos. Cook in 1797.
(e) Abstract of title, Rev. John Hodgson's Collection.(f) Mr.
Brignell Dand's Deeds.
(g) From the original with Mr. S. F. Widdrington. (h)
EVIDENCES TO COOK PEDIGREE.
| 1657, November. Articles before
marriage between Edward Cook of Hadston, yeoman, and Jane
Patterson of Togston, spinster, by which Edward Cook
covenants to convey to William Smith of Togston, yeoman, so
much of his three messuages or farmholds at the west end of
Amble as will ensure to the said Jane a jointure of £6 8s.
per annum, if and when she shall become a widow. From the
original deed with Mr. S. F. Widdrington.
1691, 31st December. Will of Edward Cook of Amble. I commend
my soul to God, and will that my body be buried in the
parish church of Warkworth in such decent manner as to my
executrix shall seem meet. To my eldest son, John Cook, my
lands in Amble ; to my wife, Jane, the mansion house in
which I now live, with the garden, malt-kiln, and the three closes called Calf-close, East-upsides, and
Crum-halvers for her life ; I give her my lands, coney warren, and
fishing at Cresswell, my lands at the south and at the north sides
of Newton-on-the-Moor, and my lands at Brainshaugh for her life or
widowhood ; and after her decease or remarriage I give to my son,
Edward Cook, my lands at Cresswell ; to my son, Samuel Cook, my
lands on the south side of Newton-on-the-Moor ; to my son, William
Cook, my lands at Brainshaugh ; to my son, Benjamin Cook, my lands
on the north side of Newton-on-the Moor, with remainder to my son,
Richard Cook, remainder to my son, Thomas Cook, remainder to my son,
Joseph ; to my son, Richard Cook, my burgage house and malt-kilns,
Warkworth. The proprietors of my lands in Newton-on-the-Moor to enjoy
for twenty-one years hedgeboot and stakeboot out of my bramble and
small underwood in Brainshaugh. To my sons, Richard, Thomas, and
Joseph Cook, £300 apiece ; and to my daughter, Jane Cook, £200 when
twenty-one. And as for my daughters that are married and have
received their filial portions, I give to each of them a guinea to
buy them rings. Residue of personal estate to my wife, Jane Cook,
she executrix. Proved at Durham, 18th July, 1692. From the original
probate with Mr. S. F. Widdrington.
1710, 26th August. Will of Barbara Brown of Monkwearmouth Shore. She
gives her lands at Stockton to her grandchildren, Christopher, John,
and William Rawlings, and legacies to their sisters, Mary and
Eleanor. She also gives legacies to her eight grandchildren, John,
Christopher, and Richard Cook, with their five sisters. The residue
of her estate she gives to her grandson, Edward Cook.
Cookson of Meldon.
1762, 13th December. Will of John Cook of Togston, gent. My eldest
son and heir, Edward Cook, under age. To my sons, Benjamin and John
Cook, £1,000 apiece, to be paid them when they shall attain the age
of twenty-one ; to my seven daughters, Isabella, Mary, Dorothy,
Margaret, Frances, Ann, and Jane, £500 apiece, to be paid at
twenty-one. Executors, my trusty friends, Rev. Wilfrid Lawson of
Warkworth, Edward Wilson of Ulgham, and Martin Taylor of Amble. Rev.
John Hodgson's Collection.
Mr. Edward Cook, after having lived some time with his brother at
Togston in Northumberland, went to America, and took with him a
pointer dog, which he lost soon afterwards while shooting in the
woods near Baltimore. Some time after, Mr. and Mrs. Cook, who
continued to reside at Togston, were alarmed at hearing a dog in the
night. They admitted it into the house and found it was the same
their brother had taken with him to America. The dog lived until his
master returned home, when they mutually recognised each other. Mr.
Cook was never able to trace by what vessel the dog had left
America, or in what part of England it had been landed. Richardson,
Table Book, viii. p. 206.
As has been already noticed, the family of Smith held lands in Amble
in, and probably before, the reign of Queen Elizabeth. William
Smith, who purchased lands in Togston after 1639 and before 1658,
acquired other lands there through his marriage with one of John
Patterson's daughters. His son made additions to a house already 140
years old, and above what was, probably, the south outer door caused
the following letters and figures to be cut in relief :
A sun-dial in the garden bears the initials of his grandson :
the house was enlarged at the end
the eighteenth century by the erection of a new front. The fine
forest trees which now shelter the house and gardens were probably
planted about the same time. Mr. Thomas George Smith, who died in
1862, devised all his real estate to his kinsman, Mr. Edward Maule
Lawson, who assumed.
the additional name of Smith, and is the present owner. The
representation of the family, however, was carried on by Mr. T. G.
Smith's cousin-german, Mr. William Smith of Newcastle and Gosforth.
SMITH OF AMBLE AND TOGSTON
(a) Warkworth Register. (b) Wills at
Durham. (c) M.I., St. Nicholas, Newcastle. (d) Felton
Register. (e) M.I.., Warkworth.
(f) Documents and Pedigree with Mr. T. W. Smith of West
(g) Mr. E. M. Lawson-Smith's Deeds
EVIDENCES TO SMITH PEDIGREE.
| 1618, 3rd July. Will of Robert Smith
of Ambell in the parish of Warkworth, yeoman. To be buried
in the parish church of Warkworth. To my wife, Alice Smith,
one dun mare, etc. ; to my son, Thomas Smith, six oxen, etc.
; to Jane Smith, my daughter, ten sheepe, etc. ; to Robert
Smith, my son, two stotts, etc. ; to Henry Bilton, two hoggs
; and to Margaret Bilton, his mother, two hoggs. Executors,
my wife, Alice Smith, and my sone, Thomas Smith. Inventory,
£63 12s. Proved 1618. Durham Probate Registry.
1658, 1st June. Deed of feoffment from John Errington of
Newcastle, butcher, and Jane, his wife, to John Patterson
and William Smith, both of Togston. Errington in
consideration of £20 conveys to Patterson and Smith certain
ridges of land, stents and beast gates in Togston, viz.,
three ridges of land containing 2 acres at Togston
Moor-houses and one stent or beast gate at the same place ;
eight ridges of meadow land containing 4 acres within
Carnaby's lands, and two stents or beast gates in the same
lands ; three ridges of land and one close lying in a
certain place at Togston called the freehold, containing 2
acres, with one beast gate there. Mr. E. M.
1686, 11th November. Thomas Smith of Togston, gent., binds
himself in £100 to John Cook of Togston to stand the award,
etc., of Robert Davison of Warkworth Barnes, gent., Edward
Kirton of Hauxley, gent., William Reed of Amble, gent., and
William Milburn of Birling, yeoman, commissioners chosen by
the said parties to award an equal division of all those
their three freehold farms in Togston. Ex
cartis Cookson of Meldon. The award was made on the same
day. Mr. E. M, Lawson-Smith's Deeds.
1771, 5th April. Will of Thomas Smith of Togston. To my wife,
Frances Smith of Togston, £50 per annum ; to my youngest
son, Thomas Smith, £1,000 ; to my daughters, Elizabeth,
Jane, Margaret, Ann, and Sarah Smith, £400 apiece ; to my
daughters, Mary Walker, Frances Wilson, and Dorothy Bell,
£100 apiece. My freehold lands, my leasehold lands at
Warkworth Barns and East Chevington held under the duke and
duchess of Northumberland and Sir Henry Grey, bart., to my
eldest son, William Smith. Samuel Cook of Newton, esq., and
John Archbold of Acton, gent., to be guardians of my
children, they with my wife to be executors. Mr. E. M.
1811, 8th December. Will of William Smith of Togston, esq. By
my marriage settlement with my wife, Elizabeth Smith, I gave
her an annuity of £100. Now I do make the annuity unto £200.
I give, devise, and bequeath all my messuages, lands, and
tenements unto my only son, Thomas George Smith, and his
heirs. I also give to my said son my old family tankard, the
silver cup given to me by his grace the duke of
Northumberland, and a silver cup given me by Ralph Carr,
late of Dunston, in the county of Durham, deceased, the
clock which was given by my father's will, and also all my
brewing utensils. To my four daughters, Elizabeth, Frances,
Ann, and Isabella Smith, £2,000 each, and a further sum of
£50 each. Residue to my son, Thomas George Smith. I appoint
my wife, Elizabeth Smith, and my friends, Ralph Fenwick of
Shortridge, esq., and John Clutterbuck of Warkworth, esq.,
executors. Proved 1812. Durham Probate Registry.